Leviticus 2: 13
“And for the
oblation of thy meat offering shall thou season with salt: neither shall
thou suffer salt of the covenant of thy God be lacking from thy meat
offering: with all thy offerings thou shall offer salt”
This command contrasts with the command given in verse 11 where the
Israelites are commanded not to offer leaven and honey in any grain
offering offered to God by fire. Let us examine what leaven and honey
does in grain doe.
Leaven speeds up the fermentation process in grain doe causing it to
rise and become spongy, as a result of which the pastry when baked is
more palatable to man. The process is one that denatures (corrupts) and
inflates the offering.
The pastry, made out of corn or wheat is used symbolically in the bible
to indicate the lifestyle of man, thus the showbread in the Holy Place,
sainted with perfume symbolizes a lifestyle that could continually abide
in God’s presence, continuously surrounded by the light of the
revelation of God; a lifestyle lived to please God; a lifestyle of
Thus, bread offered with leaven would symbolize a corrupt or at best
modified lifestyle, modified to suit mans tastes, amplified and elevated
in human perception to glorious proportions but carries little weight
with God; a lifestyle aimed at pleasing and impressing men but has
little true value in the direction it claims to be directed; a lifestyle
of pride and false piety.
Honey was the universal sweetener of ancient times; wherever we use
sugar today, they used honey. But honey then as today come from bees.
Hornets, as they and other fling, stinging, territorial insects where
called symbolizes terror or the grip of terror. The sting and the honey
of bees are, in essence, opposite sides of the same insect; what could
be as painful as the sting of a bee? And what could be as sweet as its
honey? The honey is in essence the intense pleasure you could derive
from approaching the bee – an unpredictable and temperamental insect –
correctly, and the sting is the punishment for crossing the bee. The bee
is thus an ideal tyrant.
The bee is the centre of a carrot and whip balance; a systematized mode
of human behavioural control; an institution of societal value judgment
and control; a means of punishing those who do not conform to the
cooperate will and rewarding those who do; a standard of righteousness
apart from God.
Thus God’s objection to Leaven and honey can be summarized in the
not share my glory with idols (imaginations) or my honour with men”
In other words, do not bring your social (sensual) values into the
worship of God, He does not appreciate them; they come to please men,
But what about salt?
Salt – then as now – does not modify the quality of taste or texture of
the “meat” to which it is added, it simply intensifies or brings out the
flavour of the taste that already exists in the food. It does not give
its own taste to the food but exposes the quality of the food itself for
easy perusal. Thus salt is a diagnostic – not a tenderizing or taste
improvement agent. The word here is “insight” (or revelation).
It is noteworthy that salt is referred to as
salt of the covenant of your God”.
In essence the order not to offer anything without salt is a call to
base our worship on an insight into a standing covenant with God. A
covenant is an agreement between two parties that states that as long as
one party fulfil his part, the other party is obligated to fulfil his
part. Thus, our religious acts are worthless without a covenant that
gives it value before God;
(faithfulness to God’s covenant with us), no man can please god”.
Also note worthy is that Paul the Apostle counsels not to eat of The
Lords Table without discerning the body of Christ. This is because The
Lord’s Table was instituted to commemorate a covenant God made with us
though the death and suffering of Jesus Christ.