|It seems we did have some Haupts in rather "high" places. I have recently discovered the Haupts of Pappenheim. Pappenheim was a small "statelet" from about the 1130's to 1806. In 1806, it was absorbed by the present state of Bavaria. Today, it is located in northwestern Bavaria. There is a village of Pappenheim located on the Altmuhl River, directly north of Augsburg and halfway between Augsburg and Furth. This village is the center most point of the "Pappenheim" state. Pappenheim was the seat of the Hereditary Imperial Marshals (Generals) of the German Nation within the Holy Roman Empire. This Imperial Hereditary Marshalship was confirmed to the Marshals of Pappenheim by the Holy Roman Emperor Ludwig IV (also known as Ludwig the Bavarian), in 1334. At which time, the 2nd family crest (or wappen) was created - see below. Ludwig IV (1282-1347) was previously Duke of Upper Bavaria, Duke of Bavaria, Count of the Palatinate, and German King by 1314. By 1328, he was Holy Roman Emperor. He is of the House of Wittelsbach and entombed in the Frauen Kirche in Munich. The Pappenheim Haupts had some good connections.
Long ago, those bearing a title, used just one name. In the late 14th century there were two Lords of Pappenheim that had the name of Haupt. Haupt (I) was born abt. 1340 and served as Lord of Pappenheim from 1387 to 1409. He was married to Agnes von Weinsberg. Their son Haupt (II) served as Lord from 1409 to 1439. Haupt (II) was born in 1380 and was 1st married to Corona von Rotenstein. They had 4 sons and 2 daughters. He was married 2nd to Barbara von Rechberg. They would have 3 sons and 2 daughters. Click here to see Pappenheim Families.
According to the Pappenheim website, the founding father - 1st Lord of Pappenheim (early 1130's) was named Heinrich Haupt. With his title, he was known as Heinricus de Pappenheim or Heinrich von Pappenheim. Heinrich Haupt is likely to have been from Meissen, Saxony. Click here for more information.
With it's origins as a Lordship, by 1628 Pappenheim had become a County headed by a Count. In German, Lords are referred to as Reichsmarschalle and Hofmarschalle. A Count would be referred to as a Graf.
A son of Haupt (II) and Corona von Rotenstein was Heinrich Haupt, Marschall von Pappenheim. This was the first generation (of this line) to use a first name with a surname in a title. Some of the children maintained the Haupt surname while others used Pappenheim as a surname or the village they were from as a surname. Other surnames that "appear" in place of Haupt are Testa and Kalendin/Calatin. Because this is a hereditary line, they are all Haupts.
Pappenheim, with nearby Weissenburg and Ellingen, was one of the base locations "Ordenssitz" for "Der Deutsche Orden" - the ancient order of German Knights also known as the Teutonic Order. In 1216, Frederick II gave the Hospital in Ellingen to the Deutsche Orden in order for them to care for their wounded crusaders. See below for time line of the Crusades.
Gottfried Heinrich (Haupt), Count (Graf) von Pappenheim, was born June 8, 1594 in Treuchtlingen. He was a calvary commander during the Thirty-Years War (1618 to 1648). He was a convert to Roman Catholicism and served with the Catholic League. He died Nov. 17, 1632 (Battle of Lutzen) - struck by two musket balls.
Ulrich (Haupt) von Pappenheim, Lt. General of the Men-at-Arms of the empire, was instructed to deliver communications from Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, to Martin Luther prior to the Diet at Worms in 1521. These communications involved the date and time that Luther was to appear before the Imperial Majesty. Ulrich's job at the Diet was to maintain order among the audience there to see Luther. In fact, the Lords and Counts of Pappenheim held a "royal" seat at all the coronations for the Holy Roman Emperors.
Pappenheim lies to the SE of the Rhon Mountain area of Bavaria (again near Frankfurt). We have known for a while now that an old Haupt line was in and around the Rhon Mountain region since the late 1200's. Perhaps these two lines are one in the same. The 1st wappen (crest) of Pappenheim (1300-1340) had a white man's head on a helmet. This man is Henricus de Pappenheim - Hero of Syracuse. The 2nd wappen of Pappenheim (1340) has the image of a black female (Moor) on the top of a helmet (see below). The 3rd wappen would have just the Moor's head on a helmet (see Pappenheim web site). A Haupt in Hessen was awarded a crest which also had a black female's image in the early 1800's. The crest of Nicholas Haupt in Augsburg has the man's head. See Haupt crests.
We also have known for a long while that a Nicholas Haupt died in Augsburg Sept. 28, 1530 who, I am sure, is tied now to the Pappenheim Haupt clan. In 1998, I came across an old book on surname migrations in Germany while visiting the State library in Koblenz. It seemed to infer that the Rheinland Haupt name came west from Bavaria during the 1500's time period. The name Nicholas Haupt does appear in the early Windesheim, Rheinland records - first appearing in 1654.
|An Ancient Franconian Nobleman Family|
|Above are the castle ruins of Burg Pappenheim which was constructed about 1130. About two thousand knights where assigned to the Pappenheim Castle.|
|Other links with information on Pappenheim:
Pappenheim, Franken-Pappenheim, Burg Pappenheim, Worldroots and Charlemagne.
|This page developed by Ray Haupt on Jan. 27, 2006|
1098 - 1st Crusade
1147 - 1149 2nd Crusade
1190 - 3rd Crusade
1202 - 1204 - 4th Crusade
1217 - 1221 - 5th Crusade
1228 - 1229 - 6th Crusade
1248 - 1254 - 7th Crusade
1270 - 8th Crusade
|The Great Crusades involved Knights of the Holy Roman Empire trying to force Muslims out of Jerusalem in order to preserve that city as a Christian city. The Teutonic Order (Deutsche Orden) was part of this endeavor. Burg Pappenheim was there from the start.|
|The Cross of the Teutonic
Order of Knights
|Pappenheim Wappen -1340|
|Gottfried Heinrich, Graf von Pappenheim b. 1594 d. 1632|
|Old Map of the State of Pappenheim by Homan|
|Pappenheim is named after the Frank leader "Papin" (also "Papo", and "Pippin the Elder") who lived during the years 580-640. He was the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia and GG Grandfather to Charlemagne. Earliest known record refers to "Papinhaim in der Sualafeld" in 802 AD.|
|In June 1633, during the Thirty-Years War, the town and castle fell to the Swedes.
In 1703, during the Spanish War of Succession, the French plundered Pappenheim. The castle, however, was successfully defended. In 1704, there was repeated plundering of the town and castle by the French.
On April 30, 1705, the French troops left Pappenheim.
In 1830, the Main Hall or "Palas" of the castle collapsed.
The Swords appearing on this page are 17th Century Pappenheim Rapiers. The helmets above are 17th Century Pappenheim Helms.
|See Matthias Johannes Bauer article on the Life of Heinrich Haupt the Founding Father of Pappenheim - written in 2005 - Click Here. It is in German.|