These pages present travel information about Sumonder villages
Halaman ini menyajikan informasi travel mengenai kampung-kampung Sumonder
Yesterday (8 December 2005) I took a small
tour inside Sonder. I and my wife were accompanied by two tukang ojeks
(riders who use their motorcycles as two wheels taxi). We visited the old and
long forgotten stones of Sonder. These stones are called Waruga. I took some
pictures of these warugas with my digital camera where its batteries were nearly
exhausted. The waruga stones are scattered around this small town. All of them
are in poor condition, no maintenance and no protection. Young Sonderese
generation have forgotten how important these stones are. According to village
elders, these stones are the burial place of the village founders (dotu-dotu)
of Sonder. Bodies of Minahasan ancestors were kept inside these stones.
Although the function of Waruga was mainly as the burial place for the villagers, not all of the people could be buried inside the waruga stones, only those who were respected by the villagers. Bodies or bones of these dotu-dotu, sometimes with his family, were put inside the waruga. Usually they were chief of tribe, military commanders (tonaas), traditional priests (walian), and village leaders. People also put war equipments such as, spear (wengkow), guns, the machete and the shield (kelung) there. According to the history of Minahasa, it is estimated that these waruga stones have existed since around the 4th and the 6th AD.
Interview by Charles Roring with Oom Max Roring in Sonder village, Minahasa
Interview by Charles Roring with Alex Roring in Manokwari, West Papua