Breguet Atlantique
The Atlantique ATL3 maritime patrol aircraft, successor to the Atlantique ATL1 and ATL2, incorporates an enhanced weapon system with a maximum 9,000kg payload, new technology engines, glass cockpit and sophisticated avionics and sensors. The ATL1, selected as the NATO Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft, entered service in 1966 and remains in service with the German, Italian and Pakistani navies. The Atlantique ATL2 has been in service with the French Navy since 1989.
The ATL3 airframe will be produced by the Societé Européenne de Construction de l'Avion Breguet Atlantique (SECBAT) consortium, consisting of Dassault Aviation of France, Alenia of Italy, SABCA-SONACA of Belgium and EADS (European Aeronautics Defence and Space) company, formed by DaimlerChrysler Aerospace of Germany, Aerospatiale Matra of France and CASA of Spain.

The primary mission of the Atlantique is anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare, but secondary roles include search and rescue, mine laying and detection and long-range maritime surveillance.

COCKPIT
The flight deck is designed for two-pilot operation. Six liquid-crystal displays provide both pilots independently with the flight and systems management data, together with pictures from the electro-optical sensor, data from the weather radar and the tactical display.


TACTICAL CREW STATIONS

The aircraft normally carries eight tactical crew – the tactical co-ordinator (TACCO), the Deputy TACCO, two radar and electronic support measures officers and two acoustic sensor officers.
The tactical crew has identical workstations each with two full-colour, multi-purpose displays. The Deputy TACCO manages the communications, navigation and electro-optical systems. The TACCO receives the inputs from all sensor operations and, using the tactical aids suite, evaluates the situation and determines the actions to be taken.

WEAPONS
The Atlantique ATL3 has four underwing hardpoints with a total capacity of 3,500kg for carrying missiles such as Harpoon, Maverick, HARM, Magic, Sidewinder and MICA. In addition, a large weapon bay with capacity to carry a maximum internal payload of 5,500kg. can carry a wide range of ordnance and equipment to support deployment for out of area operations. Various combinations of payloads can be loaded in the weapons bay with a choice of up to eight NATO torpedoes, two Exocet AM39 air-to-surface missiles, four Harpoon air-to-surface missiles, six mines, either 250kg or 500kg, eight anti-submarine warfare depth charges, twelve search and rescue (SAR) containers, 200 sonobuoys and 70 markers.

SENSORS
The Thomson CSF Iguane multi-mode radar has the sensitivity to detect small periscope-size targets. It can operate in surface search mode and weather avoidance mode simultaneously and carries out track-while-scan. An Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) system is integrated into the radar.

The aircraft is equipped with a forward-looking infrared (FLIR) sensor installed in a spherical turret under the nose. The FLIR carries out search, detection, identification and tracking of targets and has a detection range of up to 100 miles. Two camera systems provide vertical and oblique photography. A Sextant Avionique magnetic anomaly detector (MAD), for the detection and location of submarines, is installed in the lengthened tail section of the fuselage.
The aircraft's two acoustic sensor operators detect, locate and track submarines using the Sadang acoustic data processing system from Thomson-CSF. 64 channels can be processed simultaneously.

COUNTERMEASURES
The electronic support measures system (ESM) is the Thomson-CSF Arar 13A radar detector. The system automatically detects, analyses, identifies and tracks radar signals and provides high probability of single-pulse intercept even in a dense electromagnetic environment. Intercepted radar signals are analyzed by comparison of signal characteristics against an ESM threat library.

NAVIGATION & COMMUNICATION
The navigation system uses a ring laser gyro inertial navigation system with an integrated global positioning system and a radio navigation suite including VHF omnidirectional radio ranging (VOR) with distance measuring equipment (DME). The autopilot equipment allows operational flight down to 100ft.
The communications suite includes V/UHF and satellite communications links with NATO Tactical Data Links 11, 14 and 16.

ENGINES
The Rolls Royce Allison AE2100H engines, equipped with six-blade composite propellers from Messier Dowty produce 10% more power than the current generation ATL engines, but use 15% less fuel.

VERSION 3 SPECIFICATIONS
Wingspan 37.4 m
Length including fuel probe 31.7 m
Height 11.3 m
Wing area 120 square m
Equipped empty weight 25,300 kg
Maximum take-off weight 46,200 kg
Basic mission take-off weight 44,200 kg
Maximum zero fuel weight 32,500 kg


Maximum fuel load 18,500 kg
Maximum endurance 18 hours
Economical patrol speed 170 kt
Transit speed 310 kt
Maximum speed at sea level 350 kt
Flight ceiling 30,000 ft
Transport capability 25 people
Armament, maximum internal payload 5,500 kg
Armament, maximum external payload 3,500 kg

Some pictures taken at Ghedi AB (italy) during an airshow in 2001


Version 2

The version 2 was specifically designed for Antisom Warfare (ASW), and Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW), and was derived from Atlantique version 1. This variant of the Atlantique family, was designed for export, specially in Europe, to replace naval patrol aircrafts. It features advanced sensors (radar, ESM, acoustics, FLIR and IFF, supported by redundant computing systems. A total of 28 ATL 2 was ordered and put in service by the French Navy.

Version 2 Specifications:

Wing span: 37.42 m
Length : 33.63 m
Engines : 2 turborprops Rolls-Royce Tyne RTy.20 Mk 21 (6220 CV)
Weapons payload: 3500 kg
Take off weight: 46500 kg
Max Speed: 675 km/h
Ceiling: 11000 m
Range : 9080 km ( 5hs patrol mision on a range of 1850 km)
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November 16, 2006 11:33 AM

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