|Welcome to my
Political Freemasonry Research Homepage!
|Please take a look at the book,
The Democratisation of France, 1840-1901: Sociabilite, Freemasonry and Radicalism.
It serves as a program to what I am intending to do here. My goal is to shape this site as a center for political Freemasonry studies and research. I plan to put here a lot of staff you will be interested in. So, why not take a look around and enjoy. I add new material regularly to keep my site fresh, so check back often!
Order Avner Halpern's The Democratisation of France
Chapter 1: The Idea of Sociabilite and Association
In the course of the 1820's, Masonic public opinion was generally opposed to the Restoration regime. It was a passive resistance, which didn't manifest itself in deeds, because the Freemasons were afraid that the "Grand Orient de France" (GO) would be abolished. The law's prohibition of conducting discussions of a political or a religious nature was respected, for fear of informers. However, there existed all the time a few republican lodges. In 1821 one of them introduced certain innovations in its Masonic protocol of ceremonies. They were based on rational grounds and introduced free political debates, expressing highly critical opinions of the regime and the Church, and gave vent to extreme Republican aspirations. These debates attracted hundreds of new recruits which were initiated by great numbers. An insurrection attempt by two Republican lodges failed in 1822. Some of the leaders escaped to Italy where they joined the revolutionary Carbonari movement. Upon their return they imported the idea to France and founded secret societies. These Charbonnerie societies terrorized the regime for a while but were soon liquidated. More...
U.S. Recognition of French Grand Lodges in the 1900s
Nothing seems to cause as much dispute among American Freemasons as the subject of recognition and regularity (with the possible exception of race and freemasonry). Yet masons need more facts to understand these subject. The purpose of this article is to provide some of these facts about the recognition of French grand lodges by United States grand lodges in the 1900s, and to suggest questions for further thought and research.
Grand Orient de France Site - The Website of the GODF.
C M R C - Canonbury Masonic Research Centre
French Freemasonry - A very nice site on French Freemasonry
Email me! Avner Halpern