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 !   Bahasa Indonesia

Indonesia has a population of more than 230 millions, spreaded across about 17000 islands. The Austronesian component (94% of the total) counts 480 languages, many of which are very different for vocabulary and grammar.

During the Dutch colonial period, the newly founded Indonesian National Party launched the patriotic slogan “One nation: Indonesia, one people: Indonesian, one language: Indonesian”, and a minor language - Malay - became the language laboratory of an arising nation.

Malay had been used for centuries as a lingua franca in many parts of the archipelago, thus giving it the political advantage of belonging to no one. The term Bahasa Indonesia (language of I.), which refers to a modified form of Malay, was coined by Indonesian nationalists in 1928 and became a symbol of national unity during the struggle for independence.

Since then, many intellectuals and writers have actively developed literary Indonesian, regularizing and simplifying its phonetics and grammar and enriching its vocabulary by a number of borrowings and new terminology. A lot of foreign words (especially Dutch and English) have been adopted and modified to fit the Indonesian phonetic rules, e.g. "doktor", "polisi", "foto", "paspor", "musik".

Bahasa Indonesia is grammatically simple with no conjugations, no tenses, and no declensions. Unlike the other major languages of Asia, it is not written with ideographic characters or complex syllabic scripts, but with the same alphabet as European languages.

Today it is the language of government bureaucracy, schools and higher education, media and interethnic communication, with more than 170 million speakers in Indonesia, plus Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Thailand.

Why has Indonesian succeeded?

  1. Near countries were also unable to implement an indigenous national language: India, Malaysia, Philippines
  2. Nationalism's leverage
  3. There was not a dominant language
  4. Malay was already a Lingua Franca, and the home language of none
  5. Easy to learn - naturalistic language
  6. Language of Education, media and commerce.

Indonesia ha un population de plus que 230 milliones, dispersate per circa 17000 insulas. Le componente Austronesian (94% del total) include 480 linguas, multos del quales es multo differente per vocabulario e grammatica.

Durante le periodo colonial hollandese, le justo fundate Partito Nationale Indonesian lanceava le slogan patriotic "Un nation: Indonesia, un populo: Indonesiano, un lingua: Indonesian", e un lingua minor - le Malay - deveniva le laboratorio de lingua pro un nation nascente.

Malay esseva utilisate per seculos como lingua franc in plure partes de le archipelago, e assi presentava le avantage politic de pertiner a nemo. Le termino Bahasa Indonesia (lingua de I.), que se refere a un forma modificate de le Malay, esseva inventate per le nationalistas indonesian in 1928 e deveniva un symbolo de unitate national durante le lucta pro independentia.

Postea, plure intellectuales e scriptores developpava activemente le Indonesian litterari, regularisante e simplificante su phonetica e grammatica, e inricchente su vocabulario con aliquot prestos e nove terminologia.

Multe vocabulos estranie (specialmente hollandese e anglese) esseva acceptate e modificate pro adaptar los al regulas phonetic indonesian, e.g. "doktor", "polisi", "foto", "paspor", "musik".

Bahasa Indonesia es grammaticalmente simple, sin conjugationes, tempores e declinationes. Differentemente de altere principal linguas de Asia, illo non es scribite con characteres ideographic o complexe scripturas syllabic, ma con le ipse alphabeto que le linguas europee.

Hodie illo es le lingua de le bureaucratia governative, scholas e education superior, media e communication interethnic, con plus de 170 milliones de parlantes in Indonesia, plus illes de Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Thailanda.

Perque le Indonesian succedeva?

  1. Etiam le pais vicin (India, Malaysia, Philippines) esseva incapace de actuar un lingua national indigena
  2. per le pression de nationalismo
  3. il non existeva un lingua dominante
  4. le Malay esseva jam un lingua franc, e le lingua national de nemo
  5. facile a apprender - lingua naturalistic
  6. lingua de education, media e commercio.

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