Item

QUANTITY

SUBSTITUTION

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Allspice

1 teaspoon

½ teaspoon cinnamon + 1/8 teaspoon ground cloves

Apple Pie Spice

1 tsp

Mix ½ tsp ground cinnamon, ¼  tsp ground ginger, 1/8 tsp ground allspice and 1/8 tsp ground nutmeg; or 1 tsp cinnamon plus 1/8 tsp ground nutmeg; or 1/2 tsp cinnamon, ¼ tsp nutmeg, and 1/8 tsp cardamom; or ½  tsp ground cinnamon, ¼  tsp ground nutmeg, 1/8 tsp ground allspice, 1/8 tsp ground cardamom

Arrowroot, As Thickener

1-1/2 teaspoon

1 tablespoon flour

Basil

1 teaspoon

1 tsp Oregano or thyme

Baking Powder

1 teaspoon

¼ teaspoon baking soda + 5/8 teaspoon cream of tartar

Bay Leaf

1 whole

¼ tsp crushed

Bread Crumbs, Dry

1/ cup

1 slice bread

Bread Crumbs, Soft

½ cup

1 slice bread

Brown Sugar

1 cup

1 cup sugar

Butter

1 cup

1 cup margarine OR
1 1/3 cup whipped butter (for sauteing) OR
1 cup hydrogenated fat plus 1/2 tsp salt OR
7/8 cup oil plus 1/2 tsp salt OR
7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 tsp salt OR
7/8 cup vegetable shortening OR
7/8 cup oil OR
3/4 cup olive oil OR
8 tsp (1 envelope) butter buds, 1/2 cup liquid, 1/2 cup butter

Buttermilk

1 cup

1 cup plain yogurt

Chocolate, Unsweetened

1 ounce

 1 tablespoon cocoa + 1 tablespoon butter or shortening

Cheese

 4 ounces

1 cup shredded

Cinnamon Sugar

1 cup

7/8 cup granulated sugar, 2 tbsp ground cinnamon

Coconut

1-1/2 tablespoon  fresh, grated

1 tablespoon dry flaked

Cornstarch

1 tablespoon

2 tablespoons flour (for thickening)

Corn Syrup, Dark

1 cup

1 cup light corn syrup; or 3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses; or 1 cup maple-flavored syrup

Corn Syrup, Light

1 cup

Mix 1 cup granulated sugar with 1/4 cup liquid used in recipe OR
1 1/4 cups light brown sugar, 1/3 cup liquid; or 1 cup honey

Cracker Crumbs

¾ cup

1 cup dry bread crumbs

Cream Cheese

 

Part skim milk ricotta cheese or lowfat cottage cheese beaten until smooth

Crème Fraîche

1 cup

½  cup sour cream plus ½  cup heavy cream

Cream Of Tartar

½ teaspoon

1-1/2 tsp lemon juice or vinegar

Cream, Heavy

1 cup

¾ cup milk + 1/3 cup melted butter (will not whip)

Cream, Light

1 cup

7/8 cup milk +  tablespoon melted butter

Cream, Sour

1 cup

7/8 cup buttermilk or plain yogurt +  3 tablespoons melted butter

Cream, Whipping

1 cup

2/3 cup well chilled evaporated milk, whipped; or 1 cup nonfat dry milk powder whipped with 1 cup ice cold water

Eggs

2 large

 3 small eggs

Egg

1

2 egg yolks (for custard)

Egg

1

2 egg yolks plus 1 tablespoon water (for cookies).

Flour, All-Purpose

1 cup

1-1/8 cup cake flour or 5/8 cup potato flour or 1-1/4 cup rye flour, or 1 cup cornmeal

Flour, Cake

1 cup

1 cup minus 2 tablespoons sifted all-purpose flour

Flour, Self Rising

1 cup

1 cup all-purpose flour + 1-1/4 teaspoon baking powder + ¼ teaspoon salt

Garlic

1 small clove

1/8 teaspoon garlic powder or instant minced garlic

Herbs, Dried

½ to 1 teaspoon

1 tablespoon fresh herbs, minced & packed

Honey

1 cup

1-1/4 cup sugar + ½ cup liquid (orange/lemon juice, coffee etc)

Horseradish

1 tablespoon

2 tbsp bottled

Lemon Juice

1 teaspoon

½ teaspoon vinegar

Lemon Juice & Rind

1

3 tablespoons bottled lemon juice and 1 dried grated rind

Lemon Rind, Grated

1 teaspoon

½ teaspoon lemon extract

Macaroni Or Pasta

1 cup uncooked

2-1/2 cup cooked

Milk, Skim

1 cup

1/3 cup instant nonfat dry milk + ¾ cup water

Milk, Sour

1 cup

1 cup minus 1 tablespoon milk + 1 tablespoon vinegar or limeon juice. Stir and let stand 5 minutes

Milk, Whole

1 cup

½ cup evaporated milk + ½ cup water; or 1 cup skim milk + 2 teaspoon melted butter

Mushrooms

1 pound

 6 ounces canned mushrooms

Mustard, Prepared

1 tablespoon

1 teaspoon dry or powdered mustard

Oil, Vegetable

 

Olive Oil

Onion, Chopped

1 small

1 tablespoon minced onion; or 1 teaspoon onion powder; or 134 cup frozen chopped onion

Orange

1 medium

6-8 tbsp juice

Parsley

¼ cup

1 tablespoon dried parsley flakes

Pumpkin Pie Spice

1 teaspoon

½  tsp ground cinnamon, ¼  tsp ground ginger, 1/8 tsp ground allspice, 1/8 tsp ground nutmeg; or ½  tsp ground cinnamon, 1/8 tsp ground nutmeg, 1/8 tsp ground mace, 1/8 tsp ground ginger, 1/8 tsp ground cloves

Raisins

 

Currants, dried cherries, dried cranberries, chopped dates or chopped prunes

Rice

1 cup uncooked

1 cup uncooked converted rice (3 cups cooked) OR
1 cup uncooked brown rice OR1 cup uncooked wild rice

Rum

1 tbsp dark rum
5 tbsp light rum

2 tbsp rum extract
1 tbsp rum extract

Shortening

1 cup

1 cup butter

Spaghetti

8 oz uncooked

 4 cups cooked

Sugar, Brown, Dark

1 cup

1 cup granulated sugar plus 2 tbsp molasses or dark corn syrup

Sugar, Granulated

1 cup

1 cup firmly packed brown sugar; or 1-3/4 cup confectioners sugar (so not substitute in baking); or ½ cup honey or 1 cup superfine sugar; or 1-1/2 cup corn syrup; or 2/3 cup maple syrup (for last 2 reduce liquid in recipe by 25 %)

Tapioca

1 tablespoon

1-1/2 tablespoon all-purpose flour

Tomatoes, Canned

1 cup

½ cup tomato sauce + ½ cup water; or 1-1/3 cup chopped fresh tomatoes, simmered

Tomato Juice

1 cup

½ cup tomato sauce + ½ cup water + dash of both salt and sugar; or ¼ cup tomato paste + ¾ cup water + salt and sugar, to taste

Tomato Ketchup

½ cup

½ cup tomato sauce + 2 tablespoon vinegar, and 1/8 teaspoon ground cloves

Tomato Puree

1 cup

½ cup tomato sauce + ¼ cup water

Tomato Soup

1 can (10-3/4 oz)

1 cup tomato sauce + 1/ cup water

Vanilla

1” bean

1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Wine

1 cup

1 cup apple juice, apple cider, chicken or beef broth

Worcestershire Sauce

1 teaspoon

1 tsp bottled steak sauce OR1 tbsp soy sauce, 4 drops tabasco sauce, 1/8 tsp lemon juice, dash sugar

Yeast

1 cake (3/5 oz)

1 package active dry yeast

Yogurt, Plain

1 cup

1 cup buttermilk

 

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