KSU LOGO
SEJARAH DAN PENERANGAN RINGKAS
ST. JOHN AMBULANS
MALAYSIA


AM

St. John Ambulans Malaysia telah diperbadankan dibawah UNDANG-UNDANG MALAYSIA, AKTA 74, yang dikenali sebagai AKTA)Perbadanan) St. John Ambulans Malaysia 1972.

Dibawah Akta ini telah dibuat Kaedah-Kaedah St. John Ambulans 1973 yang telah dikeluarkan dalam Warta Kerajaan Jil. 17 NO. 25 Tambahan No. 63 PERUNDANGAN (A) bertarikh 6hb. Disember 1973

Kelakuan dan perlantikan serta lencana/lambang dan uniform Perbadanan ini adalah dikawal dibawah AKTA ini.

Secara Amnya organisasi perbadanan ini terbahagi kepada tiga peringkat :

  1.         Peringkat Kebangsaan
  2.         Peringkat Negeri/Wilayah
  3.         Peringkat Kawasan
Di peringkat Kawasan ia terdiri dari Division yang mempunyai keanggotaan mengikut status division. Walaubagaimana  atas pertimbangan  Pemerintah pada umur 16 tahun seseorang boleh dimasukkan ke dalam Division Dewasa.

Seseorang yang menjadi ahli St. John Ambulans boleh bertukar dari satu Division kepada Division/Kawasan dalam mana-mana tempat dalam Malaysia dan luar Malaysia dimana terdapat St. John Ambulans di tempat tersebut.

KAWASAN SELANGOR UTARA

St. John Ambulans Malaysia peringkat Negeri Selangor Darul Ehsan dibahagi kepada 4 kawasan iaitu:

Kawasan Selangor Utara meliputi dua daerah iaitu Kuala Selangor dan Sabak Bernam sila klik disini untuk melihat senarai sekolah dan division yang meliputi Kawasan Selangor Utara

Sila klik pada topik yang berkaitan seperti PERKHIDMATAN YANG DISEDIAKAN, AKTIVITI YANG DIJALANKAN DAN BORANG DAFTAR AHLI

SEJARAH ORDER OF. ST. JOHN SECARA RINGKAS

A.D. 600 - Sejarah St. John bermula

800 - Maharaja Charlemangne telah membina Hospice dengan kebenaran Khalifah Harun Al-Rashid

1010 - Khalifah El-Halim telah memusnahkan semua bangunan. Beliau adalah Raja yang zalim

1023 - Saudagar dari Almalfi telah membeli sebuah tapak Hospice dan membangunkan semula the Order dengan mengambil lambang Republiik Almalfi iaitu bintang Lapan Penjuru

1113 - Pope Paschal LL mengambil Order di bawah naungannya

1291 - The Order dihalau dari Jerussalem, Knights melarikan diri ke Cyprus

1310 - Knights of St. John telah menawan kepulauan Rhodes dan menjadikannya kubu mereka sambil meneruskan tugas murni mereka

1522 - Kepulauan Rhodes ditawan

1530 - Kepulauan Malta diberi kepada Knights of St. John oleh Maharaja Charles V

1798 - Kepulauan Malta ditawan oleh Napoleon

1834 - Order telah dibangunkan semula di England Rev. Sir Robert Peat dilantik sebagai Grand Prior yang pertama

1877 - S.J.A Association ditubuhkan

1882 - St. John Ophtalmic Hospital  ditubuhkan kerana penyakit mata telah berleluasa

1887 - S.J.A. Briged ditubuhkan

1908 - St. John Ambulans ditubuhkan di Malaya

1938 - Bahagian yang pertama dibuka di Johor

1955 - The Order mendapat piawaian diRaja di England dengan nama penuh "The Grand Priory In The British Realm Of The Most Venerable Order Of The Hospital Of St. John Of Jerussalem"

1972 - SJAA dan SJAB telah diperbadankan dan Tan Sri Abdul Kadir bin Shamsuddin dilantik sebagai Pemerintah Agung

01/08/1973 - Akta SJAM diluluskan
 
 

THE ORDER OF ST. JOHN (VERSI INGGERIS)

The order of St. John originated in Jerusalem at the end of the 11th century. It began as a hospice to look after the sick and weary pilgrims visiting the Holy Land. There is no precise date for the founding of the hospice. It was certainly running by the time of the First Crusaders arrived in Jerusalem in 1099. The hospice was administered by a group of monks who took vows of poverty, chastity and obedience and chose St. John the BAPTIST as their patron Saint. By 1113 Pope Paschal I made the Order independent owing allegiance to the Pope only, and Brother Gerard became the first Master of the hospital.

The Knights Hospitaller ensured that patient received the best food and medicine available, and lain down very strict rules in the Statutes - the Order's rule book - concerning the welfare of the patients.

Raymond du Puy succeeded Brother Gerard as Master of the Hospital in 1120. During his rule, the Order took on a military role and acquired many castles from which to defend the territory captured by the Crusaders from Muslim attackers. At first mercenary soldiers were employed to fight; later the Brothers themselves became involved in military activity. The Knights Hospitaller, together with the Knights Templar, played a major part in the defence of the Middle Eastern Kingdoms set up by the Crusaders. By the 13th century, their military role dominated the Hospitallers' activity. In the early 12th century, the Knights were given castles and lands to maintain and garrison. Of those under their command, Krak des Chevaliers was the finest, and was held until 1271, when it was surrendered to the Saracens.

After the fall of Acre, the last of the Crusader states, in 1291, the Knights were forced to leave the Holy Land and sailed to Cyprus. In Cyprus, the Knights' headquarters were in Limassol; they also owned other properties in Nicosia and Kolossi. The present keep of kolossi Castle dates from the mid-15th century. In 1312 the Templars were dissolved and the Hospitallers, the sole remaining military Order in the East, felt the need for a more stable base from which to carry out military and naval activities in the Eastern Mediterranean.

In order to identify themselves in battle, the Knights wore red surcoats with a white cross on their front and back. This cross became the coat-of-arms of the Order. Permission to wear red surcoats in battle and black mantles at other times was granted by Pope Alexander IV in 1259. The Sea Gate, Rhodes, provided an excellent base for the Order's defensive operations against the Turks, particularly at sea. The island was captured between 1306 and 1309 and the Order of St. John soon established itself as the sovereign ruler, providing the native Greek population with protection. Trade flourished and settlers, craftsmen, soldiers and mariners from Western Europe were encouraged to settle on the island.

By the late 15th century the Order was divided at its headquarters into eight national Tongues (or branches): Italy, Spain, France, Auvergne, Provence, Portugal, England and Germany. The eight tongues together formed the Convent of the Order. At the head of each Tongue was a Bailiff, who resided at the headquarters of the Order. Each Bailiff administered a different branch: the Chancery, Treasury, the Hospital and so on. In Europe the Order's estates were divided into Priories. Each Priory had its own headquarters. The headquarters of the English Priory was in Clerkenwell, London. The Priories were further divided into Commanderies - properties owned by the Order to provide goods, recruits and income necessary to support the Order's activities in the Mediterranean.

As Turkish power grew in the Mediterranean, the Knights successfully defended Rhodes against many sea-brone Turkish attacks, in particular a siege in 1480. In 1522, however, they were forced to surrender the island together with their castle at Bodrum on the Turkish coast. Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, recognising the Knights as worthy adversaries,granted the Grand Master and his Knights safe passage from the island. When Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, offered the island of Malta to the Order, the Knights were not enthusiastic. The island's defences were poor and the land was dry and uninviting, although its natural harbours were magnificent. They finally settled in Malta in 1530. The Knights built a new city called Valletta after Grand Master Jean de la Valette. He, at the age of 70, successfully led the defence of the island against the Turks in the Great Siege of 1565. The city was laid out on a classically-inspired grid system which allowed all sides of the walled town to be defended efficiently. The Knights improved the entire defensive system in the island and made Malta one of the most impressive examples of fortifications in Europe.

By the end of the 18th century, the wealth of the Order had decreased, first with the loss of the English properties in 1540 with Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries, and then with the loss of French properties following the Revolution there in 1789. Napoleon encountered little resistance from the Knights on Malta, most of whom were French. The capture of the island signalled the end of the Order as a military force. After a brief period under the protectorship of Tsar Paul I of Russia, the remaining members looked to the Pope for support and finally, in 1834, they settled in Rome. The direct descendant of the medieval religious Hospitallers is the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, the Order of the Catholic church, which has a humanitarian and charitable role.

THE ORDER IN ENGLAND

In 1540 Henry VIII dissolved the Order in England. It was the last of the monastic institutions to be suppressed by the Crown. At the instigation of some French Knights, the idea of the Order in England was revived in the early 19th century. Its members looked for a useful role in the tradition of the Hospitallers. The Geneva Convention of 1864 dealt with the humane care of battlefield casualties. The members of the 19th century English Order of St. John realised that there was no similar system for the treatment of accident victims in civilian life and for those working in heavy industry. In 1877 they founded the St. John Ambulance Association, whose aims were to train the public at work and at home in First Aid and ambulance transport.

In 1887 the St. John Ambulance Brigade was established with those people trained in First Aid who wished to provide a service to the community. The Brigade also provided trained personnel during times of war, including the Boer War and the First and Second World Wars. The activities of the Brigade and the Association merged in 1968 under the collective name of St. John Ambulance.

The Brigade's first public duty was to provide First Aid cover for Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee celebrations in 1887. One of the Brigade's aims was to provide trained personnel as reserve to the Armed Forces Medical Services in time of war. They first did this during the South African War, 1899-1902. During the First and Second World Wars, St. John joined with the British Red Cross Society, under Joint Committees, to provide Voluntary Aid Detachment personnel (VADs), to staff hospitals for casualties, and provide humanitarian services for prisoners-of-war, and auxiliary medical services to the general public.

In 1882 the British Order of St. John founded a Hospital in Jerusalem, in the tradition of caring for the sick established by the Knights Hospitaller in the 12th century. It was the first hospital to concentrate on eye diseases, as these were very prevalent in the Middle East.

In recognition of the success of the Order, the establishment of an eye hospital in Jerusalem, and the foundation of the Association and Brigade, Queen Victoria granted the English Order a Charter in 1888. On 14 May the first Royal Charter was issued to "The Grand Priory of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem" recognising it as an official Order of Chivalry. The Queen became Patron and Sovereign Head of the Order and the Prince of Wales, Grand Prior. Today, the Sovereign Head is Her Majesty the Queen and the Grand Prior, HRH Richard, Duke of Gloucester. Started from that day, the lions and unicorns was granted by the British Crown to add between the angles of the Cross in order to show that it is a Royal Order.

In March 1922, Brigade Order 416 inaugurated the Cadet Branch of the Brigade. At first the terms "Boy Cadets" and "Girl Cadets" were used but in 1942 the titles were changed to Ambulance and Nursing Cadets.

In 1960 a new Hospital was opened with the support of many Arab countries. Recently, a smaller clinic has opened in the Gaza strip. The Hospital provides treatment free of charge to all, irrespective of race, creed and colour. In an average year it carries out 5,000 eye operations and treat 45,000 out patient. The Hospital also has a training school for post-graduate doctors and Arab nurse, and a Research Institute. It continues its Outreach programme of visiting remote places to detect eye diseases at an early stage and training villagers in primary health care. The Hospital is almost entirely supported by donations, and further help is always needed.



KE MENU UTAMA

hakcipta terpelihara SJAMKSU. Segala peniruan adalah dilarang.



Hosting by WebRing.