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19 January 1862, Kentucky, War Between the States

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Brig. Gen. George Henry Thomas - about 4400 effectives


2nd Brigade - Col. Mahlon D. Manson

        10th Ind. Inf. - Lt. Col.William Kise

710 effectives

        4th Ky. Inf. - Col. Speed Smith Fry (w)


        Co. C, 14th Ohio Inf. - Capt. J. W. Brown


3rd Brigade - Col. Robert L. McCook (w)
        2nd Minn. Inf. - Col. Horatio Van Cleve (minus Co. A) 500
        9th Ohio Inf. - Maj. Gustave Kammerling 628

12th Brigade - Col. Samuel Powhatan Carter
        12th Ky. Inf. - Col. William A. Hoskins                               478
        1st Tenn. Inf. - Col. Robert K. Byrd                                    610
        2nd Tenn. Inf. - Col. J. P. T. Carter 442
        1st Ky. Cav. - Col. Frank Wolford (Cos. A, B, C, H)         250

Btty. B, 1st Ohio Arty. - Capt. William E. Standart
     (6 guns - rifled 6-pounders?)
Btty. C, 1st Ohio Arty. - Capt. Dennis Kenny, Jr.
     (six James rifles - probably rifled 6-pounders; possibly only
      four of the guns were rifled, the other two smoothbore)
9th Ohio Btty. - Capt. Henry Shepard Wetmore
     (two 10-pounder Parrotts, two 12-pounder howitzers)

NOTE: Numbers shown are from Battle, Perrin, and Kniffin, Kentucky: A History of the State. Louisville: F.A. Battey, 1885, Part 1, p. 391.


US troops present at Logan’s Crossroads, but not directly engaged in the battle:

Co. A, 2nd Minn. Inf. - Capt. Judson Bishop (on picket duty; engaged in pursuit to Beech Grove)
Co. A, 38th Ohio Inf. - Capt. Charles Greenwood (camp guard; engaged in pursuit to Beech Grove)
Cos. D, F, and G, 1st Mich. Engrs. and Mechanics - Lt. Col. K. A. Hunton (camp guard)
   (follow this link for further info on the 1st Michigan Engineers and Mechanics)


US reinforcements, arrived after the battle, engaged in the pursuit to Beech Grove:

1st Brigade - Brig.Gen. Albin Schoepf
    17th Ohio Inf. - Col. John M. Connell
    31st Ohio Inf. - Col. Moses B. Walker
    38th Ohio Inf. - Col. Edwin D. Bradley

(2nd Brigade)
    10th Ky. Inf. - Col. John M. Harlan
    14th Ohio Inf. - Col. James B. Steedman


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Maj. Gen. George Bibb Crittenden - about 5900 effectives

1st Brigade - Brig. Gen. Felix Kirk Zollicoffer (KIA)
    15th Miss. Inf. - Lt. Col. Edward Cary Walthall 854 effectives
    19th Tenn. Inf. - Col. David H. Cummings 676
    20th Tenn. Inf. - Col. Joel Allen Battle 694
    25th Tenn. Inf. - Col. Sidney Smith Stanton (w) 683
    Tenn. Btty. - Capt. Arthur Middleton Rutledge - 6 guns 140
        (four 6-pounders and two 12-pound howitzers; only the four
        6-pounders used in the battle)
    Tenn. Cav. Co. - Capt. William Scott Bledsoe   84
    Tenn. Cav. Co. - Capt. Q. C. "Ned" Sanders/Saunders   71
    Ky. Cav. Co. - Capt. B. E. Roberts (w/ Bledsoe & Sanders)    ?


2nd Brigade - Brig. Gen. William Henry Carroll
    16th Ala. Inf. - Col. William B. Wood 378
    17th Tenn. Inf. - Lt. Col. Thomas C. H. Miller 338
    28th Tenn. Inf. - Col. John Porry Murray 748
    29th Tenn. Inf. - Col. Samuel Powell (w) 493   
    Tenn. Btty. (Caswell Artillery) - Capt. Hugh L. W. McClung - 4 guns   83
        (two 6-pounders and two 12-pound howitzers; only two guns listed in the advance to Logan’s Crossroads; apparently none actually used in the battle)
    4th Tenn. Cav. Bn. - Lt. Col. Benjamin M. Branner                                          336
    5th Tenn. Cav. Bn. - Lt. Col. George R. McClellan 315

NOTE: Numbers shown are from Zollicoffer's report of  7 Jan. 1862 (OR I, 7, p. 824).


Confederate forces present at Mill Springs (south side of the river), but not engaged in the battle:

   37th Tennessee Infantry  -  Col. Moses White
         (crossed the river during the battle, and engaged in the defense of Beech Grove)
   1st Tenn. Cav. Bn.  -  Lt. Col. Frank Nathaniel McNairy (may have been present at Beech Grove)
   2 companies of the 3rd Tenn. Cav. Bn.  -  Lt. Col. William Brazleton
   Tenn. Btty. (Harding Artillery)  -  Capts. G. H. Monserratt and Ed Baxter (4 or 6 guns)



Reports in Official Records, Ser. I, Vol. 7, pp. 79-116; 824.

Battle, J.H., W.H. Perrin, and G.C. Kniffin, Kentucky: A History of the State. Louisville: F. A. Battey, 1885, Part 1, p. 391.

Lindsley, John B., The Military Annals of Tennessee, Confederate: First Series. Nashville: J. M. Lindsley & Co., 1886, pp. 794-795.

Reid, Whitelaw, Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen Generals and Soldiers. Vol. II. Columbus: Eclectic Publishing Co., 1893, pp. 893, 895.

Witham, George, Shiloh, Shells and Artillery Units. Memphis: Riverside Press, 1980, pp. 81-84.

Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky: Confederate Kentucky Volunteers, War 1861-65. Vol. I. Frankfort, 1915, pp. 676-677.

York, Capt. Harrison B., Record of the 9th Independent Battery, Ohio Veteran Vol. Artillery. Cleveland: Fairbanks, Benedict & Co., 1864.


 Compiled by Geoffrey R. Walden, 1997; copyright 1997-1999, Geoffrey R. Walden; all rights reserved.


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Note01.gif (1719 bytes)   Send comments and information to the page author.  I am always interested in hearing from others who have information to share on this battle and the soldiers who fought it.

Email1.gif (1209 bytes)   Send your comments to Geoff Walden at gwalden (at) windstream.net.

All contents copyright 1998-2007, Geoffrey R. Walden; all rights reserved.  Except where noted, all text and photos are property of the page author, and may not be reproduced in any form without permission.  I gratefully acknowledge the permissions of the owners of other photos and articles used on the Battle of Mill Springs / Fishing Creek Homepage.
I especially wish to thank Laura Cook of the Orphan Brigade Homepage for her advice and clipart.

Last updated on:  04 September 2002

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