Those Confusing hairy small breeds!


Do you have problems keeping a Peek apart from a Pom?



The Shih Tzu

The Shih Tzu was admitted to registration in the American Kennel Club Stud Book in March 1969.

The Shih Tzu is sometimes called the "chrysanthemum-faced dog" because the hair grows about the face in all directions.

Families with small children should always supervise the children when they play with the dog, the Shih Tzu is a sturdy dog but , his size puts him at a disadvantage.

The coat requires at least a half an hours grooming per day, which should be a consideration before bringing a Shih Tzu into your home.

The Shih Tzu is a true companion. His happy, out-going and affectionate temperament coupled with his friendly and trusting nature make him a great house pet.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size - Ideally, height at withers is 9 to 10 inches; but, not less than 8 inches nor more than 11 inches. Ideally, weight of mature dogs, 9 to 16 pounds. Proportion - Length between withers and root of tail is slightly longer than height at withers. The Shih Tzu must never be so high stationed as to appear leggy, nor so low stationed as to appear dumpy or squatty. Substance - Regardless of size, the Shih Tzu is always compact, solid and carries good weight and substance.

Coat
Coat - Luxurious, double-coated, dense, long, and flowing. Slight wave permissible. Hair on top of head is tied up. Fault: Sparse coat, single coat, curly coat. Trimming - Feet, bottom of coat, and anus may be done for neatness and to facilitate movement. Fault: Excessive trimming. Color and Markings
All are permissible and to be considered equally.



The Maltese

The Maltese is known as "ye ancient dogge of Malta," which for more than 28 centuries has been an aristocrat of the canine world.

The first Maltese exhibited in the United States was white and listed as a Maltese Lion Dog at Westminster's first show in 1877.

The American Kennel Club accepted the Maltese for registration in 1888.

The coat requires daily brushing to keep its elegant appearance.

Despite his size the Maltese is without fear. The Maltese is a good choice for people who live in small apartments because of his size, but for the same reason it is not a good candidate for those with small children, unless the owner can provide constant supervision.

Coat and Color
The coat is single, that is, without undercoat. It hangs long, flat, and silky over the sides of the body almost, if not quite, to the ground. The long head-hair may be tied up in a topknot or it may be left hanging. Any suggestion of kinkiness, curliness, or woolly texture is objectionable. Color, pure white. Light tan or lemon on the ears is permissible, but not desirable.

Size
Weight under 7 pounds, with from 4 to 6 pounds preferred. Overall quality is to be favored over size.



The Lhasa Apso

The Lhasa Apso is from Tibet.

The Lhasa Apso was accepted for registration by the American Kennel Club in 1935.

The Lhasa Apso was originally shown in the Terrier Group, then reassigned to the Non-Sporting Group in 1959.

The Lhasa Apso is known in Tibet as "Bark Lion Sentinel Dog." His primary function was that of a palace watchdog. His keen intelligence and acute hearing and instincts for identifying friends from strangers made him uniquely suited for the role of a watchdog.

The Lhasa Apso's coat needs regular grooming.

Due to his small size the Lhasa Apso makes an ideal companion for the apartment dweller.

Size
Variable, but about 10 inches or 11 inches at shoulder for dogs, bitches slightly smaller.

Color
All colors equally acceptable with or without dark tips to ears and beard.

Coat
Heavy, straight, hard, not woolly nor silky, of good length, and very dense.



The Tibetan Spaniel

Date entered into Regular Classes: January 1, 1984

The Tibetan Spaniel was accepted for registration by the American Kennel Club on January 1, 1984.

Tibetan Spaniels were used as watched dogs as well as companion dogs.

Tibetan Spaniels are family-oriented and very trusting of other dogs and people.

The Tibetan Spaniel is known for his remarkable intelligence and affectionate nature.

The Tibetan Spaniel enjoys the company of his family and does not like to be left alone for long periods of time. He does enjoy the company of other dogs.

The Tibetan Spaniel is gay and assertive. Although he may be somewhat aloof towards strangers, he is devoted to his family

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size Height about 10 inches. Body slightly longer from the point of shoulder to root of tail than the height at withers. Weight 9-15 pounds being ideal.

Coat
Double coat, silky in texture, smooth on face and front of legs, of moderate length on body, but lying rather flat. Ears and back of forelegs nicely feathered, tail and buttocks well furnished with longer hair. Neck covered with a mane or "shawl" of longer hair which is more pronounced in dogs than bitches. Feathering between toes often extending beyond the feet. Should not be over-coated and bitches tend to carry less coat and mane than dogs

Color
All colors, and mixtures of colors allowed. Feet--White markings allowed.



The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Date entered into Regular Classes: January 1, 1996.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is AKC's 140th breed.

The true purpose of this breed has always been that of a companion dog.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is the number one toy dog in England.

The first Cavaliers were sent to America in 1952 by Lady Forwood as a gift.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a happy dog that does well in either a city or country environment.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel interacts well with children.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size - Height 12 to 13 inches at the withers; weight proportionate to height, between 13 and 18 pounds. A small, well balanced dog within these weights is desirable, but these are ideal heights and weights and slight variations are permissible. Proportion - The body approaches squareness, yet if measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock, is slightly longer than the height at the withers. The height from the withers to the elbow is approximately equal to the height from the elbow to the ground. Substance - Bone moderate in proportion to size. Weedy and coarse specimens are to be equally penalized.

Coat
Of moderate length, silky, free from curl. Slight wave permissible. Feathering on ears, chest, legs and tail should be long, and the feathering on the feet is a feature of the breed. No trimming of the dog is permitted. Specimens where the coat has been altered by trimming, clipping, or by artificial means shall be so severly penalized as to be effectively eliminated from competition. Hair growing between the pads on the underside of the feet may be trimmed.

Color
Blenheim - Rich chestnut markings well broken up on a clear, pearly white ground. The ears must be chestnut and the color evenly spaced on the head and surrounding both eyes, with a white blaze between the eyes and ears, in the center of which may be the lozenge or "Blenheim spot". The lozenge is a unique and desirable, though not essential, characteristic of the Blenheim. Tricolor - Jet black markings well broken up on a clear, pearly white ground. The ears must be black and the color evenly spaced on the head and surrounding both eyes, with a white blaze between the eyes. Rich tan markings over the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears and on underside of tail. Ruby - Whole-colored rich red. Black and Tan - Jet black with rich, bright tan markings over eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest, legs, and on underside of tail. Faults - Heavy ticking on Blenheims or Tricolors, white marks on Rubies or Black and Tans.



The Lwchen

The Lwchen Club of America was formed in 1972.

The Lwchen is AKC's 143rd breed.

The AKC Board of Directors approved the Lwchen for AKC registration and competition in the Miscellaneous Class at the June 12, 1995 Board Meeting. The Lwchen entered the AKC registry on August 31, 1995, and entered the Miscellaneous Class on April 1, 1996.

At the February 1998 Meeting, the Board of Directors approved the Lwchen as eligible to compete in the Non-Sporting Group at all events held on or after January 1, 1999.

Lwchen means "little lion."

Size, Proportion, Substance
Ideally 12" to 14" at the withers. Dogs or bitches above or below these measurements should be faulted to the degree of the variance. The body is just off-square when properly balanced. The distance from the prosternum to the point of buttocks is slightly greater than the distance from the withers to the ground in an 11 to 10 ratio. The Lwchen is strong and sturdy in bone, but never coarse.

Coat
The untrimmed coat is long, rather dense and moderately soft in texture. It has a slight to moderate wavy appearance. Wiry, woolly, curly, and flat coat textures are not correct, and are to be penalized to the degree of severity. No scissoring or shaping of the untrimmed coat is permitted. Puppies typically have a softer coat. Trim - Trimmed in the Lion Trim, the coat is clipped to about 1/8" on the following parts of the body: From the last rib back to and including the hindquarters, leaving a ruff or mane which just covers the last rib. The hindquarters are clipped to the hock joint. The front legs are clipped from the elbow to a point above the knee, which is equal to the same distance as from the ground to the hock joint leaving cuffs of hair on all four legs. The tail is clipped from the base to approximately one-half way to the tip leaving a plume at the end of the tail. The feet are clipped to the point where the dewclaws were removed. The unclipped areas must be completely natural and untrimmed. On no account should the unclipped areas be smoothed, shortened, shaped or otherwise tidied with anything other than a comb or brush. Any trim other than specified or any shaping or scissoring of the long coat are disqualifications.

Color
All colors and color combinations are acceptable, with no preference given to any.



The Pekingese

The Pekingese was held sacred in China in ancient times, the land of its origin.

The Pekingese was first registered by the AKC in 1906.

The Pekingese is a dignified little dog who can sometimes be stubborn.

The Pekingese has long, straight, thick profuse coats which requires regular brushing to prevent knots and mats from forming.

The Pekingese is a good dog for a small city apartment, but will be just as happy in a rural setting.

Size, Substance, Proportion
Size/Substance - The Pekingese should be surprisingly heavy when lifted. It has a stocky, muscular body. The bone of the forequarters must be very heavy in relation to the size of the dog. All weights are correct within the limit of 14 pounds, provided that type and points are not sacrificed. Disqualification - Weight over 14 pounds. Proportion - The length of the body, from the front of the breast bone in a straight line to the buttocks, is slightly greater than the height at the withers. Overall balance is of utmost importance.

Coat
Body Coat - It is full-bodied, with long, coarse textured, straight, stand-off coat and thick, softer undercoat. The coat forms a noticeable mane on the neck and shoulder area with the coat on the remainder of the body somewhat shorter in length. A long and profuse coat is desirable providing that it does not obscure the shapeliness of the body, nor sacrifice the correct coat texture. Feathering - Long feathering is found on the back of the thighs and forelegs, and on the ears, tail and toes. The feathering is left on the toes but should not be so long as to prevent free movement.

Color
All coat colors and markings, including parti-colors, are allowable and of equal merit.



The Pomeranian

The Pomeranian descended from the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland.

In 1911, the American Pomeranian Club held its first specialty show.

The Pomeranian is a magnficent family pet, he is hearty and strong despite his fragile appearance.

The Pomeranian's coat gives the appearance of being difficult to care for, but it is actually quite easy, a regular brushing will keep the coat in good condition..

Size, Proportion, Substance
The average weight of the Pomeranian is from 3 to 7 pounds, with the ideal weight for the show specimen being 4 to 6 pounds. Any dog over or under the limits is objectionable. However, overall quality is to be favored over size. The distance from the point of shoulder to the point of buttocks is slightly shorter than from the highest point of the withers to the ground. the distance from the brisket to the ground is half the height at the withers. He is medium-boned, and the length of his legs is in proportion to a well-balanced frame. When examined, he feels sturdy.

Coat
A Pomeranian is noted for its double coat. The undercoat is soft and dense. The outer-coat is long, straight, glistening and harsh in texture. A thick undercoat will hold up and permit the guard hair to stand off from the Pomeranian's body. The coat is abundant from the neck and fore part of shoulders and chest, forming a frill which extends over the shoulders and chest. The head and leg coat is tightly packed and shorter in length than that of the body. The forequarters are well-feathered to the hock. The tail is profusely covered with long, harsh, spreading straight hair. Trimming for neatness and a clean outline is permissible. Major Faults: Soft, flat or open coat.

Color
All colors, patterns, and variations there-of are allowed and must be judged on an equal basis. Patterns: Black and Tan - tan or rust sharply defined, appearing above each eye and on muzzle, throat, and forechest, on all legs and feet and below the tail. The richer the tan the more desirable; Brindle - the base color is gold, red, or orange-brindled with strong black cross stripes; Parti-color - is white with any other color distributed in patches with a white blaze preferred on the head. Classifications: The Open Classes at specialty shows may be divided by color as follows: Open Red, Orange, Cream, and Sable; Open Black, Brown, and Blue; Open Any Other Color, Pattern, or Variation.



The Silky Terrier

Developed around the turn of the century in Australia from crossings of native Australian Terriers and imported Yorkshire Terriers, the Silky Terrier encompasses many of the best qualities of both.

Originally known as the Sydney Silky Terrier, in 1955 the official name for the breed became the Australian Silky Terrier.

The first official meeting of the Sydney Silky Terrier Club of America was held on March 25, 1955, and in July of that year, the name was changed by a vote of its members to Silky Terrier Club of America.

The Silky Terrier's coat is his crowning glory. It is virtually odorless and non-shedding. The coat needs to be brushed for about ten minutes every day to keep it shining and free of mats.

The Silky Terrier will adapt to most lifestyles. It is a spirited little dog with a good degree of physical strength.

Silky's are good with children as long as the children treat them with kindness. Silky Terriers like companionship from other pets.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size - Shoulder height from nine to ten inches. Deviation in either direction is undesirable. Proportion - The body is about one fifth longer than the dog's height at the withers. Substance - Lightly built with strong but rather fine bone.

Coat
Straight, single, glossy, silky in texture. On matured specimens the coat falls below and follows the body outline. It should not approach floor length. On the top of the head, the hair is so profuse as to form a topknot, but long hair on the face and ears is objectionable. The hair is parted on the head and down over the back to the root of the tail. The tail is well coated but devoid of plume. Legs should have short hair from the pastern and hock joints to the feet. The feet should not be obscured by the leg furnishings.

Color
Blue and tan. The blue may be silver blue, pigeon blue or slate blue, the tan deep and rich. The blue extends from the base of the skull to the tip of the tail, down the forelegs to the elbows, and half way down the outside of the thighs. On the tail the blue should be very dark. Tan appears on muzzle and cheeks, around the base of the ears, on the legs and feet and around the vent. The topknot should be silver or fawn which is lighter than the tan points



The Skye Terrier

The Skye Terrier was a fashionable pet of all degrees after been accepted in court, by the Kings and Queens of England.

The Skye was first registered with the AKC in 1887.

The Skye Terrier is cautious with strangers, and often assumes a stern and stand-offish appearance.

The breed is loyal to its owner and forms a strong bond in one to one relationships.

The Skye Terrier displays stamina, courage, strength, and agility.

The Skye Terrier's long beautiful coat may be what attracts you to this breed; make sure you have time to groom the coat weekly to prevent it from matting.

Skye Terriers are easy to exercise and will adjust to city apartment or country home with ease.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size--The ideal shoulder height for dogs is 10 inches and bitches 9 inches. Based on these heights a 10 inch dog measured from chest bone over tail at rump should be 20 inches. A slightly higher or lower dog of either sex is acceptable. Dogs 9 inches or less and bitches 8 inches or less at the withers are to be penalized. Proportion--The ideal ratio of body length to shoulder height is 2 to 1, which is considered the correct proportion. Substance--Solidly built, full of strength and quality without being coarse. Bone is substantial

Coat
Double. Undercoat short, close, soft and woolly. Outer coat hard, straight and flat. 5 inches long without extra credit granted for greater length. The body coat hangs straight down each side, parting from head to tail. The head hair, which may be shorter, veils forehead and eyes and forms a moderate beard and apron. The long feathering on the ears falls straight down from the tips and outer edges, surrounding the ears like a fringe and outlining their shape. The ends of the hair should mingle with the coat of the neck. Tail well feathered.

Color
The coat must be of one over-all color at the skin but may be of varying shades of the same color in the full coat, which may be black, blue, dark or light grey, silver platinum, fawn or cream. The dog must have no distinctive markings except for the desirable black points of ears, muzzle and tip of tail, all of which points are preferably dark even to black. The shade of head and legs should approximate that of the body. There must be no trace of pattern, design or clear-cut color variations, with the exception of the breed's only permissible white which occasionally exists on the chest not exceeding 2 inches in diameter.



The Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier made its first appearance at a bench show in England in 1861 as a "broken-haired Scotch Terrier."

The earliest record of a Yorkshire Terrier born in the United States dates to 1872.

During the late Victorian era, the Yorkshire Terrier quickly became a popular pet. As Americans embraced Victorian customs, so too did they embrace the Yorkshire Terrier. The Yorkshire Terrier became an AKC-recognized breed in 1885.

Grooming must be done on a regular basis. Although the coat is easy to care for it is time consuming and necessary in order to keep your dog in healthy condition.

The Yorkshire Terrier can easily be injured by small children; if you are considering a Yorkshire Terrier you must be able to supervise the dog around small children. The Yorkshire Terrier is an independent dog, but a devoted companion. Despite his small size he is more than willing to act as a guardian for his master.

Coat
Quality, texture and quantity of coat are of prime importance. Hair is glossy, fine and silky in texture. Coat on the body is moderately long and perfectly straight (not wavy). It may be trimmed to floor length to give ease of movement and a neater appearance, if desired. The fall on the head is long, tied with one bow in center of head or parted in the middle and tied with two bows. Hair on muzzle is very long. Hair should be trimmed short on tips of ears and may be trimmed on feet to give them a neat appearance.

Colors
Puppies are born black and tan and are normally darker in body color, showing an intermingling of black hair in the tan until they are matured. Color of hair on body and richness of tan on head and legs are of prime importance in adult dogs, to which the following color requirements apply:

Blue: Is a dark steel-blue, not a silver-blue and not mingled with fawn, bronzy or black hairs.

Tan: All tan hair is darker at the roots than in the middle, shading to still lighter tan at the tips. There should be no sooty or black hair intermingled with any of the tan.

Color on Body: The blue extends over the body from back of neck to root of tail. Hair on tail is a darker blue, especially at end of tail.

Headfall: A rich golden tan, deeper in color at sides of head, at ear roots and on the muzzle, with ears a deep rich tan. Tan color should not extend down on back of neck.

Chest and Legs: A bright, rich tan, not extending above the elbow on the forelegs nor above the stifle on the hind legs.

Weight
Must not exceed seven pounds



English Toy Spaniel


Bichon Frise


Coton De Tulear

cattski@northnet.org


This book is great for anyone who is thinking of having a litter of pups. It contains a lot of useful information on general dog care, care of newborn pups. Follow an actual litter from birth till they go home!


About the Book

Follow a litter of puppies from birthday until they go to their new homes. The diary contains lots of pictures, tips on puppy rearing, some breed specific information, and lots of information on the care of any breed of dog.

I started doing an on-line puppy diary since many of the people that would be getting one of my pups would not be able to travel here to see the pups. I did not want to put a bunch of cute puppy pictures online, and encourage anyone to have a litter just because they wanted to see cute puppies! Breeding dogs, if done the right way, is a lot of work. Lost sleep and sometimes heartache. It takes a lot of time, effort and money to raise a litter of puppies. Once I started doing The Puppy Diary, I realized I had a captive audience. These people logged on every day to see the pictures, and read what was happening. I used this opportunity to cram as much education into each day as I could. Health, Coat issues, grooming, feeding, socializing, vet care, puppy evaluations, shipping puppies.... you name it! I tried to put it in The Diary. It was suggested that I make it into a book. Well here it is! There are 560 pictures and over 300 pages of living with and watching one litter grow up.

I am sure may conscientious, caring breeders raise litters similar to the way I do. Its is a good look into the time, money, commitment it takes to bring up a litter of pups. Some of the things that go on behind the scenes, that the eventual puppies owners (family), never realize go into the litter. Enjoy my litter as I see them. Day to day

Contents

Chapter One (Week One) ... Page 1

Seger comes into season
Happy Birthday!
Removing the Dewclaws
Start of the Bio Sensor program

Chapter Two (Week Two) ... Page 48
Coat issues.
Tail Gland Hyperplasia
Do Curlies Shed?

Chapter Three (Week Three) ... Page 94
End of Bio Sensor Exercises
Worming The puppies
Eyes are open
First pup escapes from the box

Chapter Four (Week Four) ... Page 130
Weaning. The great food fight!
Introduction to the puppy play room
Shark Cage

Chapter Five (Week Five) ... Page 156
Field dog? Show Dog? CPE?
Happy Mothers Day!
First Stacked pictures

Chapter Six (Week Six) ... Page 195
Toys! Toys! Toys!
Whats In A Name?
Kids and Dogs
Introduction to Wings

Chapter Seven (Week Seven) ... Page 236
About Puppies and Retrieving
Socialize your puppy
First Shots & Vet Visit
Splish Splash, first bath!

Chapter Eight (Week Eight) ... Page 286
Shape up or ship out!
Requirements to ship puppies
See all the pups!

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