Well, the biologist in me has finally won out! After receiving my BA in Biology in 1979 (from UNC-Greensboro), I had the pleasure to teach science for 9 years prior to moving into school administration. Three of these teaching years were in high school biology and another 2 years or so as a part-time evening/summer instructor in biology at the community college level (in the very early 1980's).
While in high school, back in the early 70's, the understanding and details of DNA was slowly making it's way into the high school science textbooks. The structure of DNA was discovered in April 1953.
In college (late 70's), I took a fascination in the study of DNA and genetics in general. While in my senior year, I had the pleasure of attending a speech given by famed anthropologist Dr. Mary Leakey. She visited UNC-G shortly after her discovery of ancient (3.6 million years ago) Australopithecus afarensis footprints in the Laetoli Beds near Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania. In fact she used the services of my physical anthropology professor (Dr. Louise Robbins - a noted footprint expert) to help analize these footprints in 1978.
As a result of all these experiences and at the encouragement of others, I have sent off (Mar. 2008) to have my DNA tested as part of The DNA Ancestry Project. I am using the company Genebase Systems, Inc./Genetrack Biolabs, Inc. located in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. You should check out their web site at www.genebase.com or www.DNAAncestryProject.com. I have also tested in June 2009 with Family Tree DNA. Their website is www.ftdna.com. There is a link to my results posted below. I sent away for the 44 marker Y chromosome test with Genebase and the 37 marker test with Family Tree. Both the STR (identifies haplotype) and the SNP (identifies/confirms haplogroup) tests were done on the Y-DNA with Genebase.
There are a few general predictions I can make (prior to receiving the results) with regard to my broader haplogroups based on doing genealogy the old fashioned way.
My (Haupt) Y-DNA haplogroup (male line) will be most likely R1b. There is a chance it could be R1a and even a smaller chance it would be I1b. The Y-DNA (chromosome) is passed from father to sons from his father - from his father etc. - unchanged for many generations The differences in haplogroups are the result of tiny genetic mutations that have occured in the Y-chromosome hundreds and thousands of years ago. The haplogroups I have indicated above are the Y-DNA groups that populated Central Europe long ago. See below.
mtDNA is passed on from the mitochondria contained in the female egg cell. The male parent does not contribute any mtDNA. Therefore it only comes through the mother's line from her mother - from her mother etc. Sons will have the mother's mtDNA but will not pass it on to their offspring.
By studying genetic mutations (within the genetic markers) over time that result in the formation of new haplogroups from more primative haplogroups, one can trace the migration of their distant ancestors over tens-of-thousands of years. It is rather facinating to think of.
Y-DNA: male line (Haupt)
The Y-DNA STR tests show that I am in the Haplogroup R1b. Deep Clade testing with FTDNA shows R1b1a2a1a1b4 (a.k.a. R-L21). The following were my pre-test predictions. Not too bad of a prediction job!
1. I predict that the M89 marker (C > T mutation) will be present (It is!) suggesting a move out of NE Africa approximately 45,000 years ago into the area of present day Iraq and Iran. Haplogroup F.
2. I predict the M9 marker (C > G mutation) will be present (It is!) suggesting a move out of the area of present day Iran some 40,000 years ago into the Eurasian Steppe area east of the Caspian Sea in the present day area of Kazakhstan (south of Russia). Eventually, this population would migrate into the area east of present day Moscow. Haplogroup K.
3. I predict that the M45 marker (G > A mutation) will be present (It is!) suggesting a movement toward the west (into eastern Europe) about 35,000 years ago. Haplogroup P.
4. I predict that the M207 marker (A > G mutation) will be present (It is!). It began about 30,000 years ago. Haplogroup R.
5. I predict that the M343 marker (C > A mutation) will be present (It is!) indicating the beginnings of the haplogroup R1b. Allele DYS390=24 will be present - It is! This group (about 18,500 years ago) would migrate from the eastern Europe area into the Baltic Sea area (northern Germany area) with another group migrating west along the Danube River into southern Germany and the Alpine Region. From this southern Germany branch, individuals would go on to settle in the Rhein Valley and into England. Check out the following website on R1b Y-DNA in Europe by A.A. Foster (2005). Nearly 58% of the R1b's in Alpine Southern Germany are DYS390=24. Overall, 48% of the males in Germany are R1b's, 20% are R1a's, and the remaining 32% are all other haplotypes (I1a, I1b, J2, J, and a very small percentage of E1b and E3b). Using the Genebase data, the ancestral clan seems to be from Europe/Austria/Tirol. Using 6 (STR) markers, RMI was 110.21 when comparing 59 populations. Using 12 markers, RMI was 98.6 when comparing 24 populations. RMI = Relative Match Index. The more markers used - the more precise. There were no RMI's using 13 or more markers.
6. The tests should indicate either Saxony or Bavaria as to the area with the highest frequency of the Y-DNA markers (and alleles) I possess. This would be the origin of the "modern" male line. Actually, the tests show the most ancestral clan was from the Alpine region in the Tirol area of western Austria - still very close to prediction. They obviously migrated from here north into the Bavaria area - or possibly the outer perimeter of this clan simply extended into Bavaria.
The results of the Deep Clade testing with FTDNA (Aug. 2009) show that the following mutation markers are also present: M269, P311, P310, P312, L21, R-L21.
This information will also help in confirming (or denying) the relationships with other surnames with similar phonetic pronounciations (i.e. Hout, Haut, Houpe, Houp, Hope, Haub, Hawpe, Houpt, Hopt, Hape, Hapt, Hobt, etc.). Any males in these lines with these surnames are encouraged to have their DNA tested as well. Also interested in the following surnames: Pappenheim, Weishaupt, Weisshaupt, Schwartzhaupt, Schwarzhaupt, Kopf, Weiskopf, Weisskopf, and Schwartzkopf, and Schwarzkopf.
See below for the Y-DNA STR tests and the Y-DNA SNP test.
Ray Haupt last updated: Feb. 26, 2012
Return to Data Links Page
See Haupt DNA Project Results
Join the Haupt Y-DNA Project with Family Tree DNA
use the following link
You must first log into FTDNA. Then look to the left for "join projects" - click. Type Haupt or use scroll search and click. Then open full screen to see the "join" button and click.
To view my Y-DNA STR Genebase certificate - click here
To view my Y-DNA STR Family Tree DNA certificate - click here
To view my Y-DNA SNP Genebase certificate - click here
Tell me more about Y-DNA testing and Y-DNA in general
What is involved in being tested? How do I get tested?
See: Just where were your folks during the last Ice Age?
Who were we 2,800 years ago?