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This site is dedicated to the Arts & Crafts Movement architecture of the San Francisco Bay Area. Periodically it is updated with new links and content, so check back from time to time.

The Arts & Crafts Movement had its roots in the Mid 19th Century in the UK with the designs and works of such individuals as William Morris, Charles Rennie MacKintosh, and Richard Norman Shaw. The Arts & Crafts Movement gained followers in the east coast of the US through the efforts of Gustav Stickley, Elbert Hubbard and The Roycrofters, and many major architects at the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Architects educated in schools on the east coast such as the brothers Charles and Henry Greene made their way to California before the turn of the 20th century. The first important style imported from California was the California Bungalow that was attributed to the Greenes. They were best known for their work in So. California around Pasadena, and their work gave rise to the Arts & Crafts Movement in the southern portion of California. They designed the ultimate bungalow in the Gamble House in Pasadena. Other local architects emulated their work, and the bungalow was a home well suited to the warm climate.

California provided a wealth of opportunities for the Arts & Crafts Movement to flourish. The Gold Rush during the middle of the 19th century spurred the growth of the region. Fortunes were made by many individuals in mining, transportation, banking and other industries. The varied climate, geography, and abundance of natural scenery and materials provided the followers of the Arts & Crafts Movement with wealthy clients willing to explore the elements of living in harmony with nature espoused by the style.

The earliest history of the Arts & Crafts Movement in California might be credited to a Swedenborgian minister named Joseph Worcester, who in 1876 designed his own shingle-style residence in Piedmont. Rev. Worcester was a capable amateur architect and was associated with many significant architects and artisans. Among them were Bernard Maybeck, A.C. Schweinfurth, A. Page Brown , and Charles Keeler. Worcester also built a small number of shingle-style homes in the Russian Hill area of San Francisco.

Many of Charles and Henry Greene's most important works were in northern California. Their most elaborate project was a country estate for Mortimer Fleishhacker in Woodside called "Green Gables". Other prominent Bay Area architects that made significant achievements include John Hudson Thomas, Julia Morgan, Willis Polk, Ernest Coxhead, John Galen Howard. Along with a variety of lesser known architects, they created residences which are defined a style known as the First Bay Tradition and are found throughout this region in many neighborhoods and cities.

The Second Bay Tradition was a transition period that followed the decline of the Arts & Crafts Movement in the 1930's. Style characteristics were still present in some designs, but the essence and character of the Movement seemed secondary to the concept. Many architects of this period were students of Bernard Maybeck and John Galen Howard, such as William Wurster, who brought the Arts and Crafts esthetic into the modern age. In 1952, Wurster even purchased and remodeled a Berkeley home designed in 1906 by Howard. Warren Callister and Joseph Esherick also enthusiastically used wood to soften the hard edge lines of modernism in their building designs.

Housing and community planning evolved toward a more modernist approach. The post-WWII era was the expansion of the sprawl of the suburban housing developments. Much of the housing principles endorsed and promoted by Charles Keeler through the Hillside Club and his book, "The Simple Home" were ignored by this time. Very few housing developments were created with a sensitivity to relationship with the natural environment. One exception to this trend was an innovative style of housing that originated in the Bay Area by a visionary developer named Joseph Eichler. Eichler homes, as they were known, were either loved by those who lived in them or or despised by those that saw them. A low slung house proportional somewhat to a bungalow, these homes did not present much of an image toward the streetscape. They look as though the house is turning its back towards those that approach them. The homes relationship to the natural surroundings is primarily with the outside space contained within its own backyard. The Eichler may have been influenced to a significant degree by the Usonian and Prairie houses of Frank Lloyd Wright. The large roof overhangs may have been influenced by Bernard Maybeck. Their harmony with nature and Japanese character could have been drawn from the books of Greene & Greene. Are they Arts & Crafts style? Not at all in the traditional sense, but the Eichler has indeed transcended from the Arts & Crafts Movement. The Eichler home was also the work of architects, as Joseph Eichler enlisted the design work of firms such as Anshen and Allen to produce them. Eichler was also ahead of his time in pioneering civil rights, as the first developer to make his developments accessible to minorities. An article of interest reveals how living in Frank Lloyd Wright's Bazett-Frank House in Hillsborough inspired and influenced Eichler. Unlike true Craftsman homes and bungalows, Eichlers have been mass-produced by the thousands throughout northern and southern California. Most of them are found in the Bay Area.

The style of the Arts and Crafts Movement is undergoing a contemporary revival. Many modern houses, townhouses and apartments are built with the look and character. However, the 21st century versions lack the sense of harmony with the natural environment that architects like Maybeck were so successful at achieving. The high cost of land, materials and labor make building a true Craftsman home in the Bay area only something those of considerable wealth can afford.

Speaking of high real estate costs, while prices in the Bay Area have plummeted with the current economic recession, you wouldn’t know it with this Maybeck house for sale; check out these SFGate links. 1471 La Loma Ave., Berkeley, also known as the "Cubby". The cubby was designed by Maybeck in 1925, as a garage to house his prized Packard automobile. The Packard was a gift from a client, Earle C. Anthony, the owner of two Packard showrooms in San Francisco and Oakland for whom Maybeck designed a lavish, Mediterranean-style home in Los Angeles. The ‘cubby' set to sell is a follow-up article with more in depth information on this rare Maybeck house.

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Bernard Maybeck, George Boke House
Bernard Maybeck, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Berkeley, 1910
Bernard Maybeck, Harrison Memorial Library, Carmel
Bernard Maybeck, San Mateo County houses
Maybeck house for Charles Keeler 1895 drawing    Exterior view    Interior Living Room
Roy Flamm Photos of Bernard Maybeck Buildings
Wallen II House by Bernard Maybeck, 1937, Kensington, CA.
Edgar Kahn House, Redwood City, CA

    
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Links

    Ernest Coxhead

    Albert Farr

    Greene && Greene

    Henry Gutterson

    John Galen Howard

    Charles Augustus Keeler

    Bernard Maybeck

    Julia Morgan

    Louis Christian Mullgardt

    Willis Polk

    Bruce Porter

A. C. Schweinfurth

John Hudson Thomas

Dirk Van Erp

Joseph Worcester

Frank Lloyd Wright

William Yelland

Building Material Salvage

General Arts && Crafts Movement

Restoration && Home Improvement

Walking Tours


 
      

Plow & Hearth


Publications

In Association with Amazon.com, welcome to the SFBA Arts & Crafts Bookstore.
Amazon has a wide selection of our favorite books on the Arts & Crafts Movement. To make your selections easier, I have listed the best choices under specific categories by architect or other general topic. There are some specific books I highly recommend, and have indicated these . I either own these, read them or are familiar with them. I have also written some reviews at Amazon to further assist in your decision to buy the book. I add more books under their appropriate category as soon as I find they are available.

Are you looking for info about Arts & Crafts book or a favorite architect? Need a tool for a remodeling project, or a digital camera to photograph your favorite bungalow? Find these and more with the Amazon search engine.

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In Association with Amazon.com

Building With Nature
Building with Nature: Inspiration for the Arts & Crafts Home
By author Leslie M. Freudenheim

Additional Arts & Crafts Movement books on Bernard Maybeck, Charles Keeler, John Galen Howard, and Berkeley Walking Tours are available from the Berkeley Architectural Heritage Association.

Ernest Coxhead Books
On the Edge of the World: Four Architects in San Francisco at the Turn of the Century
Toward a Simpler Way of Life, The Arts & Crafts Architects of California

Greene && Greene Books
Arts & Crafts Houses II:    Charles Rennie MacKintosh, Hill House; C.F.A. Voysey, the Homestead;
Greene and Greene, Gamble House(Architecture 3S)
Cottages by the Sea, The Handmade Homes of Carmel, America's First Artist Community   Highly Recommended!
Five California Architects  A chapter about the Greenes, plus Maybeck
Greene and Greene    by Edward R. Bosley
Greene and Greene    by Marvin Rand   
Greene and Greene: Architecture As a Fine Art
Greene & Greene: The Blacker House
Greene & Greene: Creating a Style    by Randell L. Makinson   
Greene & Greene for Kids [ILLUSTRATED]  
Greene and Greene: Furniture and Related Designs
Greene & Greene: Masterworks
Greene & Greene: The Passion and the Legacy
Images of the Gamble House : Masterwork of Greene & Greene
Toward a Simpler Way of Life, The Arts & Crafts Architects of California

John Galen Howard Books
John Galen Howard and the University of California:
The Design of a Great Public University Campus
 by Sally Byrne Woodbridge
Toward a Simpler Way of Life, The Arts & Crafts Architects of California

Bernard Maybeck Books
Arts & Crafts Masterpieces:   Edward Prior, St Andrew's Church, Roker; Charles MacKintosh,
Glasgow School of Art; Bernard Maybeck, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Berkeley...
Bernard Maybeck: Artisan, Architect, Artist (California Architecture & Architects Vol 8) : :
Bernard Maybeck at Principia College
Bernard Maybeck: Visionary Architect by Sally Woodbridge  hardcover    paperback  
First Church of Christ, Scientist, Berkeley (Architecture in Detail)  
Five California Architects  A chapter about Maybeck, plus the Greenes
On the Edge of the World: Four Architects in San Francisco at the Turn of the Century
Toward a Simpler Way of Life, The Arts & Crafts Architects of California

Julia Morgan Books
Hearst Castle: The Biography of a Country House   by Victoria Kastner, Victoria Garagliano (Photographer), George Plimpton
Julia Morgan: Architect   by Sara Holmes Boutelle, Richard Barnes (Photographer)  
Julia Morgan: Architect (American Women of Achievement)  by Cary James
Julia Morgan, Architect of Dreams  by Ginger Wadsworth
Julia Morgan, Architect, And the Creation of the Asilomar Conference Grounds
Julia Morgan: Pioneer Woman Architect   by Glenna Dunning
Toward a Simpler Way of Life, The Arts & Crafts Architects of California

Louis Christian Mullgardt Books
Artists in California, 1786-1940    by Edan Milton Hughes
Artists of the American West   by Doris Dawdy
2002/2003 Davenport's Art Reference and Price Guide   by Ray Davenport
Toward a Simpler Way of Life, The Arts & Crafts Architects of California
Who Was Who in American Art: 1564-1975 (3-Volume Set)   by Peter Hastings Falk
Who Was Who in American Art: Artists Active 1898-1947   by Peter Hastings Falk

Willis Polk Books
On the Edge of the World: Four Architects in San Francisco at the Turn of the Century
Russian Hill: The Summit 1853-1906 (Neighborhood History, 1)
Splendid Survivors: San Francisco's Downtown Architectural Heritage

A. C. Schweinfurth Books
On the Edge of the World: Four Architects in San Francisco at the Turn of the Century
Toward a Simpler Way of Life, The Arts & Crafts Architects of California

Frank Lloyd Wright Books
The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright    hardcover    paperback
The California Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright
Details of Frank Lloyd Wright: The California Work, 1909-1974
Fallingwater Using 3d Studio: A Case Study and Tutorial/Book and Disk
Frank Lloyd Wright : Architecture and Nature
Frank Lloyd Wright's California Houses (Wright at a Glance Series)
Frank Lloyd Wright's Fireplaces (Wright at a Glance Series)
Frank Lloyd Wright's Hanna House: The Clients' Report    hardcover    paperback
Frank Lloyd Wright's Prairie Houses (Wright at a Glance Series)
Frank Lloyd Wright and the Prairie
Frank Lloyd Wright's Usonian Houses: The Case for Organic Architecture
A Guide to Frank Lloyd Wright's California
Prairie Style : Houses and Gardens by Frank Lloyd Wright and the Prairie School
The Frank Lloyd Wright Companion

Dirk Van Erp Books
Arts and Crafts Studio of Dirk Van Erp

William Raymond Yelland
Storybook Style: America's Whimsical Homes of the Twenties   by Arrol Gellner, Douglass Keister (Photographer)
Toward a Simpler Way of Life, The Arts & Crafts Architects of California

General Arts & Crafts Movement Books
The General Arts & Crafts Books have been moved to their own page.
Click the above Header for the complete list.

Gardening & Landscaping Books
The Gardening & Landscaping Books have been moved to their own page.
Click the above Header for the complete list.

Furniture/Woodworking Books
The Furniture & Woodworking Books have been moved to their own page.
Click the above Header for the complete list.

Stained Glass/Tile Books
The Stained Glass and Ceramic Tile Books have been moved to their own page.
Click the above Header for the complete list.

Cad|Computer Books
AutoCAD
3D Studio MAX
Form-Z
Microstation


Bulletin Boards && Announcements    

SFGate.com
Salvage Heaven

Predemolition sales offer help-yourself,
home-hardware bargains

SF Chronicle article about Urban Ore
and a Berkeley auto mall proposal that may displace them.

Chronicle Series now available in hardcover!

Signature Architects of the San Francisco Bay Area

by Dave Weinstein
*********************************

SFGate.com
Walter Ratcliff

Built to last, built for comfort

SFGate.com
Brainerd Jones

The man who built Petaluma

SFGate.com
THE EICHLER & THE ECSTASY

Bay Area's iconic homes still inspire passion

SFGate.com
John Hans Ostwald, Modern ski chalet

Ostwald brought a touch of Europe to the Bay Area

SFGate.com
Julia Morgan's Engineer

Walter Steilberg, architect and engineer

SFGate.com
A Life Lived Wright

A 1948 Orinda Frank Lloyd Wright home

SFGate.com
Walter W. Dixon

Modest mansions, Storybook homes

SFGate.com
A Craftsman consciousness,
a bungalow undergoes a revival.

SFGate.com
William A. Jones

Keeping up with Jones in Vallejo

Towers, Turrets and More
Normandy Village evokes rural France -- in Berkeley

SFGate.com
Ida McCain

Builder of bungalows

SFGate.com
Ernest Coxhead

Strange talents
Idiosyncratic homes helped
define bay tradition

SFGate.com
Joseph A. Leonard

Suburbs in the city
Architect's vision of residence parks
set the tone for neighborhoods

SFGate.com
Duncan McDuffie
Natural neighborhoods

SFGate.com
Hearst Castle passes the quake test

Julia Morgan built masterpiece to last

SFGate.com
Historic designation may help
preserve community of Diablo

SFGate.com
Carr Jones

Taking whimsy seriously
Builder Carr Jones put Arts and Crafts
style into the storybooks
Storybook woodwork lives happily ever after

SFGate.com
Frank Delos Wolfe

South Bay builder's career
spanned many styles

SFGate.com
Leola Hall

made her mark with
Craftsman homes in Berkeley


Last updated 05-27-2009     

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