Full name: Marcus Tullius Cicero
Born on January 6, 106 BC in Arpinum
Assasinated on December 7, 43 near Formiae
Most famous for giving the four Catalinarian orations (In Catalinam).
Cicero was born into an aristrocratic family and had one younger brother, Quintus. At 16, he did his military service in the Social War. In 79 BC, he went to Athens and Rhodes to continue his education. Cicero had two children, Tullia and Marcus, with his first wife Terentia. After he divorced her, he married Publilia, but their marriage only lasted one year. Cicero became very sad after Tullia died in 45 BC, never fully recovered, and began to write essays such as De Senectute (about old age) and De Amicitia (about friendship).
In 70 BC, he was elected Quaestor, the lowest step of the cursus honorum, of Sicily and gained the Silicians' favor. Five years later they asked him to defend them against Verres and due to his talent, they won and he surpassed Hortensius as the greatest orator of his time. In 69 BC, he was elected Aedile and in 66 BC, Praetor, the second step of the cursus honorum. In 63 BC, he completed the cursus honorum by being elected consul, and informed the senate of Cataline's conspiracy to take over the Roman state by force. For his efforts to stop the conspiracy he was given the title Pater Patria. However, in 57 BC he was sent into exile in Northern Greece by the tribune Clodius (a man who he testified against in the Bona Dea trial) for putting five of Cataline's conspirators to death without a trial. He was recalled from exile one year later. Cicero was proscribed along with his brother by Antony for writing the 14 Philippics against him. Then on December 7th he was beheaded near his home in Formiae.