Sri Sri Radha Krishna
and Their eternal pastimes
The supreme realm of Vaikuntha, where old-age and death do not exist, which is situated in the spiritual sky above the material universes
from Sri Brahma-vaivarta Purana
1 Sri Narada
said: Asked by whom, and for what reason did Lord Krsna, the master of
the universes, come to the earth? O best of the knowers of the Vedas,
2 Sri Narayana
Rsi said: In ancient times, during the Varaha-kalpa, bearing a great
burden and filled with grief, the earth took shelter of the demigod
3 Accompanied by
hosts of demigods, who were all unhappy at heart to be so troubled by
the demons, she went to the assembly of Brahma, which is very difficult
4 There she saw
Brahma, the king of the demigods, who shone with spiritual power, who
was cheerfully served by the kings of the rsis, munis and siddhas...
5 ...who happily
smiled as he glanced at the Apsaras dancing and listened to the
Gandarvas beautiful singing,...
6 ...and who
chanted the two most sacred syllables Krs-na, the hairs of his body
erect and his eyes filled with tears of the ecstasy of devotion.
7 O sage,
accompanied by the demigods, the earth goddess then devotedly offered
here respectful obeisances to four-faced Brahma and told him how she was
burdened by the demons.
8 The hairs of
her body erect and her eyes filled with tears, she offered prayers and
wept. Brahma, the creator
of the universe said to her: Why do you offer prayers and weep?
9 O beautiful
one, why have you come? Please
tell. It will be auspicious. Be
steady. O beautiful one,
why are you afraid of me?
10 Brahma comforted the
earth-goddess and then respectfully asked the demigods, why have you
come to me?
11 Hearing Brahma’s words,
the demigods said to Prajapati Brahma: O Lord, the earth is overcome by
the demons and we also are in the demons’ grip.
12 You are the creator of the
worlds. Please stop (the demons).
O Brahma, the earth has taken shelter of you. You should stop (the demons).
13 O grandfather, the earth is
now tormented by the burden (of many demons).
We are also tortured by them.
Please remove the burden (they have brought).
14 After hearing the
demigods’ words, Brahma, the creator of the worlds said to the
earth-goddess: Child, throw your fears far away.
Stand happily before me.
15 O Lotus-eyed one, who has
brought this burden you cannot bear?
O beautiful one, I will take away your burden.
Things will be auspicious for you.
That is certain.
16 When she heard these words,
even though she was anxious and unhappy, she made her eyes and face
cheerful and she anxiously spoke to him.
17 The earth goddess said:
Father, please listen and I will tell the suffering in my heart.
I cannot tell this to any but a
18 A weak woman should always
be protected by her father, husband, sons and other relatives.
19 O father of the worlds, you
created me. I am not shy to
tell you. Listen, and I
will tell you who has brought the burden that crushes me.
20 I cannot bear the burden of
carrying great sinners that have no devotion to Lord Krsna and that
blaspheme the devotees.
21 I am crushed by carrying
the burden of they who do not perform their religious duties, who never
do what they should, and who have no faith in the Vedas.
22 I cannot carry the burden
of they who do not maintain their father, mother, guru, wife, sons and
23 I am crushed by the burden
of carrying they who speak lies, who have neither mercy nor truth, and
who insult their spiritual masters.
24 I am crushed by the burden
of carrying they who become enemies to their friends, who are
ungrateful, who bear false witness, who are faithless, and who rob what
is given them to protect.
25 I am crushed by the burden
of carrying they who sell the auspicious Vedic prayers and hymns and the
most auspicious name of Lord Hari.
26 I am crushed by carrying
the burden of murderers, they who become enemies of their spiritual
master, brahmanas who misuse the Vedic rituals, they who hunt animals,
they who have transformed their body into a crematorium for burning the
flesh of dead animals, and brahmanas who eat what sudras offer them.
27 I am crushed by the burden
of carrying the fools who hinder the performance of worship, yajna,
fasting, vows and sense-control.
28 I am crushed by carrying
the burden of sinners who hate the cows, brahmanas, demigods, Vaisnavas,
Lord Hari and devotion to hearing the glories of Lord Hari.
29 O Brahma, these demons
crush me even more than Sankhacuda crushed me in the past.
30 I, who have no shelter,
have told you everything. Please
give me shelter. O Lord,
please solve my problem.
31 After speaking these words
the earth-goddess wept again and again.
Seeing her weep, Brahma, who was an ocean of kindness said to
her: I will remove the burden of these demons.
32 O earth, the remedy will
come. In due course of time my master will remove your burden.
33-39 O beautiful one, the foolish demons that now place on you
yantras, mangala-kumbhas, Siva-lingas, kunkuma, honey, sticks, sandal
paste, musk, the dust of holy places, swords, gandaka swords, crystal,
padmaraga jewels, sapphires, suryakanta jewels, rudraksa beads, kusa
grass, Salagrama-silas, conchshells, tulasi, Deities, water, lamps,
stone Deities, bells, offerings of flowers and food, emeralds, knotted
sacred threads, mirrors, white camaras, gorocana, pearls, oyster shells,
manikya jewels, the Puranas, fire, camphor, axes, silver, gold, red
coral, jewels, kusa-brahmanas, water from holy places, milk, cow urine,
and cow dung, will burn on the rope of time for ten thousand years.
40 In this way Brahma
comforted the earth-goddess. Then,
accompanied by her and the demigods, Brahma, the creator of the worlds,
went to Lord Siva’s abode, Mount Kailasa.
41 Coming to that beautiful
asrama, Brahma saw, staying under an eternal banyan tree by the shore of
a river, Lord Siva...
42 ...who wore a tigerskin
garment, who was decorated with the bones of Daksa’s daughter, who
held a spear and trident, who had three eyes on each of his five
43 ...who was surrounded by
siddhas and served by the kings of yoga, who happily smiled as he
glanced at the dancing of the apsaras,...
44 ...who listened to the
tumultuous music of the Gandharvas, who affectionately glanced at
Parvati with crooked eyes,...
45 ...and who, the hairs of
his body erect in ecstasy, with his five mouths chanted Lord Hari’s
auspicious holy name on bead made from lotus seeds in the heavenly Ganga.
46 In that place Brahma, the
earth-goddess and the bowing demigods stood before Lord Siva.
47 Lord Siva stood up and for
a long time gazed at Brahma, the master of the universe.
Lord Siva affectionately bowed his head and accepted Brahma’s
48 The demigods bowed down
before Lord Siva and the earth goddess also bowed down with devotion.
Lord Siva gave them his blessing.
49 Brahma told the news to
Lord Siva, the husband of Parvati.
Lord Siva, who is kind to the devotees, at once bowed his head
when he heard it.
50 When, hearing of the
devotees’ sufferings, Siva and Parvati became unhappy, Brahma
51 Carefully reassuring them,
Brahma and Siva then sent the earth-goddess and the demigods to their
52 Then Brahma and Siva at
once went to Yamaraja’s palace. After
some thought, all three went to Lord Hari’s abode,...
53 ...the supreme realm of
Vaikuntha, where old-age and death do not exist, which is situated in
the spiritual sky above the material universes,...
54 ...which is ten million
yojanas above Brahmaloka, which is eternal, which poets and philosophers
cannot describe, which is wonderful, and which is made of jewels.
a yojana is equal to eight miles.
55 Travelling at the speed of
mind, they went to that beautiful place, where the royal paths are paved
with rubies and sapphires. Entering
Lord Hari’s palace, the three demigods saw Lord Hari,...
56 ...who sat on a jewel
throne, was decorated with jewel ornaments, and was splendid with jewel
bracelets, armlets, and anklets,...
57 ...whose cheeks were
splendid with jewel earrings, who wore yellow garments, who was
decorated with a forest garland,...
58 ...who was peaceful, who
was dear to Sarasvati, whose lotus feet were massaged by Laksmi, who was
playful as millions of Kamadevas, who smiled, who had four arms,...
59 ...who was served by His
associates Sunanda, Nanda, and Kumuda, whose entire body was anointed
with sandal paste, and who was splendid with a beautiful jewel crown.
60 To Lord Hari, whose form
was full of transcendental bliss, and who was overcome with kindness to
the devotees, the three demigods headed by Brahma bowed down, O sage,
61 Overcome with
transcendental bliss, the hairs of the bodies erect, and their necks
bowed with devotion, they offered prayers with great devotion.
62 Sri Brahma said: I offer my
respectful obeisances to the infallible and peaceful Supreme Personality
of Godhead, who is the beloved of Laksmi and the master of all.
We demigods are parts of the parts of the parts of the parts of
the parts of Him.
63 O Lord untouched by matter,
the Manus, the kings of sages, the human beings, and the moving and
unmoving entities are parts of the parts of the parts of the parts of
64-65 Sri Siva said: Who has the power to properly glorify You,
the immortal and imperishable Supreme Personality of Godhead, who are
the supreme controller and enjoyer, beginningless, the beginning of all,
whose form is filled with bliss, whose form contains everything, who is
the origin of the mystic perfections beginning with anima, who is the
cause of all, whose knowledge is perfect, who grants perfection, and who
is the form of perfection?
66 Sri Yamaraja said: Who has
the power to describe that being whom the wise say is the topic of the
Vedas, but whom the Vedas fail to describe?
67 The (material mind) can
understand forms created by the modes of material nature, but You are
not touched by the modes of nature.
How can I offer prayers to You?
68 O great sage, a person who
reads these prayers of the demigods headed by Brahma, prayers spoken in
eloquent verse, become free from difficulties and attains his desire.
69 After hearing the
demigods’ prayers, Lord Hari said to them: You go to Goloka and I will
follow with goddess Laksmi.
70 Nara-Narayana, who live in
Svetadvipa, will go to Goloka, and goddess Sarasvati will also go.
71 Ananta, My Maya, Karttikeya,
Ganesa and Savitri, the mother of the Vedas, will also follow.
72 Here I am with Laksmi and
My associates headed by Sunanda. There
I am two-armed Krsna, with Radha and the gopis.
73 I am Narayana and I am
Krsna. I am the Lord whom resides in Svetadvipa.
All the demigods headed by Brahma are considered My partial
74 The living entities headed
by the demigods, demons, and human beings are parts of the parts of the
parts of the parts of Me. You
go to Goloka and your goal will be accomplished (in the end).
75 To fulfil your desire, we
will follow you. After
speaking these words in the assembly, Lord Hari became silent.
76 Bowing down, all the
demigods went to Goloka, the wonderful transcendental abode, which is
free of old-age, and death,...
77 ...and which, by the wish
of the all-powerful Lord, is situated five hundred million yojanas above
Vaikuntha in the spiritual sky.
78 The demigods were eager to
go to that place beyond description.
Travelling at the speed of mind, they all went to the shore of
the Viraja river.
79 The demigods became filled
with wonder when they saw that beautiful and broad riverbank splendid
with pure crystal,...
80 ...glittering with pearls,
rubies, parasa jewels, and many kinds of blue, white, green and red
81 ...somewhere beautiful with
coral grass and decorated with priceless transcendental gems,...
82 ...somewhere filled with
treasuries of rubies and sapphires Brahma had never seen before,...
83 somewhere filled with
treasuries of emeralds, somewhere syamantaka jewels, and somewhere
84 ...somewhere filled with
treasuries of topaz, somewhere kaustubha jewels, and somewhere other
85 ...somewhere filled with
treasuries of jewels that are beyond description, and somewhere filled
with beautiful and delightful pastime places.
86 After gazing at this place,
the (three) demigods crossed to the farther shore, where they saw a
beautiful mountain with a hundred peaks,...
87 ...splendid with parijata
trees, filled with kalpa-vrksa trees and surabhi cows,...
88 ...ten million yojanas
high, ten times as long, and five hundred millions yojanas wide,...
89 ...on its peak a beautiful
walled rasa-dance circle ten yojanas across,...
90 ...with a thousand gardens
of fragrant blossoming flowers attended by swarms of black bees,...
91 ...splendid with jewelled
pastime palaces and with a thousand multiplied by ten million jewel
92-93 ...splendid with jewel staircases, beautiful jewel domes,
and a splendid emerald pillar studded with rubies and its middle
decorated with beautiful sapphires,...
94 ...splendid with jewel
walls and four gates of many jewels,...
95 ...with many mango
trees tied with diamonds, and with many banana trees,...
96 ...with the leaves of
white-rice plants, with fruits, and with durva grass, anointed with
sandal, aguru, musk and kunkuma,...
97 ...filled, O sage with many
millions of youthful gopis decorated with jewel ornaments, splendid with
98 ...decorated with jewel
bracelets, armlets, and anklets, their cheeks splendid with jewel
99 ...their fingers
beautifully decorated with jewel rings, their toes splendid with a
network of jewels,...
100 ...decorated with jewel ornaments,
splendid with jewel crowns, their nostrils splendidly decorated with a
101 ...the place below their curly hair
splendid with a dot of red sindura, their complexions the colour of
beautiful campaka flowers, (their limbs) anointed with sandal paste,...
102 ...dressed in yellow garments, their
beautiful lips bimba fruits, the splendour of their faces eclipsing the
103 ...their eyes eclipsing the beauty of
lotuses blooming in autumn, their eyes glistening with black kajjala and
designs drawn in musk,...
104 ...their braids decorated with malata
blossoms that attract black bees greedy for nectar,...
105 ...their graceful motions defeating the
elephants and khanjana birds, the crooked motions of their curved
eyebrows suggesting a slight smile,...
106 ...splendid with teeth like ripe
pomegranate seeds, decorated with raised noses opulent like the king of
107 ...their heavy breasts like the
elephant king’s cheeks, their thighs firm and their hips broad,...
108 ...their hearts wounded by Kama’s
arrows, passionately yearning to gaze on the full moon of (Lord
109 ...(their forms) beautiful, attached to
serving Sri Radha’s lotus feet, and by Radha’s order engaged in
protecting that place,...
110 ...which was always filled with a
hundred thousand pastime lakes filled with red and white lohita lotuses,
splendid padma lotuses, sweetly humming black bees,...
111 ...and which had a thousand gardens of
blossoming flowers and many forest cottages with couches of flowers,...
112 ...betel nuts and camphor, jewel lamps,
113 ...and wonderful, beautiful, and
colourful flower garlands. O
sage, after seeing this rasa dance circle, the (three) demigods left
114 Then they saw Radha-Krsna’s favourite
forest, which was named Vrndavana forest, which was extraordinarily
beautiful and charming,...
115 ...which was a place where Radha and
Krsna enjoyed pastimes, which was filled with kalpa-vrksa trees and
gentle breezes carrying drops of water from the shore of the Viraja
116 ...which was fragrant with musk designs
everywhere, filled with new sprouts and with the cooing of cuckoos,...
117 ...beautiful with somewhere keli-kadamba
trees, somewhere mandara trees, somewhere sandal trees, and somewhere
118 ...scented with fragrant flowers of
mango, nagaranga and panasa trees,...
119 ...filled with forests of tala,
coconut, jambu, badari, kharjura,...
120 ...guvakamrataka, jambira, banana,
sriphala, and pomegranate trees, O Narada,...
121 ...splendid with many piyala, sala, and
banyan trees, with many trees bearing ripe tala fruits,...
122 ...with many beautiful nimba, salmali,
tintidi, and with other kinds of trees,...
123 ...splendid with many kalpa-vrksa trees
everywhere, with mallika, malati, kunda, ketaki, and madhavi vines,...
124 ...with many yuthika flowers, with five
hundred million forest cottages, O sage,...
125 ...with jewel lamps, with decorations
fragrant with incense, with fragrant breezes,...
126 ...and with beds made of flowers
decorated with a network of flower garlands and scented with sandal
filled with sweet sounds of bees greedy for nectar,...
127 ...filled with gopis beautifully
decorated with jewel ornaments, by Radha’s order protected by five
hundred million gopis,...
128 ...filled with thirty-two forests of
which beautiful, beautiful, beautiful, secluded Vrndavana is the
129 ...filled, O sage, with many perfectly
ripe, sweet, delicious fruits, filled with many cows and barns,...
130 ...filled with a thousand fragrant
gardens of blossoming flowers (attracting) hosts of bees greedy for
131 ...and splendid with the jewel homes of
five hundred million gopas whose forms were like Sri Krsna’s.
132 After gazing at beautiful Vrndavana,
the (three) demigods went to circular Goloka, which was ten million
yojanas in size,...
133 ...which was surrounded by a jewel wall
with four gates protected by many gopa gatekeepers,...
134 ...and which had five hundred million
asramas of Lord Krsna’s servants, asramas studded with jewels and
filled with many delightful things,...
135 ...one billion asramas of Lord
Krsna’s devotees, asramas even more beautifully made of many
136 ...one hundred million asramas of Lord
Krsna’s associates, asramas even more beautifully made of precious
137 ...ten million jewel asramas of the
Lord’s intimate associates, whose forms were like Lord Krsna’s,...
138 ...320 million jewel asramas of gopis
purely devoted to Sri Radha,...
139 ...one hundred million beautiful jewel
asramas of these gopis’ maidservants,...
...and one billion beautiful asramas of they who, purified by
austerities in a hundred births, became very firm devotees on earth in
Bharata-varsa, awake or asleep rapt in meditation on Lord Hari, and
chanting “Radha-Krsna! Krsna!” day and night, asramas made of many
jewels, filled with many delightful things, splendid with flower
couches, flower garlands, white camaras, jewel mirrors, many sapphires,
curtains of fine cloth, and roofs decorated with many domes made of
145 After gazing at this wonderful place,
the (three) demigods went a little further and happily saw a beautiful
and eternal banyan tree,...
146 ...five yojanas across and twice as
many high, with a thousand trunks and countless branches,...
147 ...and beautiful with jewel platforms
and many ripe jewel fruits. At
the root of that tree the demigods saw many cowherd boys who had forms
like Lord Krsna,...
148 ...and who were dressed in yellow
garments, attached to playing, handsome, decorated with jewel ornaments,
and all of whose limbs were anointed with sandal paste.
149 The demigods gazed at these close
associates of Lord Hari and then looked far away at the beautiful royal
150 ..which was paved with sapphires,
rubies, diamonds, rucaka jewels, and jewels the colour of red sindura,...
151 ...which had many benches and jewel
pavilions, which was anointed with sandal, aguru, musk, and kunkuma,...
152-3 ...which was splendid with many banana trees decorated
with yoghurt drops, leaves, rice, fruit, flowers, sandal anointed
flowers strung on fine threads, kunkuma, auspicious jewel bells, and
branches filled with fruit,...
154 ...decorated with flower garlands
anointed with sindura, kunkuma, and fragrant sandal,...
155 ...and filled with many playful gopis.
156-8 Then, seeing in the distance a beautiful place surrounded
by a moat and jewel walls with sixteen gates guarded by gatekeepers,
splendid with jewel stairways, beautiful curtains more pure than fire,
mirrors, white camaras, wonderful jewel beds, and flower garlands and
anointed with sandal, aguru, musk, and kunkuma, the demigods became very
eager to proceed.
159 O Narada, after going a short distance
they saw the beautiful asrama of Radha, who is the queen of the rasa
160 ...the queen of the demigods, the best
of the gopis, and She who to Lord Krsna is more dear than life, a
beautiful, beautiful asrama,...
161 ..that was completely indescribable,
that no great pandita could describe, that was a great circle of six
A gavyuti is equal to two miles.
162 ...that had a hundred palaces, shone
with the splendour of many jewels, was made of the best of the best of
163 ...was beautiful with many impassable
deep moats, filled with a hundred flower gardens and many kalpa-vrksa
trees, constructed with many jewels, surrounded by great walls,...
164 ...and was made with jewel benches and
seven wonderful jewel gates, O sage,...
165 ...and a series of seven gates that
led, one after the other, to a place of sixteen gates.
166 Gazing at this great wall as tall as a
thousand bows and splendidly beautiful with many small jewel domes, the
(three) demigods became filled with wonder.
167 Keeping it on their right, they happily
went a small distance behind that asrama.
168 There they saw a billion asramas of
many gopas and gopis.
169 They gazed again and again at the
beautiful, beautiful ever new asramas of the gopas and gopis.
170 After thus seeing all of Goloka, the
demigods returned to the beautiful circle of Vrndavana forest.
171 The demigods saw the mountain of a
hundred peaks and went past it to the Viraja river.
When they went past the Viraja river they saw nothing more.
172-3 Thus the demigods gazed at auspicious, wonderful,
spiritual Goloka, which had a thousand lakes, which was made of jewels,
and which, by the will of Lord Krsna and the wisdom of Sri Radha, was
situated in the spiritual sky. The
demigods then gazed at the beautiful dancing they saw there.
174 Then. O sage, as they heard beautiful,
beautifully rhythmic, nectar songs there about the glories of Sri Sri
Radha-Krsna, the demigods fainted.
175 Regaining consciousness in a moment,
and their thoughts now fixed on Lord Krsna, the demigods gazed at the
many beauties and wonders there in place after place.
176 They saw all the beautiful gopis
dressed in many different kinds of garments, some with mrdangas in their
hands, some with vinas in their hands,...
177 ...some with camaras in their hands,
some with karatalas in their hands, some with various musical
instruments in their hands, some making their jewel anklets tinkle
178 ...some making a whole network of jewel
ornaments tinkle, some spontaneously dancing as they carried jugs on
179 ...some dressed as men with others
dressed as their heroines, some dressed as Krsna with others dressed as
180 ...some in the mood of separation, and
others happily embracing each other.
As they gazed at these playful gopis, the (three) demigods
181 O Narada, going a little further, they
saw the asramas of Radha’s friends, and then the homes of Her dearest
182 ...who in beauty, virtues, dress,
appearance, youthful spirit, good fortune, and age were just like Her.
183 Now please hear the names of Sri
Radha’s thirty-three gopi friends, who are beyond description.
184 They are Susila, Sasikala, Yamuna,
Madhavi, Rati, Kadambamala, Kunti, Jahnavi, Svayamprabha,...
185 ...Candramukhi, Padmamukhi, Savitri,
Sudhamukhi, Subha, Padma, Parijata, Gauri, Sarvamangala,...
186 ...Kalika, Kamala, Durga, Bharati,
Sarasvati, Gangambika, Madhumati, Campaparna, Sundari,...
187 ...Krsnapriya, Sati, Nandani, and
Nandana, their forms were like Sri Radha’s.
Their asramas were made of jewels,...
188 ...decorated with many wonders,
beautiful, splendid with many domes of priceless jewels,...
189 ...splendid, and made with the best of
jewels. This world is
beyond the material world. There
is no world higher than this.
190 Above this there is nothing.
What exists culminates in this world.
In the same way, there is nothing below the seven realms of
191 Below them is only impassable and
invisible water and darkness. Now
you have heard from me all about the boundaries of the universe and what
lies beyond the universe.
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