Orders, Medals and Badges for Wounded
and Next-of-Kin

This page is dedicated to the memory of those who served their country in war and peace
and their next-of-kin

[Index]

Created by Henrik Nedergaard Olsen

Thankyou:
The creation of this page would have been impossible without the help and research of a lot of good people, who have shared their knowledge about the fascinating world of orders, medals and decorations - in books, magazines, Internet, email and letters. Copyright notes and links will be placed after each medal.
If any legal or ethical rights have been violated, please accept my apologies, and let me know.

OMSA member #6567

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Henrik Nedergaard Olsen.

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Updated: 29 July 2001

Index:

  • Algeria Argentina Australia Austria
  • Belgium Bolivia Brazil Bulgaria
  • Canada China Columbia Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Denmark
  • Egypt Estonia Ethiopia
  • Finland France
  • Germany Great Britain Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Hungary
  • India Indonesia Iraq Israel Italy
  • Japan Jordan
  • Lebanon Luxembourg
  • Morocco
  • Netherlands New Zealand North Korea

  • Oman
  • Phillipines Poland Portugal
  • Rumania Russia
  • Saudi Arabia Serbia South Africa
  • South Korea Spain Syria
  • Togo Tunesia
  • USA USSR
  • Vietnam
  • Yemen
  • Yugoslavia

  • Literature
  • Links
  • Guestbook

  • Unidentified
  • Phantasy

  • ALGERIA

    Link: IEPE/Algeria - Copyright: Ed Haynes.

    1. Medal of the Wounded.

    2. Medal for the Gravely Wounded, Invalids of War.

      [Index]


    ARGENTINA

    1. Air Force wound Medal

    2. Naval Wound Medal

      The medal is oval shaped, 30 mm wide x 33 mm long, and silver in colour. The obverse has a foiled vertical anchor in the center with a sword running through it horizontally with a small Sun God in the centre. Incriben above the swords "Herido en Combate" and below the anchor the letters "A.R.A" The ribbon is blue with a white centre stripe and has an ornate oval pin-back brooch with wreaths and stars on it. The reverse of the medal is blank except for a pair of crossed wreath branches at the bottom. (Zabarylo)

      [Index]


    AUSTRALIA

    1. Australian Service Medal 1939 - 1945
      Introduced 1 December 1949. The medal was to reward all Australians in the armed forces and Mercantile Marine, who had served for a minimum of eighteen months overseas. Honourable discharge, retirement or service terminated by death, wounds or disability also qualified the receipent.

      [Index]


    AUSTRIA
    1. Medal for the Wounded, Worldwar I (Carl Wound Medal)

      Austria-Hungary

      A special medal for the sick and wounded was instituted 12 august 1917, and struck in grey war metal. It is 37 mm in diameter. It was also known as the Carl Wound Medal because on the obverse was the head of the Emperor Carl. Facing to the right with 2 laurel branches below and above is his name in Latin "Carlovs". The reverse is plain with a simple 2-line incription "Laeso Militi" (to wounded warriors) and year "MCMXVIII". The ribbon is 40 mm wide in greyish brown with 5 mm red stripes. This plain ribbon applied to those who were seriously ill but not wounded. A red stripe for each wound up to a maximum of 5 stripes could be added, symmetrically placed, each 2 mm wide with a black pin stipe on each side. Copyright: J. M. Zabarylo

    2. Wound Medal, current (gold and silver)

      Republic of Austria

      Gold and silver Wound Medals (Current)

      The medals were instituted by act of law on 11 June 1975 in two classes: 1st class ind gold and 2nd class silver plated. The obverse ha s a 3-line incription at the top "Dem Verwundeten Soldaten", and beneath is the National Military emblem circumscribed by a laurel wreath open at the top. The reverse shows an eagle, the national emblem of the Federal republic of Austria. The ribbon is 40 mm in dark green with 2 mm red side stripes. At present only the godl medal is awarded today which can only be awarded by the Minister of Defence to military personnel. The State Secretary can award the medal to personnel of other executive organizations on the following occations:

      Causalties of incidents in war or warlike situations or on occation s in the service of peace (UN operations) can be awarded the

      1st class wound medal for permanent invalidity or

      2nd class wound medal when no further afflictions exist.

      [Index]


    BELGIUM

    1. Croix de Fer (Iron Cross). Awarded to those wounded or those that performed an act of courage.Hendrik

    2. Wound Devices:
      Red Cross, worn on WWI and WWII War Commemorative Medals
      Silver Star, worn on WWI and WWII War Commemorative Medals
      Black Clasp worn on WWI medals

      [Index]


    BOLIVIA

    1. Iron Star Medal

      [Index]


    BRAZIL

    1. Blood Cross (Cruz de Sangue)

      Instituted on 10 April 1945 by the Decree No. 7,454, the "Cruz de Sangue" (Blood Cross) is issued to military personnel of the FAB or civilians working for the FAB who have been injured in action against the enemy.

      The "Cruz de Sangue" is issued to those whose injuries have required medical attention; each subsequent injury in the same circunstamces entitles the recipient to wear a bronze palm in the ribbon.

    2. Blood of Brazil Medal

      Instituted on 5 July 1945. BRonze oval medal, 35 x 45 mm for brazilian troops and civilians who served in war operations and were injured through actions against the enemy. The obverse shows an antique sword pointing up, and on a rayed background with 5-pointed stars above enameled red, which commeorates the three wounds received by brigadier Sampaio at the battle of Tuiuti in 1866 against Paraguay. Across the blade is a scroll inscribed "Sangue do Brazil". (Blood of Brazil). The reverse has the globe from the brazilian flag, and the recipients name and date of award are below. The ribbon is 37 mm in red with a 5.5 mm centre stripe of yellow, green, yellow. (Zabarylo)

      Cruz de Sangue

      [Index]


    BULGARIA

    1. Wound Badge (World War II)

      [Index]


    CANADA

    • WWI:
      1. Badge for Honorable Service
      2. Bronze Memorial Plaque
      3. Golden Wound Stripe
      4. Memorial Cross
      5. Service Wound Stripe

    • WWII:
      1. Memorial Cross
      2. Red Wound Stripe (Previus Wars)
      3. Service Wound Stripe
      4. Silver Memorial Plaque (Birks Memorial Plaque)
      :

    • Post WWII:
      1. Commemorative Certificate, Manitoba Geographical Names Program
      2. Memorial Cross

        The Memorial Cross, the gift of Canada, was issued as a memento of personal loss and sacrifice on the part of widows and mothers of Canadian sailors and soldiers who died for their country during the war.

        The Memorial Cross (more often referred to as the Silver Cross) was instituted by Order-in-Council 2374, dated December 1, 1919. It was awarded to mothers and widows (next of kin) of Canadian soldiers who died on active duty or whose death was consequently attributed to such duty.

        Marking (cypher) Number Awarded
        GRV (George V)58,500
        GRVI (George VI)32,500
        ERII (Elizabeth II) 500

        The crosses were sent automatically to mothers and wives who qualified, and can be worn by the recipients anytime, even though they were not themselves veterans. The cross is engraved with the name and service number of the son or husband.

        King George V R. King George VI R. Queen Elizabeth II R.

        [Index]


    CHINA

    1. [Index]


    COLUMBIA

    1. Badge for the Wounded in Combat

      [Index]


    COSTA RICA

    1. Medal for Wounded in Combat

      [Index]


    CROATIA

    1. Medal for bravery, silver
    2. Medal for bravery, bronze
    3. Wounded Medal.

      Ante Pavelic instituted on 9 Aparil 1943 the Croatian Wound Medal. It could be awarded to members of the armed forces as well as to its allies.

      The medal came in two classes: Gold to those who were severely disabled or posthumously to the next-of-kin of those killed in action and in Iron: (grey zinc metal)to all others.

      Obverse: The Croatian trefoil cross, with crossed swords superimposed and with oakleaf branches below. Above are the words "ZA POGLAVNIKA I ZA DOM" (For leader and fatherland). Reverse: The Croatian chequer board shield and Ustase emblem surrounded by the words "PRIZNANJE DOMOVINE" (The nations gratitude) and the year 1942, all within a three stranded chain border.

      Ribbon:3 types to denote the number of times wounded. Alternative narrow red and white horizontal stripes and white edge. For each wound up to three, there is a blue stripe in the centre and for beeing wounded mopre than 3 times, a gilt oak wreath is worn on the ribbon with 3 blue stripes.(Zabarylo)

      Wound Medal (Iron).

      [Index]


    DENMARK

    1. The Memorial Medal of 9 April 1940
    2. Enkenaalen
    3. Medal for Killed and Wounded
      The Defence's Medal for Killed and Wounded was instituted by Royal Decree of 30 October 1996 as a reward from the Chief of Defence to military and civilian personnel who has been killed whilst in service or seriously wounded or crippled as a result of an infliction of arms including mines, in battle or as a result of an act or terrorism.
      The medal is 30 mm in diameter, and it is silver-gilt. Obverse: three crowned lions and nine hearts of the Danish coat of arms.
      Reverse: a wreath of oak leaves tied beneath by a bow. In the center the inscription "Draebt i tjeneste" (Killed in service) and year or "Saaret i tjeneste" (Wounded in service) and year is engraved.
      The medal is struck by the Royal Mint from dies made by medallist Jan Petersen.
      Ribbon is white with four red stipes.
      The medal is not returnable and is accompanied by a special certificate of award. (Lars Stevnsborg)

      [Index]


    EGYPT

    1. Wound Medal

      Silver medal 36 mm in diameter. Obverse: a tree with flowering leaves aand a soldier in battle dress and tin hat and a rifle slung over his shoulder facing left.Reverse: a wing spread eagle and the date 1909. Ribbon: green with yellow side stripes.

      [Index]


    ESTONIA

    1. 1918-1920 Independence Medal with Woudn bow
    2. Liberation War Wound Badge

      [Index]


    ETHIOPIA

    1. Wound Medal

      [Index]


    FINLAND

    1. Badge for War Invalids 1939-45
    2. Cross of Mourning (Military)
    3. Medal of Mourning (Civilian)

      [Index]


    FRANCE

    1. Wound Bar (Insigne des Blessés Militaires)
    2. Decoration for the Wounded (Military)
    3. Decoration for the Wounded (Civilian)

      [Index]


    GERMANY

    "Verwundetenabzeichen"

    Link to: German Wound Badges

    1918 (Army and Colonial Troops)

    1. Wound Badge, black, 1 - 2 wounds
    2. Wound Badge, silver, 3 - 4 wounds
    3. Wound Badge, gold, 5 or more wounds

    Black Gold

    1918 (Navy)

    1. Wound Badge, black, 1 - 2 wounds
    2. Wound Badge, silver, 3 - 4 wounds
    3. Wound Badge, gold, 5 or more wounds

    1936 (Legion Condor)
    1. Wound Badge, black, 1 - 2 wounds
    2. Wound Badge, silver, 3 - 4 wounds
    3. Wound Badge, gold, 5 or more wounds

    Silver

    1939

    1. Wound Badge, black, 1 - 2 wounds
    2. Wound Badge, silver, 3 - 4 wounds
    3. Wound Badge, gold, 5 or more wounds

    Black Issue Bag Silver

    1944

    1. Wound Badge, black, 1 - 2 wounds
    2. Wound Badge, silver, 3 - 4 wounds
    3. Wound Badge, gold, 5 or more wounds

    1957 (De-Nazified)
    1. Wound Badge, black, 1 - 2 wounds
    2. Wound Badge, silver, 3 - 4 wounds
    3. Wound Badge, gold, 5 or more wounds

    [Index]

    GREAT BRITAIN

    1. Silver War Badge for Service Rendered
    2. Wound Stripes (WW I and WW II)
    3. Memorial Plaque WW I
    4. British War Medal
    5. Mercantile Marine War Medal

      [Index]


    GREECE

    1. Royal Navy Campaign Cross.

      The cross was established by the Law of 22 december 1943, which was amended several times, the last amendment being that of the Royal Decree of 17 January 1948. The cross was awarded to personnel of the Royal Hellenic Navy for at least 6 months active service during World War II. A small star was added to the ribbon of the award for every six months of active service and a laurel branch for the wounded. The stars or laurel branches were golden for officers, silvered for petty officers and bronce for sailors. The medal is a bronze Latin cross with an anchor superimposed and a crown above (Romanov).

      The ribbon is 40 mm in 3 equal stripes of blue, white, blue with narrow stripes of black, red and green on the white stripe (Zabarylo).

      [Index]


    GUATEMALA

    1. Golden Oak Award (Roble de Orpo)

      [Index]


    HUNGARY

    1. War Invalids Badge (WW I)
    2. Fire Cross (Front Line Fighters Cross) with Wound Bar

      [Index]


    INDIA

    1. Wound Medal (1947/1973)

    Wound Medal

    [Index]

    ESTONIA

    1. Wound Meal

      [Index]


    IRAQ

    1. Wound Medal

      Established by Law No. 95 of 1983. Obverse: 50 mm gilt star, with maroon-enemeled rays behind. In the center, a white-enameled circle with a maroon-enameled crescent and a gold Iraqi national device in the center.
      Reverse: plain stippled.
      Suspended by a ring from a pentgonal "Warshaw-Pact" style ribbon, 46 mm, white with broad 10 mm red edges. IEPE/Iraq

      Wound Medal

      [Index]


    ISRAEL

    1. Wounded in Combat Badge
    2. Invalided in Combat Badge

      [Index]


    ITALY

    1. Wound Stripe (WWI)
    2. Medal for the Wounded
    3. Badge of Honor for the Mutilated in War
    4. Medal for Mothers and Widows of the Fallen (1914-18)
    5. United Italy Medals
    6. World War I, 50th. Anniversary War Invalids Association

      [Index]


    JAPAN

    1. Wound Badge

      Instituted by military authority 3 august 1938 in 2 classes, one for wounds in battle and one for noncombattabt wounds or disability.
      The badge is 30 mm, in the form of a cross composed of four ancient shields enamelled red, and within the angles are four spearhead of pitted metal. In the centre is a medaillon with the head of a Japanese folk-hero Kusunoke Masashige, who died in battle in 1336 A.D.
      The reverse is plain with the caracters of which type of wound badge it is, and a double fastener.
      The wounded in battle badge is of gilded silver, the other of silver with the medallion gilt.

    2. Soldiers Bereaved Family Medal

      [Index]


    JORDAN

    1. Badge for the War Wounded (Sharat Juhri al-Herb)

      [Index]


    K
    1. [Index]


    LEBANON

    1. National Wound Medal (Battle Wounded Medal)
      Awarded for wounds suffered in combat.

      National Wound Medal

      [Index]


    LUXEMBOURG

    1. Emblem for the Wounded
    2. Medal for Luxembourg Volunteers 1914-18
    3. Medal for Luxembourg Volunteers 1940-45

      [Index]


    MOROCCO

    1. Wound Medal
      Ribbon: Red and white diagonal stripes, thin white side stripes

      [Index]


    NETHERLANDS

    1. Resistance Cross
    2. Nacht und Nebel Memorial Cross

      [Index]


    NEW ZEALAND

    1. Memorial Cross
    2. New Zealand War Service Medal 1939-45

      [Index]


    NORTH KOREA

    1. Disabled Veterans Honor Medal

      [Index]


    OMAN

    1. Bar: Dohfar awarded for 14 days of concecutive service, 30 days of visit or service abnormally terminated by wounds. (IEPE/Oman)

      [Index]


    PHILIPPINES

    1. Wound Medal

      [Index]


    POLAND

    1. Wound Badge

      (Odznaka za Rany i Kontuzje)

      Instituted by the State Defense Council on July 14, 1920, during the Polish-Soviet war . Conferred on all members of the Polish Armed Forces wounded or injured in action against an enemy, provided the injury required surgical treatment. It is equal in importance to the US Purple Heart Medal.

      Badge: garter blue (light blue in People's Poland) ribbon bar with two narrow horizontal black pinstripes (colors of Virtuti Militari). A small five-pointed silver star is attached to the ribbon for each wound. All wounds sustained in the same action or battle count as one. The ribbon is worn directly above the upper row of decorations or ribbon bars. Until WW2 no more than three stars were allowed on a single bar. Additional stars were worn on another ribbon, placed above the first, and so on. This regulation was altered during WW2, and since then all stars are worn in a single row until the ribbon reaches the length of three or four standard ribbon bars.

      Odznaka za Rany i Kontuzje

      Polish orders and medals

      [Index]


    PORTUGAL

    1. Commemorative Medal of War Disabled (Medalha Commorativa dos Mutilados en Campanha).

      [Index]


    Q
    1. [Index]


    RUMANIA

    1. Badge for the Wounded, World War I.
      The badge consisted of a piece of ribbon of the Cross for Military Merit, red with narrow sky blue edges, with a gold laurel wreth superimposed on it. (Zabarylo)

    2. Badge for the War Wounded or Invalids, World War II.
      On 19 February 1941, a circular medal badge 43 mm in diameter was instituted, depicting the head of a steel-helmeted soldier and the date 1941. This badge was worn pinned on the right breast (Zabarylo).

    3. Oakleaves.
      These were instituted by decree of 26 June 1943, whereby an oakleaf cluster emblem 28 x 10 mm could be awarded to those who had been wounded 3 or more times in action and it was worn on the ribbon. (Zabarylo)

      [Index]


    RUSSIA

    • IMPERIAL Copyright and furhter information: Houston and Koundakjian

      1. Ribbon Insignia
        A bow in the same pattern as the ribbon were awarded for combat wounds and were found on at least 11 medals from 1860 to 1904. It might also have been on the ribbons of medals awarded during WWI.

      2. Order of St. Anne
        Often awarded to officers wounded in the performance of acts of bravery or gallantry.
        Insignia of the Order of St. Anne
        Awarded to noncomissioned officers and private soldiers. A bow was added to distinguish especially meritorius service in battle, inclusive of wounds sustained in combat.

      3. Cross of St. George
      4. Wound Stripe
      5. Order of St. Olga

      [Index]

    SAUDI ARABIA

    1. War Wound Medal
      Awarded to any person who has been wounded due to enemy action. For additional wounds, an appropriate number is added to the medal. Obverse: Circular medal, enameled green with a red circle in the center. Around the outside, a series of crescents, points outwards and four torches around the circumfrance; between the torches are two crossed rifles. Ribbon: Triangular, red edges with black and green stripes in the center. (IEPE/Saudi Arabia)

    2. Military Appreciation Medal

      [Index]


    SERBIA

    1. [Index]


    SOUTH AFRICA

    1. Boer War Wound Ribbon (Lint Voor Wonden)

      [Index]


    SOUTH KOREA

    1. Wound Medal, 1. Class

      The medal is a 35 mm 5 pointed silver star with a pin back. Obverse: In the center a red enamelled Greek Cross superimpossed on the star. In the center of the cross is the National Emblem of Korea in red and blue enamel. Reverse: Korean characters in 2 lines translating "REPUBLIC OF KOREA WOUND MEDAL".

    2. Wound Medal, 2. Class

      As 1. Class, but with a light blue ribbon with a red center stripe edged with white side stripes.

    3. Wound Medal (Don pfeifer)

      1st Class: Reverse incription reads in two lines: "Republic of Korea", "Special Wound Medal". This medal was given for wounds that resulted in permanent disability. There are at least three variations in the way that the pin on the back is mounted. (There may be a variation with serial numbers, but I have no proof of that.)

      2nd Class: Two variations are known for this class. The ribbon colors are the same for both varietions.

      1st Variation: This is considered the older of the two variations. The reverse inscription reads in three lines: "Republic of Korea", "Wound Medal", "Serial Number". There is also a small difference in the way that the ribbon is attached to the medal.

      2nd Variation: This is considered the newer of the two variations. The reverse inscription is in two lines: "Republic of Korea", "Wound Medal". This is by far the more common one of the two variations. It continued to be issued for many years after the war. It is unknown why the serial number was dropped, but I suspect that the volume of paper work was too much. It would have required the Korean government to find all of the wounded veterans for the first two years of the war. And at the time, the Korean government did not have the funds to compensate wounded veterans.

      There is also a "Next of Kin Medal" issued by the Republic of Korea.

      1. Class 2. Class

      [Index]


    SPAIN
    1. Medal for Suffering for the Country
    2. Medal for 1936-39 Spanish Knights Maimed in War for the Country

      [Index]


    SYRIA

    1. Order of the Wounded
      Founded July 4, 1953 as an award to civilian and the military who are wounded while performing brave deeds in defence of Syria. Comes in one class. Badge: Four pointed bronze star with upright sword taking the place where the fifth point would ordinarely be. Gold flames appear between each ray of the star. Center medallion is green surrounded by a gold band, in turn surrounded by a red band. No star. Ribbon: Green with gold stripe towards each edge.

      [Index]


    TOGO
    1. Medal of Military Merrit

      [Index]


    TUNESIA

    1. Military Medal

      [Index]


    USA
    1. Purple Heart

      The Purple Heart was established by General George Washington at Newburgh, New York, on 7 August 1782, during the Revolutionary War. It was reestablished by the President of the United States in 1932

      The Purple Heart is awarded in the name of the President of the United States to any member of an Armed Force or any civilian national of the United States who, while serving under competent authority in any capacity with one of the U.S. Armed Services after 5 April 1917, has been wounded or killed, or who has died or may hereafter die after being wounded

      While clearly an individual decoration, the Purple Heart differs from all other decorations in that an individual is not "recommended" for the decoration; rather he or she is entitled to it upon meeting specific criteria.

      A Purple Heart will be issued to the next of kin of each person entitled to a posthumous award.

      The award may be made to any member of the Army, who during World War I, was awarded a Meritorious Service Citation Certificate signed by the Commander in Chief, American Expeditionary Forces, or who was authorized to wear wound chevrons.

      Any member of the Army who was awarded the Purple Heart for

      For those who became Prisoners of War after 25 April 1962, the Purple Heart will be awarded to individuals wounded while prisoners of foreign forces.

    2. Wound Ribbon (proposed)
      "At the time the US entered The Great War in Apr 1917, it had been proposed that a ribbon bar be awarded for wounded personnel. The ribbon bar was rejected, tho not before designed. It was decided to use the wound chevrons instead for all services. Ribbon was Old Glory Red (same shade as in the US flag's red stripes) with a central white stripe. Ribbon is 35mm from left to right and the central stripe is 5mm wide. There is a book out called US MILITARY MEDALS 1939 to PRESENT by Col Frank Foster & Mr Lawrence Borts, and while no picture of the wound ribbon, mention of it is made about it under The Purple Heart Information". ((Rev Fr) Bruce)

      War Department General Order 134 ( 12 October 1917), issued under the authority of Secretary of War Newton D. Baker:
      "XI. 1. Every officer and enlisted man who has been wounded in action since April 6, 1917, or who may hereafter be so wounded, is authorized to wear ribbons for such wounds under the following conditions:
      (a) That one ribbon only is authorized for wound or wounds, received on the same date..."

      War Department Regulation (No. 42, C. No. 1) issued on 29 December 1917:
      "1601/2. Ribbons to indicate wounds received in action. To be of silk and composed of a band of red (1/2 inch), a band of white (1/2 inch) and a band of blue (1/2 Inch. The whole to be 1 1/2 inches wide and 3/8 inch long. ... " (Houston and Koundakjian)

    3. Wound Stripe
    4. Next-of-Kin Gold Stars
    5. Mariners's Medal (Merchant Marine)
    6. M.I.A. Medallion
    7. C.I.A. Exceptional Service Medallion
      For injury or death resulting from service in an area of hazard.

      Purple Heart

      [Index]


    USSR
    1. Wound badge

      The wound badge was established in July 1942. It was awarded to all soldiers (and probably civilians) for wounds sustained in action. It comes in two classes: for light and for heavy wounds. The distinction is unclear, but the heavy wound was probably that, which required immediate surgical treatment or was a direct threat to the life of the wounded. The badge is a ribbon bar 43 x 5 or 6 mm, red for the light and golden for the heavy wound. It was worn on all types of clothes, military and civilian, on the right side of chest, above the order badges. Badges for multiple wounds were worn one above another. I have no exact information, but it is likely that the badge continues to be awarded in the Russian Federation. (Lukasz Gaszewski)

      [Index]


    VIETNAM

    • South

    1. Wound Medal (Military)

    Wound Medal (Military)

    [Index]

    W
    1. [Index]


    X
    1. [Index]


    YEMEN

    Link: IEPE/Yemen -Copyright: Ed Haynes

    1. Yemen Arab Republic:
      Wound Badge.

    2. People's Democratic Republic of Yemen:
      Order of War Wounded.

    3. Republic of Yemen:
      Wound Badge.

      [Index]


    YUGOSLAVIA

    1. [Index]


    Z
    1. [Index]


    Literature:
    1. William E. Hamelman: German Wound Badges (ISBN 0-931065-07-0)

    2. Arthur Houston and Vicken Koundakjian: Wound medals, insignia and next of kin awards of the Great War, (1995, OMSA monograph).

    3. Robbie Johnson: Canadian War Service Badges 1914-1954 (1995, ISBN 0-9698070-0-7)

    4. Rolf Michaelis: Die geschichte der deutschen Verwundetenabzeichen. (1992)

    5. C. P. Mulder and A. A. Purves: Bibliography of Orders and Decorations. (1999, ISBN 87-7838-455-9) Published by Odense University Press.

    6. J. M. Zabarylo: Wound Medals, Badges & Next-of-Kin Awards of the World.(1988, ISBN 0-920030-27-0)

      [Index]


    Links:
    1. Medal Net
      The Medal Net is maintained to provide assistance to researchers of Orders, Decorations and Medals awarded primarily by British Commonwealth countries.

    2. IEPE
      International Electronic Phaleristic Encyclopedia

    3. ODM Webring
      The Orders, Deocrations & Medals Ring

      This "Orders, Decorations & Medals Webring"  site is owned by
      Henrik Nedergaard Olsen.

      Want to join the Orders, Decorations & Medals Webring?
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    4. Orders and Medals Society of America
      The Orders and Medals Society of America, Incorporated, is a nonprofit corporation chartered under Articles of Incorporation in the State of California. Its purpose is to foster and promote the educational development of interested parties through the research, recording and dissemination of information and knowledge of Orders of Chivalry, decorations, medals and other honors, past and present, military and civil, of the world community of nations.

      [Index]


    Guestbook:
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      [Index]


    Unidentified
    1. Wound Medal. Given for a wound received in the line of duty where transportation to a medical facility is reqiired and extended treatment and/or hospitalization is required to care for the injury. (Tri-Community Volunteer Fire Dept,Chattanooga, Tennessee, ??? )

      [Index]


    Phantasy, games, movies etc.
    1. NADF Wound Medal. Awarded for sustaining personal injury caused by enemy action, either in war. occupation, or police action NADF MEDALS

      [Index]


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