Being Anonymous on the web
01. Changing Your IP
This tutorial will teach teach you how to change your ip address to any
other one on your ip range instead of
having your DHCP Server pick one for
you. This is very useful because you can change your ip when you are
getting DDoS'ed or if you wish to piss off someone running a web server
(or other service) on your ip range, it is also useful to get around a
bans as long as the ban only covered your ip not your whole ip range.
usually anything illegal you do while reading this tutorial or after
reading this tutorial is not my fault, your actions are your own so
don't blame me. I do not claim that the things I teach are legal, so
consider that everything I mention here is illegal if you are not sure
Before you can change your ip you need some information. This
information includes your ip range, subnet mask, default gateway, dhcp
server, and dns servers.
Getting your IP range -
Getting information about
your ip range is not difficult, I recommend using Neo Trace on your own
ip. But for our test just look at your ip address, say it's
188.8.131.52 you can definitely use the ip's found between 184.108.40.206
< [new ip] < 220.127.116.11, don't use x.x.x.1 or x.x.x.255. To find
your ip simply open a dos/command prompt window and type ipconfig at the
prompt, look for "IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : x.x.x.x".
Subnet Mask, Default Gateway, DHCP Server -
These are very easy to
find, just open a dos/command prompt window and type 'ipconfig /all'
without the ' '. You should see something like this:
Windows IP Configuration
Host Name . . . . . . . .
. . . . : My Computer Name Here
Primary Dns Suffix . . . . . . . .:
Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Unknown
IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
Ethernet adapter Local
Connection-specific DNS Suffix . .: xxxx.xx.x
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : NETGEAR FA310TX Fast Ethernet
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX
Dhcp Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
Auto configuration Enabled . . . .: Yes
IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : ...24.xxx.xxx.xx
Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.240.0
Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :24.xxx.xxx.x
DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 24.xx.xxx.xx
DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : .24.xx.xxx.xxx
Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : Monday, January 20, 2003 4:44:08 PM
Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : Tuesday, January 21, 2003 3:43:16 AM
This is all the information you will need for now, I suggest you either
keep your dos/command prompt window open or copy & paste the information
somewhere, to copy right click the window and select text and click
To change your ip address first pick any ip you like out
of your ip range and remember it or write it down. It is usually a good
idea to make sure the ip is dead (except for what we are going to do
later on) so just ping it via "ping x.x.x.x" and if it times out then
you can use it. Now go to My Computer, then Control Panel. In Control
Panel select Network Connections and pick your active connection,
probably Local Area Connection or your ISP name. Open that connection by
double clicking on the icon in Network Connections, then select
Properties under the General Tab. In the new window that pops up select
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click properties, it's under the general
tab. In this new window select the General tab and choose "Use the
following IP address" and for the IP address enter the ip you would like
to use (the one you picked from your subnet earlier) and for the Subnet
Mask enter the subnet mask you got when your ran ipconfig /all, same
goes for the Default Gateway. Now select "Use the following DNS server
addresses" and enter the information you got earlier. Now just click OK.
Test that it worked, try to refresh a website and if it works you know
everything is okay and you are connected. To make sure the change worked
type ipconfig again and the ip address should have changed to your new
IV. DDoS & DoS Protection
If your firewall shows that you are being ddosed, this is usually when
you are constantly getting attempted UDP connections several times a
second from either the same ip address or multiple ip addresses (dos),
you can protect your self by changing your ip address via the method I
V. Web servers & Other
If you know someone on your ip range is running a web server and he or
she has pissed you off or you just like messing around you can "steal"
their ip address so any dns going to that ip will show your site instead
because you would be running a web server your self.
To "steal" an ip is to
basically use the changing ip address method above and picking an ip
that someone that is running a web server has in use. Often you will be
able to keep that ip at least for some time, other times you wont be
able to use it so just keep trying until it works. You your self will
need to have a web server on the same port with your message. You can do
this with other services too. You can also DoS or DDoS the ip address
you are trying to steal to kick him off the net, but I don't recommend
as its pretty illegal, your isp will get pissed and feds may go ape-shit
Telnet is a TCP/IP application that allows you to
access and run programs on other computers on the Internet. When you
open a session with telnet, you are actually logging in to a remote
computer. You must have an account on the remote computer to access
it. The only way to access a remote computer without an account is
to telnet to a “public” site. If you telnet to a remote site with
public access, you must enter a public use rid. Publicly accessed
sites provide you with the correct use rid and do not require a
Bypassing Blocked Websites
This is very simple and
old. This is pointed to newbie's out there! You may give it away as long
as this section (Within the lines) is untouched and if you change it you
must put notes in where you change it!
Bypassing block websites
at schools, jobs, tech centers, etc are fairly easy! This trick is old
and I didn't see it here so I decide to add it. First go to Start then
on to Run. Type in command or if you have newer versions of windows type
in cod. It should bring you up to a black screen with something like
You then get the site
that is block says WWW.Blocksite.C0M was the site. You then will Ping it
for the IP address. Like this
It should say Pinging
www.blocksite.c0m [127.0.0.1](Note: this is not the real ip address but
a EGG just use the real one instead.)
Get the ip Write it down
or tell your buddy besides you to remember. Then go to your Ie explore
or the way you get on to the "Internet". Type HTTP://IP ADDRESS/ press
enter next it should go to the site! 90% of the time this trick works!
Get the ip of the site
that block then type it in your browser with http:// in front of it.
What is a
“cookie” is a small piece of information sent by a web server to be
stored on a web browser so that it can later be read back from that
browser. This becomes useful for having the browser remember specific
information about a visitor to a particular website. The cookie is a
text file that is saved in the browser’s directory and is stored in RAM
while the browser is running. The cookie may also be stored on the
computer’s hard drive once a user logs off from that website or web
server. Cookies are a very important method for maintaining ‘state’ on
the Web. What does that mean? ‘State’ refers to the application ability
to work interactively with the user. For example, when you book yourself
for a train/bus you get a ticket. On the date of journey, when you show
this ticket, you will be allowed to enter the train/bus else the ticket
collector will not know if you are the right person or a new customer.
Here ticket is critical to maintain state between you and ticket
collector. HTTP is a ‘stateless’ protocol. This means that each visit to
a site (or clicks within a site) is seen by the server as the first
visit by the user. That means the server forgets everything after each
request, unless it can somehow mark a visitor ( i.e ‘Yes he is the right
traveler’) to help it remember. Cookies do this job.
Cookies can only tell a
web server if you have been there before and can pass short bits of
information (such as a user number) from the web server back to itself
the next time you visit. Most cookies last only until you quit your
browser and then are destroyed. A second type of cookie known as a
persistent cookie has an expiration date and is stored on your disk
until that date. A persistent cookie can be used to track a user's
browsing habits by identifying him whenever he returns to a site.
Information about where you come from and what web pages you visit
already exists in a web server's log files and could also be used to
track users browsing habits, cookies just make it easier.
How do I examine
Persistent Cookies already my own System?
Persistent cookies are stored in different places on your system
depending on which web browser and browser version you are using.
Netscape stores all its persistent cookies in a single file named
cookies.txt on the PC . Both files are in the Netscape directory. You
can open and edit this file with a text editor and delete any cookies
that you don't want to keep or delete the file itself to get rid of all
of your cookies. Internet Explorer stores persistent cookies in separate
files named with the user's name and the domain name of the site that
sent the cookie. For example: firstname.lastname@example.org. The cookie files are
stored in /Windows/cookies or in /Windows/profiles/cookies directories,
where ‘yourname’ is replaced with the user's login name. If your
operating system directory is not named Windows (such as Winnt for
Windows NT) then look in that directory instead of the Windows
directory. You can delete any of these files you do not want to keep.
You can open these files to see where they came from and what
information they contain. For example, the following are the contents of
an Internet Explorer cookie file.
This particular cookie
file was named email@example.com (abhishek is my user name, I
logged in). Cookie may contain different information; it depends on
cookie to cookie. Here my IP address is stored(18.104.22.168) . We will
not go into details now.
What Are Cookies Used
websites. Also, they are used to store preferences of start pages. On
sites with personalized viewing, your web browser will be requested to
utilize a small amount of space on your computer’s hard drive to store
these preferences. That way, each time you log on to that website, your
browser will check to see if you have any pre-defined preferences (a
cookie) for that unique server. If you do, the browser will send the
cookie to the server along with your request for a web page. Microsoft
websites. Common uses for which companies utilize cookies include:
on-line ordering systems, site personalization, and website tracking.
Cookies have some
beneficial things. Site personalization is one of the most beneficial
uses for cookies. For example, a person comes to the CNN or even
Yahoo!(My Yahoo) site, but does not want to see any business news. The
site allows the person to select this choice as an option. >From then on
(or until the cookie expires), the person would not see business news
when they access the CNN web pages. You must have also seen in some
websites that when you log in (using a User ID & Password), there is an
option for ‘remember me when I visit next time’; that’s possible because
it stored your password and id on your machine in a cookie.
Some visitors feel it is
an invasion of privacy for a website to track their progress on a site.
It helps to get you the information or services you seek as quickly as
possible and allow you to get back to work without delay. Site
navigation statistics are critical to the continuing redesign of the
site. Site administrator might need to know if 100 different people
visited his site or if one person (or robot) continuously hit the reload
button 100 times.
Cookies also have some demerits. Let me give you a example real life).
The Double-Click Network is a system created by the Double-Click
Corporation to create profiles of individuals using the World Wide Web
and to present them with advertising banners customized to their
interests. Double Click's primary customers are Web sites looking to
advertise their services. Each member of the Double-Click Network
becomes a host for the advertising of other members of the network. When
a Web site joins Double-Click it creates advertisements for its services
and submits them to Double Click's server. The Web site then modifies
its HTML pages to include an <IMG> graphic that points to Double-Click.
When a user goes to view one of these modified HTML pages, her browser
makes a call to Double Click's server to retrieve the graphic. The
server chooses one of its member's advertisements and returns it to the
browser. If the user reloads the page, a different advertisement
appears. If the user clicks on the graphic, her browser jumps to the
advertised site. Currently many hundreds of sites belong to
>From the user's point of view Double Click's graphics appear no
different from any other Web advertisement, and there's no visible
indication of anything special about the graphic. However, there is an
important difference. When a user first connects to the Double-Click
server to retrieve a graphic, the server assigns the browser a cookie
that contains a unique identification number. From that time forward
whenever the user connects to any Web site that subscribes to the
Double-Click Network, her browser returns the identification number to
Double Click's server, allowing the server to recognize her. Over a
period of time Double-Click compiles a list of which member sites the
user has visited and revisited, using this information to create a
profile of the user's tastes and interests. With this profile in hand
the Double-Click server can select advertising that is likely to be of
interest to the user. It can also use this information to compile
valuable feedback for its member Web sites, such as providing them with
audience profiles and rating the effectiveness of the advertisements.
So how do I know that I have been tracked by Double-Click ? Well to find
out whether you have been tracked by Double-Click, examine your
browser's cookies file in cookies directory . There will be something
ad.doubleclick.net FALSE / FALSE 942195440 IAA d2bbd5
How Do These Cookies
A command line in the HTML code of a document tells the browser to set a
cookie of a certain name or value. The following is a general example of
a script used to set a cookie.
Set-Cookie: name = VALUE;
expires = DATE;
path = PATH;
domain = DOMAIN_NAME; secure
Lets go a bit detail of
all these attributes….
This string is a sequence of characters excluding semi-colon, comma and
white space. If there is a need to place such data in the name or value,
some encoding method such as URL style %XX encoding is recommended,
though no encoding is defined or required.
This is the only required attribute on the Set-Cookie header.
expires = DATE
The expires attribute specifies a date string that defines the valid
life time of that cookie. Once the expiration date has been reached, the
cookie will no longer be stored or given out.
The date string is formatted as:
Wdy, DD-Mon-YYYY HH:MM:SS GMT
expires is an optional attribute. If not specified, the cookie will
expire when the user's session ends.
domain = DOMAIN_NAME
When searching the cookie list for valid cookies, a comparison of the
domain attributes of the cookie is made with the Internet domain name of
the host from which the URL will be fetched. If there is a tail match,
then the cookie will go through path matching to see if it should be
sent. "Tail matching" means that domain attribute is matched against the
tail of the fully qualified domain name of the host. A domain attribute
of "internet. COM" would match host names "people.internet.com" as well
Only hosts within the
specified domain can set a cookie for a domain and domains must have at
least two (2) or three (3) periods in them to prevent domains of the
form: ".com", ".edu", and "lu.in". Any domain that fails within one of
the seven special top level domains listed below only require two
periods. Any other domain requires at least three. The seven special top
level domains are: "COM", "EDU", "NET", "ORG", "GOV", "MIL", and "INT".
The default value of domain is the host name of the server which
generated the cookie response.
Path = PATH
The path attribute is
used to specify the subset of URLs in a domain for which the cookie is
valid. If a cookie has already passed domain matching, then the pathname
component of the URL is compared with the path attribute, and if there
is a match, the cookie is considered valid and is sent along with the
URL request. The path "/foo" would match "/foobar" and "/foo/bar.html".
The path "/" is the most general path.
If the path is not specified, it as assumed to be the same path as the
document being described by the header which contains the cookie.
If a cookie is marked
secure, it will only be transmitted if the communications channel with
the host is a secure one. Currently this means that secure cookies will
only be sent to HTTPS (HTTP over SSL) servers.
If secure is not specified, a cookie is considered safe to be sent in
the clear over unsecured channels.
An HTTP Cookie cannot be
used to retrieve personal data from your hard drive, install a virus,
get your email address, or steal sensitive information about who you
are; however, an HTTP Cookie may be used to track where you travel over
a particular site. Site tracking cannot easily be done without the use
of cookies as you have seen in the above example.
As with everything else
about the Internet, you are only as anonymous as you wish to be. No
website knows who you are until you reveal to it who you are. In the
meantime, a cookie is simply a means of tracking site statistics in
order to better understand usage patterns and to improve visitor
productivity. A cookie is the way of remembering that information. If a
website designer desires to make web pages become more interactive with
visitors, or if the designer plans on letting visitors customize the
appearance of the site, then they will need cookies. Also, if you want
your site visits to change appearances under certain circumstances,
cookies provide a quick and easy way to let your HTML pages change as
interactivity, which can improve the overall interactivity of the
I hope now you understand
the pros and cons of Cookies. This is not over yet. In my next article
I’ll be explaining more details about cookies, how to hack those, cookie
hijacking , using those how to spoof, & countermeasures.
Wanna Make some money?
you have access to your own email account, you can get paid.