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© 2000-2002 Treasured Memories & Alta Fay Ratliff. The "Official" Pike Co. Ky. genealogy page researching the Specific surnames of Ratliff, Spears, Cox, Stewart, Roberts, Childers, Cantrell, Sanders, Adkins, Tackett, Lambert & allied families. All rights reserved. All material on this Website, including text, photographs, graphics, code and/or software, are protected by international copyright and trademark laws. Unauthorized use is not permitted. You may not modify, copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, transmit or distribute, IN ANY MANNER, either electronic or mechanical, the material on this Web Site!
|This is my great grandmother, Ellie Adkins Ratliff and myself as a small child (Alta Fay Ratliff).|
|the Adkins family can trace their ancestors back to the ancient territories of the English and Scottish Border Ridings between the 11th and 12th centuries.
The Shield is: Silver, a cross formed by fleur de lys between four black stars.
The Crest is: A Nag's head.
The motto is: "Vincit cum legibus arma". (He shall repress violence with laws)
ADKINS: is a Patronymic name, derived from the early given name Adam (Hebrew adama = red earth or man), originating in England, France, Catalan, Italy, Germany, and Poland, as well as the Ashkenazic Jewish, Dutch and Flemish. Diminutive forms of Adam are Adkin, Atkin, Aitkin, Adnett, Adnitt , and Ade . Italian variants are Adami, Dami ; Polish and Jewish versions include Adamski . The Hugarian cognate is Adam , in Provencal it is Azam , in Spain, Adan .The name ADKINS originated during the Thirteenth and Fourteenth centuries in England.
Charles Bardsley states in his "English and Welsh Surnames" that "...the surname ADKINS was derived from a combination of the surname Adam and the diminutive kin." Following one tradition of the Anglo-Saxon people a well liked child would have the first syllable of his name combined with the diminutive kin to form a new name. In our case, the first syllable of Adam (Ad) was combined with the diminutive kin to form Adkin. Adkin would then be the child's pet or nickname and in many cases would become his legal name for life. In old English, the name was spelled ADEKYN, however, in later centuries the name according to Bardsley "...was sharpened to Adkin." Bardsley continues "All the other spellings were formed by misspelling." This method of name forming was also used to identify a son named after his father much as we use Jr. today. A child named after his father, Adam, would be called Adkin to indicate 'Little Adam' or son of Adam.
The first known recorded use of the name occurred two times in 1273 when a man by the name of Adam LeFullere was listed on the Hundred Roll as Adekyn LeFullere. This Adam LeFullere was most likely a son of Adam and this entry signified that he was "Little" Adam LeFullere thus Adekyn LeFullere.
The preceding has taken our name through its first transition from Adam to Adkin; following we will make the progression to Adkins. During the Thirteenth century in the London area a move had started to give all people two names. This movement was initiated because it had become nearly impossible (where large numbers of people had gathered-London for example) for record keepers such as tax collectors to differentiate people of the same given name. Although the use of two names was started for this reason, it led to the common tradition of family names, thus making it possible for people to trace their ancestry which was and still is impossible to do prior to the Thirteenth century. This two-name policy gradually spread throughout the British Isles so that by the time our ancestors came to America-early 1600s-it was in full compliance.
When this policy (giving everyone two names) was being implemented, the official charged with the responsibility would use one of five ways to gain the second name: Matrinimical - after the mother - produced such names as Janeson (Jane's son); Personal - Characteristic - giving us the names Short, Long, Redd, etc.; Location - provides names such as Hill, Lane, Rivers, etc.; Occupation - provides names such as Smith, Carpenter, Miller, etc; Patrinimical - after the father - provides names such as Stephenson, Johnson, etc. The last method led to the development of our name. A person named Adkin would have a son named Noah (for example) and the official would say "that is Noah, son of Adkin," and then list the son's name as Noah ADKINSON with the son indicating son of. After coming to America, most families dropped the "on" as ours did, and the name became Adkins with the "s" left as the indication that the name originally ended in "on".
The earliest proven records of our family from 1716 through the Revolutionary War had the name entered, most often, as Atkinson although Adkins, Adkinson, and Atkins were used. Our earliest known ancestor William V. Adkins is entered in Henrico, Goochland, Brunswick, and Lunenberg Counties of Virginia with all four of the above spellings. These different spellings of the name most often occurred as a result of record keeping misspellings. Since the Revolutionary War all known family members have spelled the name Adkins.
The many spellings of the name (Adkyn, Adkyns, Adkynson, Atkyn, Atkynson, Adkinson, Attekson, Addykin, Akin, Akins, as well as the above four) came about during the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth centuries. Many people, because of their extremely primitive living conditions, did not learn to read and write thus when some government official (census taker, court clerk, etc) needed to record the name they did it phonetically or simply as they thought it should be.
The above was taken directly from the book written by:
Ronnie Adkins "ADKINS Land of York to Beech Fork"
|Descendants of Mose Adkins
Generation No. 1
1. MOSE2 ADKINS (HENRY DOC1) was born February 12, 1879, and died October 14, 1956. He married (1) ETHEL JUSTICE GRAPEVINE. She was born March 19, 1909. He married (2) NANCY ADKINS May 20, 1897, daughter of WILLIAM ADKINS and FRANCIS ADKINS. She was born October 28, 1880 in Alka, Pike County KY.
Notes for NANCY ADKINS:
Married at the home of W.D. Adkins.
Children of MOSE ADKINS and ETHEL GRAPEVINE are:
i. MYRTLE3 ADKINS, b. Rockhouse, Pike County, KY; d. Died as a baby.
ii. BOBBY RAY ADKINS, b. June 07, 1937, Rockhouse, Pike County, KY.
iii. HANNAH JOSEPHINE ADKINS, b. October 25, 1939, Rockhouse, Pike County, KY.
iv. DELPHIA ADKINS, b. August 07, 1941, Rockhouse, Pike County, KY.
v. EVELYNE ADKINS, b. March 04, 1944, Rockhouse, Pike County, KY.
vi. BILLY JAMES ADKINS, b. March 21, 1946, Rockhouse, Pike County, KY.
Children of MOSE ADKINS and NANCY ADKINS are:
2. vii. STELLA3 ADKINS, b. June 25, 1899, Alka, Pike County KY; d. January 01, 1946.
3. viii. HENRY DAN ADKINS, b. September 12, 1900, Alka, Pike County KY; d. March 09, 1963.
4. ix. ELLIE ADKINS, b. April 11, 1904, Alka, Pike Co. KY (Greasy Creek, ky.); d. April 04, 1992, Ohio.
5. x. MERROW ADKINS, b. April 11, 1904, Alka, Pike County KY.
xi. ANDY ADKINS, b. August 12, 1907, Alka, Pike County KY; m. OTTIE COLEMAN.
Notes for ANDY ADKINS:
Buried at Wolf pit.
6. xii. PERRY ADKINS, b. January 03, 1912, Alka, Pike County KY.
xiii. SAMMIE ADKINS, b. December 12, 1918, Alka, Pike County KY; d. March 03, 1992; m. ZETTIE THACKER.
Notes for SAMMIE ADKINS:
Sammie and Zettie had no children.
Generation No. 2
2. STELLA3 ADKINS (MOSE2, HENRY DOC1) was born June 25, 1899 in Alka, Pike County KY, and died January 01, 1946. She married DELMON HYLTON.
Children of STELLA ADKINS and DELMON HYLTON are:
7. i. ELMER4 HYLTON.
8. ii. JAMES EDWARD HYLTON.
9. iii. PAUL HYLTON.
iv. DELMON JR. HYLTON, m. PEARL GREENE.
Notes for PEARL GREENE:
Pearl Greene had children from a previous marriage.
10. v. EASTER HYLTON.
vi. AMOS HYLTON, m. BEVERLY UNKNOWN.
vii. MOSE HYLTON, d. died at birth.
Notes for MOSE HYLTON:
Mose and Nancy Helton were twins.
11. viii. NANCY HYLTON.
12. ix. JIM HYLTON, b. September 09, 1922; d. December 28, 1974.
3. HENRY DAN3 ADKINS (MOSE2, HENRY DOC1) was born September 12, 1900 in Alka, Pike County KY, and died March 09, 1963. He married EFFIE CHILDERS. She died February 17, 1945.
Children of HENRY ADKINS and EFFIE CHILDERS are:
i. IDA4 ADKINS, b. Greasy Creek, Pike County KY.
ii. FLORIE ADKINS, b. Greasy Creek, Pike County KY.
13. iii. CHARLIE ADKINS, b. Greasy Creek, Pike County KY.
14. iv. EUGENE ADKINS, b. Rockhouse, Pike County, KY.
15. v. RAYMOND ADKINS, b. November 21, 1919, Rockhouse, Pike County, KY.
16. vi. ELZIE ADKINS, b. November 21, 1923, Greasy Creek, Pike County KY; d. January 1986.
17. vii. ROSIE ADKINS, b. April 18, 1926.
18. viii. PAUL RANDALL ADKINS, b. December 17, 1945, Rockhouse, Pike County, KY.
4. ELLIE3 ADKINS (MOSE2, HENRY DOC1)1 was born April 11, 1904 in Alka, Pike Co. KY (Greasy Creek, ky.), and died April 04, 1992 in Ohio. She married MARION COLOMBUS RATLIFF1 August 29, 1928, son of JEFFERSON RATLIFF and NANCY HAMILTON. He was born July 20, 1890, and died October 13, 1940 in Pike County, KY.
Notes for MARION COLOMBUS RATLIFF:
Marrige to Myrtle Preston took place at the home of J.W. Walker`s in Johnson County KY
Children of ELLIE ADKINS and MARION RATLIFF are:
i. DENVER4 RATLIFF, m. MARTHA GRACE LYDIC, 1954.
Notes for DENVER RATLIFF:
Had no children.
Notes for MARTHA GRACE LYDIC:
Had no children.
19. ii. RALPH RATLIFF.
20. iii. JUNE SYLVIA RATLIFF.
21. iv. HARVEY RATLIFF, b. July 17, 1916; d. November 17, 1960, Greasy Creek, Pike Co. KY.
22. v. RAY CLIFFORD RATLIFF, b. April 23, 1932; d. January 21, 1999.
23. vi. ANDY FREEMAN RATLIFF, b. March 30, 1933; d. March 05, 1988.
24. vii. JOSEPH `JOE` RATLIFF, b. March 05, 1938; d. November 30, 2000, Shelbiana, Pike Co. KY.
25. viii. MARY MAGDELINE RATLIFF, b. March 05, 1938; d. Living.
26. ix. HERBERT HOOVER RATLIFF, b. April 26, 1929; d. Living.
27. x. Ruby RATLIFF md. James Scalf.
|The color of each state above indicates how frequently you will find someone with the ADKINS surname in each state. For instance, if a state is colored red, then 1 in 100 people (or more) in that state have the surname. Similarly, yellow means approximately 1 in 300 have the surname, green means 1 in 1000, and blue means 1 in 10,000 (or less).|