TAMIL PAGE LINK
SANKATA MOCHAN HANUMAN
sri subramanya swamy
Thirty six in Hindi is Chhattis, garh is fort, house etc, and hence the
region which had thirty six forts was known as Chhattisgarh. This region
which was part of Madhya Pradesh was curved out and a new state in the name
of Chhattisgarh with Raipur as capital of the state was formed on 1st
November 2000. Though it a common belief that there are thirty six forts but
there are forty eight forts in the region. This region has its historical
importance and was part of Kosal. It was under Mourya Kingdom and also
Haihaya Kings. But the name of Chhattisgarh is not given in any record or
inscription and it is more probable that the name is a corruption of
Chedishgarh, meaning the forts of the lord of Chedi.
The city was once capital of Haihaya Kings, who were controlling the
traditional forts of the Chattisgarh. Even today one can see the ruins of the
old site and ruins of fort in the southern part of the city. It is beliced
that the King Ramachandra of Kalchuri dynasty has founded the city after his
son Brahmdeo Rai as “Raipur” and subsequently his son made it the capital of
his kingdom. There are historians who opine Brahmdeo Rai had established this
city in his name and shifted his capital from Khalwatika (now Khallari). The
traditional importance was never lost for the city when it was attached to
Central Province during Raj or Madhya Pradesh after independence. Today it
had regained the glory of the Capital of a State.
Temples in Raipur
Though there are many temples today in the city of Raipur, the most revered
by many are Jagannath, Mahamaya, Vivekananda Ashram, Dudhadhari temple,
Dudhadhari Matt, Balaji Mandir, Sankatmochan Hanuman, Ram Panchayatan and Vir
Hanuman temples. Out of these last six temples are centered on the ancient
and most revered Dudhadhari Mutt.
The name Dudhadhari
There lived a mahant by name Swami Balbhadra Das who was an adorent devotee
of Lord Hanuman. He was worshiping a swayambu Hanuman. He will offer milk as
prasand to Hanumanji and the prasand he used to drink. As per the lore a cow
by name “Surhi” will visit the Mahant daily and offer her milk for Lord
Hanuman. In the course of time Mahant Swami Balbhadra Das was taking that
milk only as food, hence he was called “Dudh-Ahari”.
Mahant Swami Balbhara Das had great following. The king of his time Sri Raghu
Raoji Bhosle, ruler of Nagpur region under whose jurisdiction the Raipur fell
was an adorent follower of Mahant Swami Balbhara Dasji. The king was a great
devotee of Sri Vishnu and wanted to build a temple for Sri Balaji at Raipur.
He expressed his desire to Mahantji and as per advice of Mahantji it was
decided to build the temple in the vicinity of Dudhadhari Mutt. An elegant
temple for Sri Balaji was built in the year 1610 A.D. in the site near the
place where Mahant Swami Balbhara Das was living. Walls are adorned with
beautiful painting from the life Sri Rama. Even today we can see the well
preserved paintings. Presently there are some shaligrams which are in the
place of worship in the Mandir.
Sankata Mochan Hanuman
Few days after building of the Sri Balaji temple just behind to the sannathi
of Hanuman worshiped by Mahant Dudhadhari a miracle happened. Sri Hanuman who
is an adorent Rambaktha just turned His face to see Sri Balaji [Vishnu- Sri
Rama] while his body remained the same way. Therefore this temple is unique
that the temple doorway and stairway do not face in the same direction as is
the case of most temples. While the doors are facing towards south [towards
Sri Balaji], the stairs are facing north. One can see this unique ancient
Hanuman even today in the same posture. The Hanuman of this temple who had
been worshipped by Swami Dudhadhari is named Sankata Mochan Hanuman, for He
fences the ordeals faced by the devotees.
Just besides the Sri Balaji temple a beautiful temple for Sri Ram parivar had
been built by Sri Jagannath Sav, twenty years after establishment of Sri
Balaji temple. Originally the statues of Sri Rama, Sita ma, Bharat, Lakshmana,
Shatrugan, made of wood were installed in the temple. Since the temple had
five members of Sri Ram parivar, the temple got the name Sri Rampanchayatan.
In the year 1922 this temple under went renovation and the main wooden
statues were replaced with that of marble statues. It is note worthy that the
statues of Sri Rama and Baratha are black in color. The walls of this temple
adorn beautifully curved scenes in stones depicting stories from two great
epics of India, Ramayan and Mahabarath.
Sri Ram parivar is incomplete without Sri Hanuman. A small temple for Hanuman
depicting Him as Veer Hanuman was built in front of Rampanchayatan temple.
Veer Hanuman is holing Sanjivi Parvat in His left hand and on the right one
is holding mace. He is seen crushing Ahhi Ravana with His feet, depicting the
story of killing of Ahhi Ravana after the Rama-Ravana war.
Brindavan of Sri Dudhadhari
Sri Balbhadra Das had worshipped Lord Hanuman though out his life and was
instrumental for establishment of Sri Balaji Temple at Raipur. He had just
milk for living in this world and served his king and people alike, blessing
them and mitigating their ordeals. He had left us with a treasure in Sankata
Mochan Hanuman. He had left his mortal body, but still it believed that
seeking his and his Sankata Mochan Hanuman’s blessing one can over come any
amount of pressure and distress. The place where he left this world a
Brindavan had been made. Even today devotees throng this Brindavan seeking
the blessings of Mahant. Even today one can see some of the articles used by
the great Mahant kept near the Brindavan.
The great saint Sri Dudhadhari
and his mentor Sri Sankata Mochan Hanuman are waiting to bestow on us power
to overcome any amount of pressure and distress. Let us visit seeking their
[Ed. February 2009]