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Cabrillo may have been reluctant to join the expedition, but it was undoubtetly not caused by doubt over teh existence of more wealthy native civilizations.  In mexico city, Cabeza de Vaca told of their phenomenal odyssey.  Although he was honest about the hardships they endured and the poverty of the Indians they met, when he mentined hearing his captors tell of fantastically wealthy cities to the north, he ignited gold fever among  the Spaniards. He purportedly knew where to find the golden Seven Cities of Cibola made famous in a Spanish legend.
Spanish administrator, first viceroy of New Spain (1535-50) and viceroy of Peru (1551-52). Of noble family, Mendoza held high offices before going to Mexico, where his wise rule earned him the appellation “the good viceroy.” He alleviated the condition of the indigenous people (though opposing enforcement of the New Laws of Bartolomé de Las Casas ), fostered religion, and encouraged education. He brought the first printing press to America at the request of Bishop Zumárraga . He quelled numerous revolts, notably the insurrection of indigenous peoples in Nueva Galicia (called the Mixtón War ) in which Pedro de Alvarado was killed. By fostering expeditions, especially those under Marcos de Niza and Coronado , he pushed exploration far northward. Industry and agriculture were also developed, bringing prosperity. In brief, he extended and consolidated the conquest begun by Hernán Cortés , and established the sure basis for Spain's long rule in Mexico. Efforts to discredit and oust him, originating with Cortés, ended in failure. In 1551 he took office as viceroy of Peru and again opposed enforcement of the New Laws. The audiencia overruled him.
One of the most powerful men to respond to Cabeza de Vaca's story was the first viceroy of New Spain, Antonio de Mendoza.  The legend of the seven cities of Cibola had ists roots in the Moors' 8th Century invasion of Iberia.  Seven Portuguese bishops were believed to have set sail for the myserious island of Antillia.  Each time the citeis were reported to have been seen, the riches attributed to them grew.  As the Atlantic became more known and Antillia was not found, the location of the cities moved westward.
A stiff shoutheast wind was blowing at noon on Tuesday, JUne 27, 1542m as /cabrillo's 3 ships sailed of of Navidad harbor.  During a formal ceremony on August 22, Cabrillo made his first act of possession. He claimed the port now known as San Quintin, naming it Posesion.  While there, they made their first contact with  Indians.  According to the log, they were a "tall and healthy peo-ple." + They had seen 5 Spaniards traveling inland, probably from Coronado's party who had reached the Colorado River months earlier.
The San Salvador carried 100 people. Teh Victoria 50 or 60, Rowing was back-breaking labor, but was worse treatment greeted some offenders.  The Indians in CAbrillo's xrew were from Guatemala and Mexico.  Generally illiterate [speaking of sailors] sailors were frequently shangaied from the dregs of society.  Columbus had collected many of his crewmembers from prison.
Mr. McKay has also built and donated a number of "tomol" models, frameless planked canoes built by the Chumash Native American Indians. Long before Cabrillo explored the Channel Islands, the Chumash were navigating around the Channel on these 10-to-30 foot canoes, one of the most advanced watercrafts of their time. These "tomols" were most often constructed from the light-weight, sea-cured redwood logs that floated down from the coast from northern California. These logs were split into 4-foot planks, tied together using milkweed or hemp cordage called tok and caulked with a mixture of asphaltum (or tar) and pine sap, called yop. A center cross-brace was added for structural integrity. Inlaid shell beads or abalone often decorated the tomols, and many were sealed and painted red using ground hematite, pine pitch and animal fat.
Near the end of September, they saw many of "great smokes" - dense clouds of smoke set by the Kumeyaay who inhabited the land  just south of Oceanside, CA .  On october 10 they arrived at an Indian town where the houses were large.  The beach was lined with well-built canoes, which soon filled with Indians paddling out to see the strange ships.  Unlike the Kumeyaay, these people were confident and curious.  The were the Chumash, members of a successful and well-developed culture that had been established in teh area for thousands of years.  Their territory included the Channel islands off teh California coast.. Rather than being intimidated, they shared food with the Spaniards and made them welcome.  Cabrillo named this village, located today near Mugu Lagoon, PUeblo de las Canoas, or Canoe Village.
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