Clayton M. Sherwood:
Diary of Foreign Service, August 1917 to February 1919
Thanks are expressed to online correspondent Arthur Dykes for providing a number of clarifications and corrections to specific abbreviations and various references throughout the entire text.
A.W.O.L Absent without leave or permission.
B.C. Battery commander or control.
billet - Lodging for troops. A written order directing that such lodging be provided.
Boche Derogatory term for Germans.
cantonment A group of temporary billets for troops.
cooties Parasitic insects, usually lice, found externally on the body.
detail - The selection of one or more troops for a particular duty, usually a fatigue duty; the personnel so selected; also, the duty assigned.
duckboard - A board or boardwalk laid across wet or muddy ground or flooring.
dugout - A pit dug into the ground or on a hillside and used as a shelter.
F.A. Field Artillery.
fatigue Manual or menial labor, such as barracks cleaning, assigned to soldiers.
fatigues Clothing worn by military personnel for labor or for field duty.
formation A specified arrangement or deployment, as of troops for inspection.
gin Any of several machines or devices, especially a machine for hoisting or moving heavy objects such as the cannon mentioned here.
H.M.O. Heavy marching order.
hardtack A hard biscuit or bread made with only flour and water.
Heinies Derogatory term for Germans.
Huns Derogatory term for Germans.
K.P. or kitchen police Enlisted military personnel assigned to work in a kitchen. Also, military duty assisting cooks.
lachrymose gas tear gas
leggins Leggings; stocking-like garments worn on the legs and tied to the short trousers.
lighter A large flat-bottomed barge, especially one used to deliver or unload goods to or from a cargo ship or transport goods over short distances.
M.G. Machine gun.
mess An amount of food, as for a meal, course, or dish. Also, a serving of soft, semiliquid food.
mess hall Building where food is served.
mill Often a building or group of buildings equipped with machinery for processing raw materials into finished or industrial products, often referred to here as a punishment detail for unruliness or other offenses.
mustard gas An oily, volatile liquid, (ClCH2CH2)2S, corrosive to the skin and mucous membranes. It causes severe, sometimes fatal respiratory damage. It was introduced in World War I as a chemical warfare agent.
muster A gathering, especially of troops, for service, inspection, review or roll call. The people assembled for such a gathering.
N.A. Naval Artillery.
O.D. Officer of the day, in charge of guards on duty.
quartermaster An officer responsible for the food, clothing, and equipment of troops.
retreat Withdrawal of a military force from a dangerous position or from an enemy attack. The signal for such withdrawal. A bugle call or drumbeat signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset, as on a military base. The military ceremony of lowering the flag.
reveille The sounding of a bugle early in the morning to awaken and summon people in a camp or garrison. The first military formation of the day. A signal to get out of bed.
S.A. A Salvation Army charitable support service site.
slum or slumgullion A thin stew of meat and vegetables.
tick Cover for straw mattress.
Y.M.C.A. A Young Mens Christian Association charitable support service site.
Original text © 2002-2005 by MysteryVisits.com, Willowshade, West Grove, PA
Foreword and Summary
August 1917 |
September 1917 | October 1917
November 1917 | December 1917
January 1918 |
February 1918 |
March 1918 | April 1918
May 1918 | June 1918 |
July 1918 |
September 1918 | October 1918 |
November 1918 |
January 1919 | February 1919
Battle analysis |
THIS PAGE: DEFINITIONS |
Names | Family
© 2002-2004 by MysteryVisits.com, Willowshade, West Grove, PA
Note: This project may be reproduced only with written permission from its preparers. Because this is a work in progress, additions, suggestions, challenges, corrections and explanations are necessary, requested and welcomed. Send them to John C. Sherwood or visit MysteryVisits.com.
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