These pages present travel information about Sumonder villages

Halaman ini menyajikan informasi travel mengenai kampung-kampung Sumonder

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Waruga stones of Sonder, the long forgotten ancestral stones of Minahasan people
by Charles Roring


How to get to Sonder Minahasa


Waruga stones of Sonder village, Minahasa, photo by Charles Roring

Waruga stone under the house of

Siwu Tewu family, Kolongan Atas

village, Sonder sub-regency, Minahasa,

photo by Charles Roring

  Yesterday (8 December 2005) I took a small tour inside Sonder. I and my wife were accompanied by two tukang ojeks (riders who use their motorcycles as two wheels taxi). We visited the old and long forgotten stones of Sonder. These stones are called Waruga. I took some pictures of these warugas with my digital camera where its batteries were nearly exhausted. The waruga stones are scattered around this small town. All of them are in poor condition, no maintenance and no protection. Young Sonderese generation have forgotten how important these stones are. According to village elders, these stones are the burial place of the village founders (dotu-dotu) of Sonder. Bodies of Minahasan ancestors were kept inside these stones.
Unfortunately, the elders in Minahasa do not have any permanent or traditional mechanisms to hand on the cultural history of Minahasa to their sons and daughters. Minahasan people need to maintain and preserve their cultural heritage so that the next generation Minahasan will not forget their own identity.

    Although the function of Waruga was mainly as the burial place for the villagers, not all of the people could be buried inside the waruga stones, only those who were respected by the villagers. Bodies or bones of these dotu-dotu, sometimes with his family, were put inside the waruga. Usually they were chief of tribe, military commanders (tonaas), traditional priests (walian), and village leaders. People also put war equipments such as, spear (wengkow), guns, the machete and the shield (kelung) there. According to the history of Minahasa, it is estimated that these waruga stones have existed since around the 4th and the 6th AD.


Interview by Charles Roring with Oom Max Roring in Sonder village, Minahasa

Interview by Charles Roring with Alex Roring in Manokwari, West Papua



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