Correspondences of Four

Element EARTH or WATER or AIR or FIRE or
Qualities Cold & dry, very heavy, passive.
Receptive (yin).
Cold & moist, heavy, passive.
Receptive (yin).
Hot & moist, light, active.
Projective (yang).
Hot & dry, very light, active.
Projective (yang).
Basic nature Fertile, moist, nurturing, stabilising, grounding Flowing, cleansing, healing, soothing, loving Floating, moving, fresh, intelligent, suspending Purifying, destroying, energetic, sexual, forceful
Rules The body, growth, nature, sustenance, material gain, money, fertility, birth, death, gravity, silence, rocks, standing stones, crystals, jewels, metals, wealth, abundance, wisdom. Emotions, love, courage, nurture, sensitivity, psychic ability, healing, sorrow, life-giving and life-destroying, the ocean, the tides, the unconscious mind, the womb. The mind, all mental, intuitive and psychic work, knowledge, abstract learning, theory, rebirth, beginnings, imagination, belief, wind, breath, poetry, sound. Energy, spirit, heat, flame, blood, sap, life, will, healing and destroying, purification, bonfires, hearth fires, candle flames, the sun, eruptions, explosions, sexual energy, passion, quick active energy, anger, power, inspiration, desire.
Time of day DuskMidnightDawnMidday
Season Autumn Winter Spring Summer
The old festivals Lammas Samhain Candlemas Beltane
Stage of the life cycle Old ageBetween death and birth (conception)YouthSexual maturity
Moon phase WaningOldWaxingFull
Colours Green, brown, orange, black, white, the four colours of malkuth Blue, brownish grey, green, turquoise, sea green, pinkish blue, grey, indigo, black Yellow, white, crimson, blue-white, blue, silver, grey, pastels Red, gold, crimson, orange, white, scarlet, fuscia, maroon
Elemental creatures Gnomes, ruled by King Ghob Undines, ruled by Queen Necksa Sylphs, ruled by King Paralda Salamanders, ruled by King Djin
. . . known by Paracelsus as Pygmies Nymphs Aerei Sylphs
Elementals attracted by Salts and powders Water, washes, solutions Oils and incenses Candles, lamps, incense, fire
The principle of Law (and of course lore)LoveLifeLight
Goddesses Ceres, Demeter, Gaea, Mah, Persephone, Nephthys, Bhawana (Prithivi), Rhea, Rheannon. Aphrodite, Isis, Mariamne, Mari, Tiamat Aditi, Aradia, Arianhrod, Cardea, Nuit, Urania. Brigit, Hestia, Pele, Vesta.
Gods Adonis, Athos, Arawn, Cernunnos, Dionysus, Marduk, Pan, Tammuz. Dylan, Ea, Llyr, Manannan, Oceanus, Osiris, Neptune, Posiedon Enlil, Kephera, Mercury, Shu, Thoth, Vayu, Zeus. Atar, Agni, Frey, Gibil, Hephaestus, Horus, Logi, Vulcan.
Zodiacal signs
Planets Earth, Saturn , fixed stars Moon, Venus Mercury, Jupiter Mars, Sun
The sense of TouchTasteSmellSight
Of energy flows Energy containedConduction of energyConvection of energyRadiance of energy
State of matter SolidLiquidGasEnergy
Principle of change Slowing, solidifyingMetamorphosisMovementQuickening, disintegration
Magical phrase Tacere, to keep silent Audere, to dare Noscere, to know Velle, to will
Magic tools Pentacle, cords, scourge, shield, horn Cup, cauldron, mirror Wand, censor, rod or staff Athame, sword, candle
Other tools and weapons Shield, horn, trowel, pick, awl, mace, war hammer Bowl, trident, net Fan, flag, streamer, spear, bow Match, axe
Resins StoraxMyrrh, OnychaGalbanumOlibanum
Scents Storax, Benzoin Myrrh, chamomile Mints, eucalyptus Cinnamon, frankincense
Stones and Gems Rock salt, coal, emerald, peridot, other green stones, onyx, bloodstone, tourmalanted quartz. Heavy, opaque. Aquamarine, beryl, amethyst, azurite, blue lace agate, pearl, coral, lapis lazuli, moonstone, sodalite. Clear, hard. Topaz, chalcedony, yellow fluorite, crystals, alexandrite, sapphire, yellow or blue stones, rainbow stones. Polished, transparent. Fire opal, volcanic rock, ruby, carnelian, rhodochrosite, agates. Shining, glittering.
Metals Lead, ironSilver, copperMercury, tinGold, brass
Trees The oakThe willowThe aspenThe flowering almond
Plants Alfalfa, apples, barley, comfrey, corn, cotton, ivy, lichen, moss, nuts, oats, patchouly, red poppy, rice, rye, thrift plant, vertivert, wheat Aloe, cucumber, dulse, ferns, gardenia, lettuce, lily, lotus, melon, mosses, rushes, seaweed, waterlillies, willow, all water plants Almond, broom, clover, eyebright, frankincense, japanese maple, lavendar, mistletoe, myrrh, orange blossom, pansy, pine, primrose, vervain, violet, yarrow Allspice, basil, bay laurel, blood root, carnation, coriander, dragon's blood, garlic, ginger, hibiscus, marigold, mustard, nettle, onion, orange, pepper, red peppers, red poppies, sassafron, tobacco
Places Mountains, caves, fields, chasms, groves, forests, gardens, kitchens Oceans, rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, waterfalls, beaches, springs and wells, bedroom (for sleep) Windswept hills, plains, windy beaches, high mountain peaks, high towers, tree tops, bluffs, sky, airplanes, schools, libraries, offices Deserts, volcanoes, ovens, fireplaces, bedroom (for sex), hot springs
Animals Cattle, bison, ox, snakes (earth-dwelling), stag, mouse, dog, ant, bear, wolf Dragon, dolphin, fish, sea serpents, sea mammals, water-dwelling snakes, sea birds, frog, turtle, otter, seal, swan, crab Birds, eagle, gryphon, owl, hawk, dove Lion, Fire-breathing dragons, snakes, lizards, bee, centaur, fox, ram
Symbolic creatures Bull, sphynx Scorpion, snake Eagle, human Lion
Symbols Mountain, cave, gem, field, rock, cornucopia, spindle, scythe Waterfall, all bodies of water, waves, fog, rain, well, shell, boat, ship's wheel, anchor, cup, bath Sky, wind, cloud, incense, bird, bell, flute Sun, stars, volcano, lightening, flame, fire-pot, double-headed axe
Hindu Tattva Prithivi Apas Vayu Tejas (Agni)
Chinese Digram
Celtic colour BlackGreyRedWhite
Four magical treasures of the Tuatha De Danaan Stone of Destiny Cauldron of Dagda Spear of Lugh Sword of Nuada
Of the ancient Celtic parts of man The bodyThe soulThe egoThe spirit
Parts of the body Bones, sex organs Stomach Chest, lungs, throat Head
Types of magic Fertility magic, tree magic, herb lore, rune magic, cord magic, feng shuei, image magic. Love, mirror magic, purification, healing, divination, dream magic, spiritualism, creating and working with charged water. Finding lost or stolen objects, magic of the four winds, visualisations, divination, invocation, numerology, shamanic journeys. Tantra, healing, candle magic, fire scrying, colour magic.
Ritual forms Burying, planting, making images in the dirt or sand, walking over miles of countryside while visualising the need, carving runes. Bathing, tea ceremonies, washing, dilution Tossing objects into the air, suspending tools in high places, breathing, meditation, singing, chanting, writing, numerology. Burning images or herbs.
Tarot suit PentaclesCupsWandsSwords
Tarot trump WorldHanged manFoolJudgement
Court cards Pages Queens Knights Kings
In Arthurian legend Merlin and the round table Guinevere and the grail Launcelot and the lance Arthur and the sword
Of the kiss The lipsThe salivaThe breathThe tongue
Musical Instruments Sistrum, drums, all percussion instruments Harp Flute, organ, all winded instruments Lute, guitar, all stringed instruments
Planes of existence The physical plane The astral plane The mental plane The spiritual plane
Mode of perceiving (Jungian) Sensation Intuition Thinking Feeling
Mode of thinking Belief Emotion, free thought Intellect, higher logic Will
Mode of influencing Power Beauty Intellect Charisma
Stage in the ladder of existence To understand To know To live To be
Mathematical fundamental Volume Plane Line Point
Polyhedron Cube Dodecahedron Octahedron Icosahedron
Alchemical substance Salt Water Mercury Sulphur
Humour Black Bile Phlegm Blood Yellow Bile
Active temperaments Respectability, endurance, consideration, stability, resolution, firmness, sobriety, objectivity, scrupulousness, resistance, thoroughness, punctuality, confidence, responsibility, circumspection. Devotion, respectability, modesty, compassion, docility, seriousness, fervour, cordiality, calmness, comprehension, confiding, meditation, forgiveness, tenderness. Diligence, clearness, optimism, cheerfulness, independance, adroitness, lack of grief, kindness, joy, familiarity, communicativeness, capacity for penetrating. Activity, eagerness, enthusiasm, resolution, courage, productivity, energy, faithfulness.
Passive temperaments Insipidity, unscrupulousness, dullness, misanthropy, tardiness, unreliability, laconism Apathy, indifference, shyness, depression, laziness Contempt, gossiping, slyness, lack of endurance, dishonesty, garrulity, fickleness, selfishness, defensiveness, inattentiveness. Gluttony, jealousy, passion, irritability, intemperance, destructiveness, stubbornness, greed, vengefulness, anger, resentment, aggression, posessiveness, egotism.
Hebrew name AretzMiamRuachEsh
grammaton (YHVH)
He (final)HeVauYod
Archangel Uriel/Auriel Aretziel (Uriel of earth)
Uriel = "Fire of God"; Auriel = "Light of God"
Gabriel Maimel (Gabriel of water)
Gabriel = "Strength of God"
Raphael Ruachel (Raphael of air)
Raphael = "Healing of God"
Michael Ashel (Michael of fire)
Michael = the war-cry "Who is God?"
Angel PhorlakhTaliahadChassanAral
Kabbalistic worlds Assiah (material world) Briah (creative world) Yetzirah (formative world) Atziluth (archetypal / originative world)
Governer Kerub Tharsis Ariel Seraph
Sephira Malkuth Binah Tiphareth Chockmah
Kabbalistic path 32 bis (from kether to malkuth)231131
Hebrew mother letter ----MemAlephShin
Evangelist Luke John Matthew Mark
Tetramorph OxEagleManLion
Holy trinity and daughter Mother (Holy Spirit) Daughter (God in man; the word incarnate) Son Father
Egyptian elemental king Apephi (an ape) Kabexnaf (a hawk) Ameshet (a young man) Toumathph (a jackal)
Enochian word Nanta Hcoma Exarp Bitom
Enochian divine name Mor Dial Hctga Mph Arsl Gaiol Oro Ibah Aozpi Oip Teaa Pdoce
Enochian supreme elemental king Thahaaotahe Thahebyobiaatan Tahoeloj Ohooohatan
Hebrew God name Adonai ha Eretz (Lord of the Earth) Elohim Tzabaoth (God (who is male and female, one and many) of Hosts) Shaddai El Chai (Living Mother God) Yahweh Tzabaoth (God manifest in Hosts)
River of Eden Phrath (Euphrates) Gihon Hiddikel (Tigris) Pison
River of Hell Acheron Styx Cocytus Phlegethon
Spirit of Theophrastus Menealop Amadich Emachiel Damalech
Name of season Ardarael (Autumn) Farlas (Winter) Talvi (Spring) Casmaran (Summer)
Angels of the Seasons Tarquam, Gualbarel Amabael, Ctarari Caracasa, Amatiel, Comisoros Gargatel, Tariel, Gaviel
Rulers of the signs of the Seasons Torquaret Altarib Spugliguel Tubiel
Seasonal Ruler of the Sun Abragini Commutaf Abraym Athemay
Seasonal Ruler of the Moon Matasignais Affaterim Agusta Armatas
Name of the Earth Rabianira Gerenia Amadai Festatui
Species Stones Metals Plants Animals
Kind of animal Creeping Swimming Winged Crawling
Parts of plants Roots Leaves Flowers Seeds
Sublime celestial signs Pantheon , Erim , Naim Basan , Zarnech , Elisan Confor , Error , Saffor Thaar , Corona , Hermon

The Directions and the Four Winds

You will notice that the directions have not been included in the above table. This is because the directions are associated differently by different people. A common system is:
Northern Hemisphere
Water Air    
Southern Hemisphere
Water Air    
Another common method is to associate the directions with the elements based on the prevailing winds:
The wind that is hot and moist comes from the direction of Air.
The wind that is hot and dry comes from the direction of Fire
The wind that is cold and dry comes from the direction of Earth
The wind that is cold and wet comes from the direction of Water

The Celtic names of the four winds are:
cold & dry
cold & wet
hot & moist
hot & dry
The classical names of the four winds are:
Boreas (or Ophion or Aquilo)
Zephyrus Eurus    
Notus (or Auster)
The Principal Spirits of the four parts of the world are:
Moymon Bael    

The Athame and the Wand, Fire and Air

In some magical traditions, particularly the Golden Dawn, the dagger and sword are not seen as tools of fire, but rather tools of air. Similarly, the wand and staff are not seen as tools of air, but rather tools of fire. By this system the tarot suit of wands symbolises fire and the suit of swords symbolises air.

The Times and Seasons

By some traditions, the passage of time, life cycles, seasons, etc, runs: Air (dawn, birth, spring), Fire (midday, youth, summer), Water (evening, decline, autumn), Earth (midnight, death, winter)

The Fifth Element

The fifth element is really the first element, for it is spirit, akasha, kether, nyu, the most basic substance of the cosmos from which all else is formed. It is present in all things and all places; it is the universal spirit of which all our spirits form parts; it is the universal soul which is Godhead.
Consider this mystery: the planes of existence as we understand them start with Akasha, pass through the elements, the physical plane, the ethereal and the astral planes, up to the spiritual planes. It is said that the higher planes are closer to the source, to Godhead. And yet Godhead in its entirety is contained within akasha. I am reminded of the descent of emanations from Kether on the tree of life. The last emination, Malkuth, echoes the source, Kether.
All this aside, Spirit is rarely used in magical workings, for magic generally operates on certain distinct forces in nature, while in universal spirit there are no distinctions.
The life cycle The greater body of all life, beyond individual births and deaths Old ageBetween death and birth, conceptionYouthSexual maturity
Goddesses Isis, Shekinah, the secret name of the Goddess . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gods Akasha, EAO, YHVH . . . . . . . . . . . .
The sense of Hearing TouchTasteSmellSight
Of energy flows Source of all energy Energy containedConduction of energyConvection of energyRadiance of energy
Principle of change Changeless Slowing, solidifyingMetamorphosisMovementQuickening, disintegration
Magic tools Lamp, bell Pentacle, cords, scourge Cup, cauldron, mirror Wand, censor, rod or staff Athame, sword, candle
Stones and Gems All crystals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metals Meteoritic metalLead, ironSilver, copperMercury, tinGold, brass
Plants Mistletoe. . .. . .. . .. . .
Animals Sphynx, dragon, gargoyle . . . . . . . . . . . .
Symbols Spiral, the cosmos . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hindu Tattvas Akasha (space) Prithivi Apas Vayu Tejas
Tarot suit The major Arcana PentaclesCupsWandsSwords
Polyhedron Tetrahedron Cube Dodecahedron Octahedron Icosahedron
Hebrew name Eth (Ath) AretzMiamRuachEsh
grammaton (YHShVH)
ShinHe (final)HeVauYod
Archangel Metatron UrielGabrielRaphaelMichael
Sephira Kether Malkuth Binah Tiphareth Chockmah
Hebrew God name Eheieh (existence) or AGLA (Ateh Gibor Le-olam Adonai, Thou art mighty for ever, O Lord) Adonai ha Eretz Elohim Tzabaoth Shaddai El Chai Yahweh Tzabaoth

This table contains some of my collection of elemental correspondences. Some of my collection is adapted from the work of others. I have lost several of my sources, but some prominent ones were: Lady Morgan at Witches' Brew, who in particular gives great suggestions for ritual-forms. Starhawk's Spiral Dance, via a small table posted at GreenPages. Ed Fitch's "A Grimoire of Shadows" for some of the 'temperaments'. Some of the really obscure items come from old magical grimoires, and are included largely for novelty's sake, although they could come in handy some day.
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