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Cases | Nouns/Adjectives | Pronouns | Verbs
Nominative | Genitive | Dative | Accusative | Ablative | Vocative

Nominative

Subject: Quintus carrum videt - Quintus sees the cart.

Genitive

Description: Vir staturae - A man of stature
Material: Domus auri - A house of gold
Possession: Carrus Quinti - The cart of Quintus
Partitive: Paucae navibus - A few of the ships

Dative

Dative + adjective
Indirect Object: Quintus Marco carrum dedit - Quintus gave the cart to Marcus.
Interest:


More coming soon...
1st Declension
CaseS.Pl.
Nominative-a-ae
Genitive-ae-arum
Dative-ae-is
Accusative-am-as
Ablative-a-is

2nd Declension
MasculineNeuter
CaseS.Pl.
Nominative-us-i
Genitive-i-orum
Dative-o-is
Accusative-um-os
Ablative-o-is
CaseS.Pl.
Nominative-um-a
Genitive-i-orum
Dative-o-is
Accusative-um-a
Ablative-o-is

3rd Declension
Masculine/FeminineNeuter
CaseS.Pl.
Nominative ---es
Genitive-is-um
Dative-i-ibus
Accusative-em-es
Ablative-e-ibus
CaseS.Pl.
Nominative ---a
Genitive-is-um
Dative-i-ibus
Accusative ---a
Ablative-e-ibus

4th Declension
Masculine/FeminineNeuter
CaseS.Pl.
Nominative-us-us
Genitive-us-uum
Dative-ui-ibus
Accusative-um-us
Ablative-u-ibus
CaseS.Pl.
Nominative-u-ua
Genitive-us-uum
Dative-u-ibus
Accusative-u-ua
Ablative-u-ibus

5th Declension
CaseS.Pl.
Nominative-es-es
Genitive-ei-erum
Dative-ei-ebus
Accusative-em-es
Ablative-e-ebus
Demonstrative Pronouns

ille, illa, illud - that
Singular

CaseMasculineFeminineNeuter
Nominativeilleillaillud
Genitiveilliusilliusillius
Dativeilliilliilli
Accusativeillumillamillud
Ablativeilloillaillo

Plural
CaseMasculineFeminineNeuter
Nominativeilliillaeilla
Genitiveillorumillarumillorum
Dativeillisillisillis
Accusativeillosillasilla
Ablativeillisillisillis

hic, haec, hoc - this
Singular

CaseMasculineFeminineNeuter
Nominativehichaechoc
Genitivehuiushuiushuius
Dativehuichuichuic
Accusativehunchanchoc
Ablativehochachoc

Plural
CaseMasculineFeminineNeuter
Nominativehihaehaec
Genitivehorumharumhorum
Dativehishishis
Accusativehoshashaec
Ablativehishishis

Relative Pronouns

qui, quae, quod - who, which, what, that
Singular

CaseMasculineFeminineNeuter
Nominativequiquaequod
Genitivecuiuscuiuscuius
Dativecuicuicui
Accusativequemquamquod
Ablativequoquaquo

Plural
CaseMasculineFeminineNeuter
Nominativequiquaequae
Genitivequorumquarumquorum
Dativequibusquibusquibus
Accusativequosquasquae
Ablativequibusquibusquibus
Basics | Conjugation | Tenses | 1st Conj. | 2nd Conj. | 3rd Conj. | 3rd Conj. -io | 4th Conj.

Basics

Follow this
link for my article on the basics of Latin verbs.

Conjugation

How to conjugate a verb in English

to praise
SingularPlural
1st PersonI praise.We praise.
2nd PersonYou praise.You (all) praise.
3rd PersonHe, she, it praises. They praise.


Personal Endings

Active
SingularPlural
1st Person-o/-m-mus
2nd Person-s-tis
3rd Person-t-nt

Passive
SingularPlural
1st Person-r-mur
2nd Person-ris-mini
3rd Person-tur-ntur


Tenses

Imperfect: Marcus was watching a cat. - Marcus felem spectabat.
Present: Marcus watches/is watching a cat. - Marcus felem spectat.
Perfect: Marcus watched a cat. - Marcus felem spectavit.
Pluperfect: Marcus had watched a cat. - Marcus felem spectaverat.
Future: Marcus will watch a cat. - Marcus felem spectabit.
Future Perfect: Marcus will have watched a cat. - Marcus felem spectaverit.

1st Conjugation

Indicative

laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus - to praise
Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudolaudamuslaudorlaudamur
2nd Personlaudaslaudatislaudarislaudamini
3rd Personlaudatlaudantlaudaturlauduntur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudabamlaudabamuslaudabarlaudabamur
2nd Personlaudabaslaudabatislaudabarislaudabamini
3rd Personlaudabatlaudabantlaudabaturlaudabantur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudavilaudavimuslaudatus sumlaudati sumus
2nd Personlaudavistilaudavistislaudatus eslaudati estis
3rd Personlaudavitlaudaveruntlaudatus estlaudati sunt

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudaveramlaudaveramuslaudatus eramlaudatus eramus
2nd Personlaudaveraslaudaveratislaudatus eraslaudatus eratis
3rd Personlaudaveratlaudaverantlaudatus eratlaudatus erant

Future
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudabolaudabimuslaudaborlaudabimur
2nd Personlaudabislaudabitislaudaberislaudabimini
3rd Personlaudabitlaudabuntlaudabiturlaudabuntur

Future Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudaveramlaudaveramuslaudatus eramlaudatus eramus
2nd Personlaudaveraslaudaveratislaudatus eraslaudatus eratis
3rd Personlaudaveratlaudaverantlaudatus eratlaudatus erant


Subjunctive


Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudemlaudemuslauderlaudemur
2nd Personlaudeslaudetislauderislaudemini
3rd Personlaudetlaudentlaudeturlaudentur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudaremlaudaremuslaudarerlaudaremur
2nd Personlaudareslaudaretislaudarerislaudaremini
3rd Personlaudaretlaudarentlaudareturlaudarentur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudaverimlaudaverimuslaudatus simlaudati simus
2nd Personlaudaverislaudaveritislaudatus sislaudati sitis
3rd Personlaudaveritlaudaverintlaudatus sitlaudati sint

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personlaudavissemlaudavissemuslaudatus essemlaudatus essemus
2nd Personlaudavisseslaudavissetislaudatus esseslaudatus essetis
3rd Personlaudavissetlaudavissentlaudatus essetlaudatus essent

2nd Conjugation

Indicative

moneo, monere, monui, monitus - to warn
Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmoneomonemusmoneormonemur
2nd Personmonesmonetismonerismonemini
3rd Personmonetmonentmoneturlauduntur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmonebammonebamusmonebarmonebamur
2nd Personmonebasmonebatismonebarismonebamini
3rd Personmonebatmonebantmonebaturmonebantur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmonuimonuimusmonitus summoniti sumus
2nd Personmonuistimonuistismonitus esmoniti estis
3rd Personmonuitmonueruntmonitus estmoniti sunt

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmonuerammonueramusmonitus erammoniti eramus
2nd Personmonuerasmonueratismonitus erasmoniti eratis
3rd Personmonueratmonuerantmonitus eratmoniti erant

Future
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmonebomonebimusmonebormonebimur
2nd Personmonebismonebitismoneberismonebimini
3rd Personmonebitmonebuntmonebiturmonebuntur

Future Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmonuerammonueramusmonitus erimmoniti erimus
2nd Personmonuerasmonueratismonitus erismoniti eritis
3rd Personmonueratmonuerantmonitus eritmoniti erunt


Subjunctive


Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmoneammoneamusmonearmoneamur
2nd Personmoneasmoneatismonearismoneamini
3rd Personmoneatmoneantmoneaturmoneantur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmoneremmoneremusmonerermoneremur
2nd Personmoneresmoneretismonererismoneremini
3rd Personmoneretmonerentmonereturmonerentur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmonuerimmonuerimusmonitus simmoniti simus
2nd Personmonuerismonueritismonitus sismoniti sitis
3rd Personmonueritmonuerintmonitus sitmoniti sint

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmonuissemmonuissemusmonitus essemmoniti essemus
2nd Personmonuissesmonuissetismonitus essesmoniti essetis
3rd Personmonuissetmonuissentmonitus essetmoniti essent

3rd Conjugation

Indicative

tango, tangere, tetigi, tactus - to touch
Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontangotangimustangiortangimur
2nd Persontangistangitistangiristangimini
3rd Persontangittangunttangiturtanguntur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontangebamtangebamustangebartangebamur
2nd Persontangebastangebatistangebaristangebamini
3rd Persontangebattangebanttangebaturtangebantur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontetigitetigimustactus sumtacti sumus
2nd Persontetigistitetigististactus estacti estis
3rd Persontetigittetigerunttactus esttacti sunt

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontetigeramtetigeramustactus eramtacti eramus
2nd Persontetigerastetigeratistactus erastacti eratis
3rd Persontetigerattetigeranttactus erattacti erant

Future
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontangibotangibimustangibortangibimur
2nd Persontangibistangibitistangiberistangibimini
3rd Persontangibittangibunttangibiturtangibuntur

Future Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontetigeramtetigeramustactus erimtacti erimus
2nd Persontetigerastetigeratistactus eristacti eritis
3rd Persontetigerattetigeranttactus erittacti erunt


Subjunctive


Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontangamtangamustangartangamur
2nd Persontangastangatistangaristangamini
3rd Persontangattanganttangaturtangantur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontangeremtangeremustangerertangeremur
2nd Persontangerestangeretistangereristangeremini
3rd Persontangerettangerenttangereturtangerentur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontetigerimtetigerimustactus simtacti simus
2nd Persontetigeristetigeritistactus sistacti sitis
3rd Persontetigerittetigerinttactus sittacti sint

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Persontetigissemtetigissemustactus essemtacti essemus
2nd Persontetigissestetigissetistactus essestacti essetis
3rd Persontetigissettetigissenttactus essettacti essent

3rd Conjugation -io

Indicative

facio, facere, feci, factus - to make
Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfaciofacimusfaciorfacimur
2nd Personfacisfacitisfacirisfacimini
3rd Personfacitfaciuntfaciturfaciuntur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfaciebamfaciebamusfaciebarfaciebamur
2nd Personfaciebasfaciebatisfaciebarisfaciebamini
3rd Personfaciebatfaciebantfaciebaturfaciebantur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfecifecimusfactus sumfacti sumus
2nd Personfecistifecistisfactus esfacti estis
3rd Personfecitfeceruntfactus estfacti sunt

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfeceramfeceramusfactus eramfacti eramus
2nd Personfecerasfeceratisfactus erasfacti eratis
3rd Personfeceratfecerantfactus eratfacti erant

Future
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfaciamfacamusfaciarfaciemur
2nd Personfaciasfaciatisfacierisfaciemini
3rd Personfaciatfaciantfaciaturfacientur

Future Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfecerofecerimusfactus erimfacti erimus
2nd Personfecerisfeceritisfactus erisfacti eritis
3rd Personfeceritfecerintfactus eritfacti erunt


Subjunctive


Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfaciamfaciamusfaciarfaciamur
2nd Personfaciasfaciatisfaciarisfaciamini
3rd Personfaciatfaciantfaciaturfaciantur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfaceremfaceremusfacererfaceremur
2nd Personfaceresfaceretisfacererisfaceremini
3rd Personfaceretfacerentfacereturfacerentur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfecerimfecerimusfactus simfacti simus
2nd Personfecerisfeceritisfactus sisfacti sitis
3rd Personfeceritfecerintfactus sitfacti sint

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personfecissemfecissemusfactus essemfacti essemus
2nd Personfecissesfecissetisfactus essesfacti essetis
3rd Personfecissetfecissentfactus essettacti essent

4th Conjugation

Indicative

munio, munire, munivi/munii, munitus - to build, to fortify
Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmuniomunimusmuniormunimur
2nd Personmunismunitismunirismunimini
3rd Personmunitmununtmuniturmuniuntur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmuniebammuniebamusmuniebarmuniebamur
2nd Personmuniebasmuniebatismuniebarismuniebamini
3rd Personmuniebatmuniebantmuniebaturmuniebantur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmunivimunivimusmunitus summuniti sumus
2nd Personmunivistimunivistismunitus esmuniti estis
3rd Personmunivitmuniveruntmunitus estmuniti sunt

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmuniverammuniveramusmunitus erammuniti eramus
2nd Personmuniverasmuniveratismunitus erasmuniti eratis
3rd Personmuniveratmuniverantmunitus eratmuniti erant

Future
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmuniammuniemusmuniarmuniemur
2nd Personmuniesmunietismunierismuniemini
3rd Personmunietmunientmunieturmunientur

Future Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmuniveromuniverimusmunitus erimmuniti erimus
2nd Personmuniverismuniveritismunitus erismuniti eritis
3rd Personmuniveritmuniverintmunitus eritmuniti erunt


Subjunctive


Present
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmuniammuniamusmuniarmuniamur
2nd Personmuniasmuniatismuniarismuniamini
3rd Personmuniatmuniantmuniaturmuniantur

Imperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmuniremmuniremusmunirermuniremur
2nd Personmuniresmuniretismunirerismuniremini
3rd Personmuniretmunirentmunireturmunirentur

Perfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmuniverimmuniverimusmunitus simmuniti simus
2nd Personmuniverismuniveritismunitus sismuniti sitis
3rd Personmuniveritmuniverintmunitus sitmuniti sint

Pluperfect
ActivePassive
SingularPluralSingularPlural
1st Personmunivissemmunivissemusmunitus essemmuniti essemus
2nd Personmunivissesmunivissetismunitus essesmuniti essetis
3rd Personmunivissetmunivissentmunitus essetmuniti essent
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