Bourbon County Clerk PO Box 312 Paris, KY 40361-0312
(606) 987-2142 FAX: (606) 987-2136
These marriages were contributed by Charles Young. Contributions of all KY
Young records are sought for this web site. Please contract ShaLamont@wideopenwest.com
Ambrose D. YOUNG, 14 Dec 1833 to Nancy Ann ARNOLD Elizabeth YOUNG, 11
Oct 1821 to Samuel McCLOUD Franky YOUNG, 18 Dec 1822 to William H.
STEWART Hiram YOUNG, 4 Oct 1809 to Patsy HULL James YOUNG, 28 Apr 1791 to
Agnes SMITH James YOUNG, 3 Dec 1832 to Valenda BRAMLETT Jane YOUNG, 1 Jan
1805 to John McDOWELL John YOUNG, 22 Mar 1822 to Elizabeth RAMEY Lewis
YOUNG, 25 Dec 1823 to Polly BALINGER Margaret YOUNG, 9 Mar 1832 to David
BLYTHE Polly YOUNG, 5 Feb 1817 to Spencer PIGG Rebecca YOUNG, 23 Sep 1833
to Anthony FODGION Sarah YOUNG, 13 May 1825to James BRAMBLETT Sarah YOUNG,
30 Apr 1833 to Thomas S. ADAIR Willis YOUNG, 22 Mar 1810 to Nancy DAVIS
Capture of a Young Family in Bourbon Co., KY
The Filson Club Historical Quarterly, Vol. 14, Louisville, Ky., July,
1940, No. 3, pp. 176-181
JOHN D. SHANE'S INTERVIEW WITH
PIONEER JOHN HEDGE, BOURBON COUNTY
TRANSCRIBED FOR PUBLICATION By OTTO
A. ROTHERT Louisville, Kentucky
INTRODUCTION: Every year during the
past thirteen years, with one or two exceptions, THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY
QUARTERLY has published one of Reverend John D. Shane's interviews. Shane was
born in 1812 and died in 1864. He spent much of his time interviewing Kentucky
pioneers and sons and daughters of pioneers. His notes on his several hundred
interviews are preserved: some in the Wisconsin State Historical Society,
Madison, and some in the Presbyterian Historical Society, Philadelphia.
Photostat copies of all the notes on Shane's interviews now in the Wisconsin
Society are in the archives of The Filson Club. A sixteen-page biography, "Shane
the Western Collector," by Otto A. Rothert, appears in the January, 1930, number
of the HISTORY QUARTERLY.
The Shane interview with pioneer John Hedge is
of interest, although in places it is somewhat trivial. It covers so much ground
that it requires a little more explanation than given in the notes here inserted
in Shane's text. Therefore some additional facts are presented in this
Many descendants of pioneer Hedge still survive in Bourbon,
Clark and Montgomery counties. Hedge's Station is, even to this day, a
well-known point in eastern Clark County.
The McClelland's Station
referred to is clearly not the station of the same name which grew into
Georgetown. The cabins mentioned as being built "that winter" in Winchester were
doubtless the cabins known as Crossthwaites' Station. They stood about a
half-mile east of the present Winchester, and were erected before 1791, which is
the only suggested date for "that winter." There were no houses built until 1793
in what became Winchester. See "John D. Shane's Interview with Benjamin Allen of
Clark County" (11CC67-79), by Lucien Beckner, in THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY
QUARTERLY, April, 1931.
The story of Smith's Station, the settlement of
Mt. Sterling and the sack of Morgan's Station, based entirely on Shane
interviews, were given by Lucien Beckner before The Filson Club,
November 2, 1937, in a scholarly address entitled "John D. Shane and
What He Has Done for Kentucky."
Details regarding John Constant's
Station, Major Andrew Hood's Station, and the Indian captivity of James Beath
are presented in John D. Shane's Interview with Pioneer William Clinkenbeard
(11CC54-66), transcribed by Lucien Beckner and printed in the HISTORY QUARTERLY,
The Shane interview here published was selected somewhat at
random. In A Calendar of The Kentucky Papers of the Draper Collection of
Manuscripts it is designated 11CC19-23. Shane does not give the time of this
interview; it probably occurred before 1850. In the following transcription no
changes were made other than spelling out abbreviated words and inserting, in
brackets, some attempted elucidations; the headings, here in italics, are
SHANE'S INTERVIEW WITH HEDGE
John Hedges. John Hedges
lives at the crossing of the Paris and Winchester, and Iron Works, or
Clintonville and Middletown roads. - Diagonally across from Stony Point
Settling Lands. It was for some time a prevalent custom
for persons to take a lease on lands in the more central parts, free from
probable incursions of the Indians, till they could either go out to lands of
their own in safety, or have opportunity and the means of getting land of their
own. The lease was to secure their privileges, and the lessor thus got his lands
cleared. But all did not take these precautions to secure themselves, or to do
justice to others. Many squatted down on lands, not knowing or caring whose they
were. And some who had leased, enchanted with the abundance of the cane and the
ease of raising cattle, fell too readily from their original purpose of settling
themselves, and by attempting to follow up the range, which thus soon ran out,
reduced themselves to poverty, and some of them thus lost some of the finest
lands in the country. Improvidence, once scaxcely to be practiced, when the face
of things changed, was then the ruin of thousands.
Currency. The currency
of the country then was cows and calves, and horses. More current than our bank
notes now. Have heard a horse cried off in Paris at so many cows and
Settlers. Irish mostly from Pennsylvania country and South
Carolina. Were called Cohies. Mostly Presbyterians.
Virginians were called Tuckahoes. You could tell where a man was
from, on first seeing him.
John Hedge, was here in 1791, November 3d,
Monday. Morgan's Station was taken in 1793. (Monday, November 3d?) [April 1,
1793] On Slate, near the Iron Works.
Mayslick. Mayslick [settled in 1784]
was then a station [when we came to Kentucky in 17891. There was no settlement
from there to Blue Licks.
Ready-Money Jack. About 5 or 6 miles from
there, one Ready--Money Jack (an Irishman] had some cabins. Five or six miles
this side of the Blue Licks, where one Holyday since kept a tavern, within a few
hundred yards. Ready-Money Jack was from Monongahela country. Was less afraid of
Indians. The people in that country were more accustomed to them. He kept a kind
of tavern there [five or six miles from Blue Licks] and gave himself that name.
People were afraid to encamp out of the settlements, after leaving
Irish Station. Higher up, about two miles of Millersburgh, was
the Irish Station.
McClelland's Station. Had been a station what was
[earlier] called McClelland's Station. But the people were just settling out.
Pretty much dispersed at that time. Between Paxis and Millersburgh was settled
Wilmot's Station. Wilmot's Station was on the heads of
Huston, nine or ten miles from Paris, between Paris and Lexington. But at that
time (they) were settled out pretty much in (a) little neighborhood. The
neighborhood still retaining the name Wilmot's Station. You might see a dozen
little cabins, say, at a time.
Hood's Station. [Andrew] Hood's Station
was up by Winchester (three miles north] and Stroud's. That winter  they
were beginning to build some cabins at Winchester [at Crossthwaite's Station,
one-half mile east of the present town].
Constant's Station. [John]
Constant's Station was opened two or three miles [only one-half mile] this side
of Stroud's, on a road that had been opened to Maysville from Boonsborough, and
intercepting that one from Lexington, about this Ready-Money Jack's. This road
was cut for Stroud to move up on, and for others to get salt, &c. (John]
Stroud moved -up about two years after he first came out here at all. That was
the only road at all through heie then. They went on from Paxis on the road that
was about that time made to Hornbach's Mill [about four miles
north of Strode's] till it intersected the one leading to Stroud's.
They went up it to Stroud's, and then on by Hood's, and soon the old trace on
the ridge to go to Mount Sterling.
Seven or eight years before some
mischief had been done at this Constant's. His was the first Station built out
of Strode's. Hood and Constant were both in existence when I came [in 1789] to
Stroud's Station. Stroud's Station was the most prominent
point in all that section. Was on the head of Stroud's Fork of Stoner. [Strode's
was less than a mile from Constant's. Shane spells pioneer John Strode's name
both "Stroud" and "Strode." The correct spelling always has been Strode. The
Strode family is still prominent in Clark and neighboring
Shull's Station. Shull's Station was on Stoner, near the head.
[Joseph Schull was a son-in-law of Daniel Boone. This place, in Clarke County,
is now Schollsville, but locally the name is pronounced
Buffaloe. When I first came here, the buffaloe bones
covered all the grounds. Said that men used to come down from Stroud's (and) the
interior, when the buffaloe were poor, and kill them for sport, and leave them
lie. The trace that passed on to the upper and lower Blue Licks led through
here, and they would- kill them on it. It went from Strode's Station. There was
very little cane through here. Mostly covered with wild-rye and
Salt Spring Trace. The trace that was a buffaloe trace from
Strode's Trace to Harrod's Lick, on Stoner, was called the Salt Spring Trace.
And the trace made by Stroud avoided crossing Stoner so often. The buffaloe took
a strait course.
Stoner's Trace. [Michael] Stoner's Deposition in the
case of Payne versus Strode, &c. at Paris. In 1778 Stoner was out to kill
and hunt, under the Virginia government, and was passing from Boonsborough to
Blue Licks in 1776 and lost his horses, and marked his way back so as to find
his baggage, and it was from that called Stoner's Trace for some
Moses Thomas, Enoch Smith, Testimonies.
Would take a lease for five years, clear as much as they pleased, and enjoy the
range till it was gone, and then move. Most of the people when I came were on
leased lands, till times became more safe.
Mrs. Young. Morgan's Station.
1793. A Mrs. Young, at Morgan's Station, was taken with her child. Her child was
killed on the Ohio River, and she exchanged at Wayne's treaty.
A young woman, that was scalped on the road, and was left, got well
again, and came in. Young, that husband, escaped from that station.
took off his wife and two children. Was pursued by two Indians. She waded Slate
[Creek]. It was pretty deep. After they crossed, her clothes were in her way,
and he took out his knife and trimmed them off. She led along the little boy,
and he took the child and his gun in his arms, treeing whenever the Indians came
too near, thus keeping them at bay, and brought off the only woman and children
that escaped. Harry Martin?
Smith's Station. [Enoch] Smith's Station was
not far from Mount Sterling. It was Mount Sterling that was settled that spring
of 1792. Winchester wasn't thought of then. Some of the people I was moving that
winter, 1791-2, and one or two of the company, went aside to a father-in-law's,
at Smith's Station, about one and one-half miles from the road. Troutman and his
wife we were moving. A Tanner, going up on to the peeled-oak fork of Slate to
live. Spurgen was going on with a cabin at that time, and there were one or two
others going on. Mount Sterling was on the trace that led from Lexington and
Stroud's Station to the Slate Iron works [in Bath County]. Moved Troutman there,
fall 1791. Some Negroes were killed afterwards from his same
Coming Out. Fare. Wind was a great-deal against us, and we
had turkey-pot-pie till I got so tired I never wanted to eat any more as long as
I lived. At this Ready-Money Jack's we got some hot corn cake and milk, which
ate admirable. Our pot-pie had been made of flour ground on horse mills, in
Monongahela country. That winter we got hog and hominy, good and abundance of
it. I travelled a great deal that winter, and off from the public roads the
people were ready to thank me for my company.
Wolves. Wolves beset me
when I stopped all night near Mount Sterling.
Salt Licks. Fall of 1792, I
went to Bullitt's Licks, by Lexington, Danville, Bairdstown, &c. Fall of
1793 I went to Mann's Lick twice. [Both licks are a few miles south of
Louisville.] Same rout. Only road. Crossed Kentucky [River] at the mouth of
Hickman. After peace was made, they got to make salt upon Sandy, Salt-Lick, on
the Ohio, about the same time. Blue Lick had been used. But was not used but for
very little salt, the year after I came. The
year of Wayne's army, salt was as high as $4 per bushel, and pork got up to the
Wolves. August, 1793, at Mann's Lick, wolves came around the
wagons again. They were mighty bad in them days in Kentucky, on young cattle,
horses, and calves.
James Beath Captured. James Beath helped to settle
Stroud's Station in 1779. Went to Grassy Lick with two others (Swearingen, one,
I think he got clear.) They were watching the Lick. Beath was shot through the
shoulder. He and the other were taken. His wounds were not dressed till he got
in, and the flies blowed him [swelled due to infection by flies]. Packed him
several days, and this the month of August! Was taken to Detroit and kept about
three years. Sold there, and released at the close of the British War. Had a
wife and five children. Mrs. Beath had a sister, Mrs. Douglass, whose husband
had been killed [in the Blue Licks campaign] and left her with three children.
She [Mrs. Douglass] afterwards married Raph. Morgan [at Strode's Station].
Another sister married a weaver, Irishman, named Howard, and during this time he
had the charge of all three of the families. Beath was a very interesting,
conversible man. After all his scuffles, and got back to his family, and he had
settled down on a part of this land and made considerable improvements, he was
likely to lose his land through conflicting claims, and got chagrined, and sold
out, and moved over to Ohio, and died in less than twelve
Strode's Station. He [Beath] and old Tom Kennedy, Jesse Kennedy's
father, within three miles of Paris, were with the first settlers of Strode's
James Beath's treatment by Indians. Somewhere where Chillicothe
now stands, they had been a day or two without any thing to eat, and killing an
old dog, divided it equally with him. He tasted a piece, but it was so
unpleasant, he threw it down, and couldn't eat it. One morning the flies had
blown him so, and he felt so sore, and tired, the Indians, when they got ready
to start, said ho! as usual, and hod! to the pack, meaning for him to take it.
He felt so indignant, and was so angry, he thought he would rather just die,
than carry it any farther. He went on, they taking it after some pow-wowing.
When he had run the gauntlet, an old Indian took him and dressed his wound, and
he was afterwards sold to a British officer.
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