Battle of Iwo Jima was fought between the United States and Imperial Japan during February and March of 1945, during the Pacific Campaign of World War II. As a result of the battle, the United States gained control of the island and the airfields located there. The battle is famous for the raising of the US flag by American troops
on Mt. Suribachi.
Japan suffered a heavy loss; about 21,000 Japanese troops were entrenched on the island, and only 200 survived. The fighting was intense and the American troops captured the highest point, Mount
Suribachi, while losing 6,821 men. The U.S. was obviously gaining ground in the Pacific theater at this point in the war, and the victory at Iwo Jima was another step towards the main islands of Japan. (The island was quite valuable as a base for aircraft.) For the Japanese, it was a loss of ground and a sign of impending