Growing up we always had a GSD. More pictures of my dogs to come!
Did you know?
· On April 22, 1899, the German Captain Max von Stephanitz founded
the Verein fur Deutsche Schaferhunde (SV), the first parent club
of the breed now known as the German Shepherd Dog.
· The first German Shepherd Dog registered with the American Kennel
Club was Queen of Switzerland (in 1908), who was shown in competition
in New York that same year.
· The German Shepherd Dog Club of America's first specialty took place
in Greenwich, Connecticut, on June 11, 1913.
So you want to own a German Shepherd Dog?
The German Shepherd Dog is known throughout the world for his uncanny
intelligence and faithfulness. This versatile breed has well-earned
the reputation as family companion, guide dog, police dog, and,
of course, herder.
The German Shepherd Dog is an excellent house-dog, but if you live
in an apartment or a small house you will need to give your dog
They are excellent travelers and love to ride in the car for long
trips. They are truly a companion and can be taken everywhere -
fishing, swimming, boating, hiking, etc.
The first impression of a good German Shepherd Dog is that of a strong, agile,
well muscled animal, alert and full of life. It is well balanced, with harmonious
development of the forequarter and hindquarter. The dog is longer than tall,
deep-bodied, and presents an outline of smooth curves rather than angles. It
looks substantial and not spindly, giving the impression, both at rest and in
motion, of muscular fitness and nimbleness without any look of clumsiness or
soft living. The ideal dog is stamped with a look of quality and nobility--difficult
to define, but unmistakable when present. Secondary sex characteristics are
strongly marked, and every animal gives a definite impression of masculinity
or femininity, according to its sex.
The breed has a distinct personality marked by direct and fearless, but not
hostile, expression, self-confidence and a certain aloofness that does not lend
itself to immediate and indiscriminate friendships. The dog must be approachable,
quietly standing its ground and showing confidence and willingness to meet overtures
without itself making them. It is poised, but when the occasion demands, eager
and alert; both fit and willing to serve in its capacity as companion, watchdog,
blind leader, herding dog, or guardian, whichever the circumstances may demand.
The dog must not be timid, shrinking behind its master or handler; it should
not be nervous, looking about or upward with anxious expression or showing nervous
reactions, such as tucking of tail, to strange sounds or sights. Lack of confidence
under any surroundings is not typical of good character. Any of the above deficiencies
in character which indicate shyness must be penalized as very serious faults
and any dog exhibiting pronounced indications of these must be excused from
the ring. It must be possible for the judge to observe the teeth and to determine
that both testicles are descended. Any dog that attempts to bite the judge must
be disqualified. The ideal dog is a working animal with an incorruptible
character combined with body and gait suitable for the arduous work that constitutes
its primary purpose.
Size, Proportion, Substance
The desired height for males at the top of the highest point of the
shoulder blade is 24 to 26 inches; and for bitches, 22 to 24 inches.
The German Shepherd Dog is longer than tall, with the most desirable proportion
as 10 to 8½. The length is measured from the point of the prosternum
or breastbone to the rear edge of the pelvis, the ischial tuberosity. The desirable
long proportion is not derived from a long back, but from overall length with
relation to height, which is achieved by length of forequarter and length of
withers and hindquarter, viewed from the side.
Head The head is noble, cleanly chiseled, strong without coarseness,
but above all not fine, and in proportion to the body. The head of the male
is distinctly masculine, and that of the bitch distinctly feminine.
The expression keen, intelligent and composed. Eyes of medium
size, almond shaped, set a little obliquely and not protruding. The color
is as dark as possible. Ears are moderately pointed, in proportion
to the skull, open toward the front, and carried erect when at attention,
the ideal carriage being one in which the center lines of the ears, viewed
from the front, are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground.
A dog with cropped or hanging ears must be disqualified.
Seen from the front the forehead is only moderately arched, and the skull
slopes into the long, wedge-shaped muzzle without abrupt stop. The muzzle
is long and strong, and its topline is parallel to the topline of the skull.
Nose black. A dog with a nose that is not predominantly black must
be disqualified. The lips are firmly fitted. Jaws are strongly
developed. Teeth --42 in number--20 upper and 22 lower--are strongly
developed and meet in a scissors bite in which part of the inner surface
of the upper incisors meet and engage part of the outer surface of the lower
incisors. An overshot jaw or a level bite is undesirable. An undershot jaw
is a disqualifying fault. Complete dentition is to be preferred.
Any missing teeth other than first premolars is a serious fault.
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is strong and muscular, clean-cut and relatively long, proportionate
in size to the head and without loose folds of skin. When the dog is at
attention or excited, the head is raised and the neck carried high; otherwise
typical carriage of the head is forward rather than up and but little higher
than the top of the shoulders, particularly in motion.
Topline-- The withers are higher than and sloping into the
level back. The back is straight, very strongly developed without
sag or roach, and relatively short.
The whole structure of the body gives an impression of depth and
solidity without bulkiness.
Chest--Commencing at the prosternum, it is well filled and carried
well down between the legs. It is deep and capacious, never shallow, with
ample room for lungs and heart, carried well forward, with the prosternum
showing ahead of the shoulder in profile. Ribs well sprung and long,
neither barrel-shaped nor too flat, and carried down to a sternum which
reaches to the elbows. Correct ribbing allows the elbows to move back freely
when the dog is at a trot. Too round causes interference and throws the
elbows out; too flat or short causes pinched elbows. Ribbing is carried
well back so that the loin is relatively short. Abdomen firmly held
and not paunchy. The bottom line is only moderately tucked up in the loin.
Loin Viewed from the top, broad and strong. Undue length between
the last rib and the thigh, when viewed from the side, is undesirable. Croup
long and gradually sloping.
Tail bushy, with the last vertebra extended at least to the hock joint.
It is set smoothly into the croup and low rather than high. At rest, the tail
hangs in a slight curve like a saber. A slight hook- sometimes carried to one
side-is faulty only to the extent that it mars general appearance. When the
dog is excited or in motion, the curve is accentuated and the tail raised, but
it should never be curled forward beyond a vertical line. Tails too short, or
with clumpy ends due to ankylosis, are serious faults. A dog with a docked
tail must be disqualified.
The shoulder blades are long and obliquely angled, laid on flat and not placed
forward. The upper arm joins the shoulder blade at about a right angle. Both
the upper arm and the shoulder blade are well muscled. The forelegs, viewed
from all sides, are straight and the bone oval rather than round. The pasterns
are strong and springy and angulated at approximately a 25-degree angle from
the vertical. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed, but are normally left
The feet are short, compact with toes well arched, pads thick and firm,
nails short and dark.
Hindquarters The whole assembly of the thigh, viewed from the side, is broad, with both
upper and lower thigh well muscled, forming as nearly as possible a right angle.
The upper thigh bone parallels the shoulder blade while the lower thigh bone
parallels the upper arm. The metatarsus (the unit between the hock joint and
the foot) is short, strong and tightly articulated. The dewclaws, if any, should
be removed from the hind legs. Feet as in front.
The ideal dog has a double coat of medium length. The outer coat should be as
dense as possible, hair straight, harsh and lying close to the body. A slightly
wavy outer coat, often of wiry texture, is permissible. The head, including
the inner ear and foreface, and the legs and paws are covered with short hair,
and the neck with longer and thicker hair. The rear of the forelegs and hind
legs has somewhat longer hair extending to the pastern and hock, respectively.
Faults in coat include soft, silky, too long outer coat, woolly, curly,
and open coat.
The German Shepherd Dog varies in color, and most colors are permissible. Strong
rich colors are preferred. Pale, washed-out colors and blues or livers are serious
faults. A white dog must be disqualified.
A German Shepherd Dog is a trotting dog, and its structure has been developed
to meet the requirements of its work. General Impression-- The gait
is outreaching, elastic, seemingly without effort, smooth and rhythmic,
covering the maximum amount of ground with the minimum number of steps.
At a walk it covers a great deal of ground, with long stride of both hind
legs and forelegs. At a trot the dog covers still more ground with even
longer stride, and moves powerfully but easily, with coordination and balance
so that the gait appears to be the steady motion of a well-lubricated machine.
The feet travel close to the ground on both forward reach and backward push.
In order to achieve ideal movement of this kind, there must be good muscular
development and ligamentation. The hindquarters deliver, through the back,
a powerful forward thrust which slightly lifts the whole animal and drives
the body forward. Reaching far under, and passing the imprint left by the
front foot, the hind foot takes hold of the ground; then hock, stifle and
upper thigh come into play and sweep back, the stroke of the hind leg finishing
with the foot still close to the ground in a smooth follow-through. The
overreach of the hindquarter usually necessitates one hind foot passing
outside and the other hind foot passing inside the track of the forefeet,
and such action is not faulty unless the locomotion is crabwise with the
dog's body sideways out of the normal straight line.
Transmission The typical smooth, flowing gait is maintained with great
strength and firmness of back. The whole effort of the hindquarter is transmitted
to the forequarter through the loin, back and withers. At full trot, the back
must remain firm and level without sway, roll, whip or roach. Unlevel topline
with withers lower than the hip is a fault. To compensate for the forward
motion imparted by the hindquarters, the shoulder should open to its full extent.
The forelegs should reach out close to the ground in a long stride in harmony
with that of the hindquarters. The dog does not track on widely separated parallel
lines, but brings the feet inward toward the middle line of the body when trotting,
in order to maintain balance. The feet track closely but do not strike or cross
over. Viewed from the front, the front legs function from the shoulder joint
to the pad in a straight line. Viewed from the rear, the hind legs function
from the hip joint to the pad in a straight line. Faults of gait, whether from
front, rear or side, are to be considered very serious faults.
Disqualifications Cropped or hanging ears.
Dogs with noses not predominantly black.
Any dog that attempts to bite the judge.
Approved February 11, 1978
Reformatted July 11, 1994
This book is great for anyone who is thinking of having a litter. It contains a lot of
useful information on general dog care,care of newborn pups. Follow an actual
litter from birth till they go home!
About the Book
Follow a litter of puppies from birthday until they go to their new homes. The diary contains lots of pictures, tips on puppy rearing, some breed specific information,
and lots of information on the care of any breed of dog.
I started doing an on-line puppy diary since many of the people that would be getting one of my pups would not be able to travel here to see the pups. I did not
to put a bunch of cute puppy pictures online, and encourage anyone to have a litter just because they wanted to see cute puppies! Breeding dogs, if done the right
way, is a lot of work. Lost sleep and sometimes heartache. It takes a lot of time, effort and money to raise a litter of puppies. Once I started doing The Puppy
Diary, I realized I had a captive audience. These people logged on every day to see the pictures, and read what was happening. I used this opportunity to cram as
much education into each day as I could. Health, Coat issues, grooming, feeding, socializing, vet care, puppy evaluations, shipping puppies.... you name it! I tried
put it in The Diary. It was suggested that I make it into a book. Well here it is! There are 560 pictures and over 300 pages of living with and watching one litter
I am sure may conscientious, caring breeders raise litters similar to the way I do. Its is a good look into the time, money, commitment it takes to
up a litter of pups. Some of the things that go on behind the scenes, that the eventual puppies owners (family), never realize go into the litter.
Enjoy my litter as I see them. Day to day
Chapter One (Week One) ... Page 1
Seger comes into season
Removing the Dewclaws
Start of the Bio Sensor program
Chapter Two (Week Two) ... Page 48
Tail Gland Hyperplasia
Do Curlies Shed?
Chapter Three (Week Three) ... Page 94
End of Bio Sensor Exercises
Worming The puppies
Eyes are open
First pup escapes from the box
Chapter Four (Week Four) ... Page 130
Weaning. The great food fight!
Introduction to the puppy play room
Chapter Five (Week Five) ... Page 156
Field dog? Show Dog? CPE?
Happy Mothers Day!
First Stacked pictures
Chapter Six (Week Six) ... Page 195
Toys! Toys! Toys!
What’s In A Name?
Kids and Dogs
Introduction to Wings
Chapter Seven (Week Seven) ... Page 236
About Puppies and Retrieving
Socialize your puppy
First Shots & Vet Visit
Splish Splash, first bath!
Chapter Eight (Week Eight) ... Page 286
Shape up or ship out!
Requirements to ship puppies
See all the pups!