DKPA Caption

stamps issued in 2001


september


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Jagdev Prasad

 

 

Jagdev Prasad (1922-1974)

Jagdev Prasad was a fearless leader from Bihar who fought for the cause of the backward and downtrodden sections of the society. Hailing from a humble background, the young Jagdev had to undergo many hardships to pursue his studies. He secured a Master's Degree in Economics from the Patna University in 1950. He joined the Socialist Party and contributed his mite to fight social inequalities and economic exploitation, which continued to stain the social fabric of India, despite the attainment of freedom. In 1967, he contested for the 4th Bihar Assembly from Kurtha and emerged victorious. He played an important role in forming the first ever coalition government in Bihar with Mahamaya Prasad Singh as the Chief Minister. He left the Government and the Party in anguish and formed his own 'Shosit Dal'. Jagdev Prasad was also noted for his suave penmanship. His journalistic career started in 1953 with 'Janata', the organ of the Socialist Party. Later, he also edited the English weekly, 'Citizen' and the Hindi weekly, 'Uday'. The life and political career of Jagdev Prasad had an unfortunate end in 1974, when he received a bullet shot in his neck in the confusion which arose out of the police firing at a rally in Kurtha, which he was addressing.   

05-09-2001 400 P Ovr Sz: 2.9x3.91 cm
Pr Sz: 2.54x3.55 cm 40 stamps/sheet Perf: 13 x 13
Photo Offset No: 0.4 Million Eagle Press Security Pvt Ltd
Rani Avantibai

Rani Avantibai, queen of Ramgarh State in central India, is remembered for her valiant fight against the British during the 1857 War of Independence, when she made the supreme sacrifice of her life for the freedom of motherland. The blatant annexations of estates by British officials antagonised the local rulers and as the events of the Revolt of 1857 unfolded, they became the most dangerous opponents of the British. Avantibai was the queen of King Vikramaditya Singh of Ramgarh. When Vikramaditya Singh became incapable of handling the affairs of the State due to ill health, Avantibai rose to the occasion and took charge of the administration. In 1851, Avantibai felt humiliated by the appointment of an English Tehsildar for Ramgarh. When the Revolt of 1857 broke out, Rani Avantibai raised an army of four thousand and led it herself. In the first encounter which took place in a village named Kheri, she routed the British troops. However, stung by the defeat the British came back with vengeance and launched an attack on Ramgarh. Avantibai's courage and fighting spirit was not enough to match their mighty military machine with all its brutal strength. The Rani was forced to leave Ramgarh and move to the dense forests on the hill of Devharigarh. Surrounded and faced with the prospect of defeat Avantibai thought it better to sacrifice her life rather than to surrender. On 20th March 1858, Rani Avantibai became a martyr.

19-09-2001  400 P Ovr Sz: 2.90 x 3.91 cm
Pr Sz: 2.54 x 3.55 cm 40 stamps/sheet Perf: 13 x 13
Photo Offset No: 0.4 Million Eagle Press Pvt Ltd
 
Rani Avantibai
Rao Tula Ram Rao Tula Ram

Rao Tula Ram (1825-1863) of Rewari (presently in Haryana) was one of the important leaders of the First War of Independence of 1857, the great armed struggle against the British East India Company's domination of India. The traditional ruler of a small state in the pargana of Rewari, Tula Ram, like many Indian chieftains, held a grudge against the British for annexing much of the vast territory of his ancestors. When the Revolt of 1857 broke out in Meerut, the Rao sprung into action without wasting any time. He took control of the local administration in Rewari, displacing the officials owing allegiance to the British and proclaimed his rule, under the sanction of Emperor Bahadur Shah of Delhi, considered the titular head of India by the rebels of the Revolt. He started by streamlining the Revenue Department and raising funds through effective collection of land revenue. With these funds, Tula Ram enlisted a force of about five thousand men, which was further organised systematically into different units of artillery, infantry, cavalry and police. After the fall of Delhi, the British officers diverted their attention to the nearby Rewari, leading to a series of confrontations. In the final conflict of Namaul in November 1857, the British emerged victorious, despite the gallant resistance put up by the forces of Tula Ram. Rao Tula Ram moved into Rajasthan after the loss of Namaul, and held a series of discussions with the Rajput Princes, in the hope of forming a united front against the colonial power. However, the British supremacy had been firmly re-established by that time and no help was forthcoming. It is also believed that Tula Ram tried to enlist the support of countries like Afghanistan, Iran and Russia to fight the British. He is stated to have toured Iran and Afghanistan with this mission. Finally, the long journeys and the varying climates told on his health and he died in Kabul in September 1863.

23-09-2001s  400 P Ovr Sz: 2.9 x 3.91 cm
Pr Sz: 2.54 x 3.55 cm 40 stamps/sheet Perf: 13 x 13
Photo Offset No: 0.4 Million Eagle Press Pvt Ltd
Chaudhary Devi Lal

Chaudhary Devi Lal (1914-2001), former Deputy Prime Minister of India, was a leader who will be remembered for his life-long championship of the cause of the farmers of the country. Like many others of his generation, the Freedom Struggle inspired Devi Lal at a young age. He was only fifteen when he left studies at the call of Mahatma Gandhi and became an active member of the Indian National Congress. He participated in the Civil Disobedience and Quit India Movements and was imprisoned several times. He also took part in Kisan movements. After the attainment of freedom, he played an important role in the political arena of Punjab, where he was elected to the Legislative assembly many times. He was elected Chief Minister of the State of Haryana twice and his tenures saw the all-round development of Haryana, particularly the farm sector. The late eighties saw Devi Lal emerging as a major force in the national political scene. He was Deputy Prime Minister of the country twice. He was affectionately called 'Tau' (elder uncle) by the common people and titled 'King Maker' by the media.

25-09-2001  400 P Ovr Sz: 2.90 x 3.91 cm
Pr Sz: 2.54 x 3.55 cm 40 stamps/sheet Perf: 13 x 13
Photo Offset No: 0.4 Million Eagle Press Pvt Ltd
 
Chaudhary Devilal
Satis Chandra Samanta Satis Chandra Samanta

Satis Chandra Samanta (1900-1983) lived a life of sacrifice and renunciation in the service of the country. Teachings of his Guru, Swami Pragnanananda Saraswati, with whom he came into contact at the age of fifteen, had a lifelong influence on him. The young Satis decided to adopt Brahmacharya as advised by his Guru, and also chose the path of service to humanity as the mission of his life. He was a second year student in the Shibpur Engineering College when he decided to forsake his studies in favour of working for the freedom of the motherland. Satis Chandra Samanta started his public life through the activities organised by the Indian National Congress in his locality. He went on to become the President of the Tamluk Congress Committee and remained a dedicated Congress worker for many decades. His unlimited energy and leadership qualities proved to be a big asset in organising constructive work simultaneously with the activities of the freedom struggle. He would organise and lead by example activities like cleaning the roads and choked up ponds to prevent malaria, nursing cholera patients, organising free medical camps, training volunteers and spreading education and literacy in backward areas. He is remembered most for his leadership of the National Government called Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar which was formed in Tamluk in the wake of the Quit India Movement. From the formation of the National Government on 17 December 1942 till his arrest in June 1943, he oversaw its functioning, ensuring that the administration was discharged in an effective and fair manner. In post-independence India, Satis Chandra Samanta was a Member of Parliament for almost three decades.

29-09-2001  400 P Ovr Sz: 2.90 x 3.91 cm
Pr Sz: 2.54 x 3.55 cm 40 stamps/sheet Perf: 13 x 13
Photo Offset No: 0.4 Million Eagle Press Pvt Ltd
 

 

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