<BGSOUND SRC="http://gmierka.tripod.com/music/Salley_Guarden.wma">
U. S. Major General George Sears Greene
George Sears Greene

Photo: Major General George Sears Greene
New York MOLLUS Commandery I.D.# 05520

"Rhode Island's Own"   Part Two

A Biography By: G. A. Mierka

Selected by Wikipedia as a resource on the life and career of George Sears Greene


Rhode Island's Own BY RI MOLLUS

Welcome to "Rhode Island's Own, Part Two", the Biography of Major General George Sears Greene, USV, Page of the R.I. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (RI MOLLUS) and R.I. Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War ELISHA DYER CAMP No.7.   You can also click to the RI MOLLUS War Papers (Personal Narratives) of R.I. Civil War Officers.   Here you can link to Camp No.7. and you can aslo click to the Rhode Island State Commandery of the MILITARY ORDER OF THE LOYAL LEGION OF THE UNITED STATES (RI MOLLUS).


      What you are about to read is the great and timeless story of American patriotism, service to country and 'Hope' for the future.    "Rhode Island's Own", is a series of biographies about Ocean Staters who stepped forward to answer the call to defend the Nation, under America's National Flag of Columbia during the War of the Rebellion (The Civil War) 1861 to 1866.    Each biography of the Rhode Island's Own series is drawn from the memoirs, books and quotes conveyed by those who experienced the tragedies and triumphs of the period.    This Internet version of Rhode Island's Own: Part II, is a snapshot or vignette about a unique individual, George Sears Greene, including the impressions and insights of those who knew him very well.    The Rebellion put the United States through a period of great trauma, to the likes and times of which the American People have never endured before or since.    In their typically unselfish manner as parents and veterans, most of the men and women of Greene's generation who lived beyond the period, to their final days, simply called it, "The Late Unpleasantness".

"Wisdom, credibility, benevolence, courage, and discipline....one who knows them is victorious"
Sun-Tzu, "The Art of War", 600 BC

George Sears Greene
The Early Years: Growing Up In Rhode Island

      George Sears Greene was born in the small village section of Apponaug in the town of Warwick, Rhode Island, on May 6, 1801.   His Mother gave birth to George in a small room on the southwest corner of the second floor of the Caleb Greene Home, located at Apponaug Four Corners, the main cross roads of the village, a slight distance up the street from the Warwick Town Hall.   George was the second of ten children born to Caleb and Sarah Greene.   His father, Caleb Greene, a native of Warwick and descendant of the original Greenes that inhabited Warwick with Samuel Gorton in the late 1600s, was born June 17, 1772.   Caleb was a former shipping merchant who later came into possession of a small mill in Apponaug, where young George spent much of his youth working to help support the family.   George’s parents were married on March 8, 1795.   His mother, also an original Greene Family descendant, was Miss Sarah Robinson Greene, born December 12, 1774.   George’s mother Sarah was the daughter of Thomas Greene and Sarah Wickes Greene.   She and Caleb raised their children to be hard workers in the best of the Quaker traditions.

      George was a very bright and extremely inquisitive young boy who excelled at all his studies in school.   As a young child he often spoke with the vocabulary and wisdom of an adult, which amused and amazed his parents and in-laws.   At first he attended the small one room village elementary school house in Apponaug, then completed his normal school education at the Old Warwick grammar school.   At age 16 his parents sent him to attend school in Wrentham, Massachusetts where he acquired a desire to later attend military school.   At the end of the year in Wrentham, George returned home to attend the Latin Grammar School in Providence, to prepare for college at Brown University.   His hopes of attending Brown disappeared when the effects of President Thomas Jefferson’s trade embargo with Europe ruined his Father’s business as a shipping merchant.   His Father, Caleb, fell on hard times, but other members of the Greene Family came to his assistance and Caleb started a new business as a small mill owner.   However this meant George would not be able to attend Brown.   His father went to work, and eventually inherited the small family mill next to their home in Apponaug, which sustained the family for several years.   Unfortunately George’s mother died of an unknown illness on January 4, 1838, but she left an indelible impression of morality to one’s fellow man on young George, which he carried with him for the remainder of his life.   His father Caleb deeply grieved the loss of Sarah.   He eventually found happiness he missed in his life and re-married to Miss Elizabeth Betsy Burke.   Betsy came from a family well known in Rhode Island by the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries.   George’s Step Mother Betsy and his Father had no children.

      George Sears Greene’s nine brothers and sisters were: Benjamin Robinson Greene, 1798; Sarah Wickes Greene, 1803; Albert Daniel Greene, 1806; Mary Wickes Greene, 1808; Robert Raymond Greene, 1810, who died at age one year; Thomas Raymond Greene, 1812, who died 1812, age one month; Octavia Greene, 1814; Nelson Greene, 1817, who died at age 9 years; and Thomas Ray Greene, 1819, who died at age 12 years.

      Since the Greenes were Quakers and against the practice of slavery, at an early age young George was brought up to be vehemently opposed to it as an institution, believing it to be a contradiction to the American Constitution and immoral.   However, as George grew up he also understood that the Founding Fathers of the United States were compelled to bargain its continued existence in the Continental Congress after the Revolutionary War, when they drafted the U.S. Constitution, to ensure the separate former American Colonies would come together to form a Union of American States under one flag and one national government.

      Throughout the 1820s and 30s, Caleb and his sons worked long hours at their mill.   He and his sons expanded the business as soon as the boys became of age to give him proper assistance.   After Caleb’s sudden death on December 4, 1853, Benjamin Robinson Greene and Albert Daniel Greene took over the Greene Family Mill in Apponaug and expanded the business.   George, living in New York at that time, was also asked to become a partner, but by then he had a career as the Chief New York City Engineer, and little did he know, a destiny that would return him to the military in the best historical measure of his honored cousin, General Nathanael Greene.

Colonel Christopher Greene Catherine Littlefield Greene Major General Nathanael Greene
Images Left to Right:
Colonel Christopher Greene
Led the first African-American Regiment in American History
In the Battle of Rhode Island, During the Revolutionary War;
Catherine Littlefield Greene, Wife of Nathanael Greene
Co-Inventor and financier of the Cotton Gin with Eli Whitney;

Revolutionary War Major General Nathanael Greene, The Fighting Quaker of Rhode Island
Second in the Continental Army only to George Washington.

      Proud of his heritage, George Sears Greene was descended from a long line of prominent Rhode Islanders.   The first of his illustrious Greene Family roots was Surgeon John Greene of Salisbury, England who was the original Greene of Rhode Island and an associate of Roger Williams and helped found the Rhode Island Colony and Providence Plantations.   George was also a nephew to Colonel Christopher Greene of the Revolution, and a second cousin of Major General Nathanael Greene (second under George Washington in the Continental Army, who saved the Revolution in the Southern Campaign that led to the surrender of Cornwallis), of the Revolution.

      Other prominent Greenes in his extended family lines were: both of Rhode Island Colonial Governors William Greene; General Nathanael Greene's wife, Catherine Littlefield Greene (co-inventor and financier of the cotton gin with Ely Whitney); Jacob Varnum Greene, and Elihu Greene (who married Jane Flagg, grand daughter of Benjamin Franklin), both brothers of Major General Nathanael Greene who lived at and managed the Greene Foundry and Forge at Spell Hall (Nathanael's home and the main family business in Coventry).   Both of Nathanael’s Brothers although Quakers, also aided George Washington's Continental Army during the Revolution by producing armaments for American Independence.

      George Sears Greene was also related by cousin to John Greene, Deputy Governor of Rhode Island Colony (son of the pioneer Surgeon John) who was one of the grantees of the Rhode Island Charter from King Charles II.   His other cousins were Nathanael Ray Greene, younger son of General Nathanael Greene, who served as Rhode Island State Attorney General and U. S. Senator; Richard Ward Greene, who served as U. S. District Attorney; Henry Gorton Greene, who served as U. S. District Attorney and Chief Justice of the Rhode Island State Supreme Court; Henry B. Anthony, who served as Governor of Rhode Island and U. S. Senator; and Samuel Greene Arnold, who served as Deputy Governor and U. S. Senator.

      George was also cousin to Louisa Greene, the last child of General Nathanael and Catherine Greene; George Washington Greene, grandson of General Nathanael Greene and son of Nathanael Ray Greene, who was a historian, author and close friend of the renowned poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; and Elizabeth Margaret Greene Arnold, Grand Daughter of Jacob Varnum Greene and the last of the Greenes to live at the General Nathanael Greene Homestead, Spell Hall, built by Nathanael Greene in 1770 in Coventry, R.I., where the Greene Family Trip-hammer Foundry and Iron Works was located.   Elizabeth Margaret Greene Arnold’s husband was Oliver Cromwell Gorton Arnold, a veteran of the 4th Rhode Island Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War.   Elizabeth Margaret died the same year as General George Sears Greene, Sr. in 1899.   Both are buried in Rhode Island.

U.S. General of the Army Winfield Scott
Superintendent Sylvanus Thayer
Images Left to Right:
U.S. General of the Army, Major General Winfield Scott;

and the Dean of all West Point Superintendents, Sylvanus Thayer.

A Brilliant Student
An Outstanding Time At West Point

      At a young age George displayed a natural talent for mathematics and design in school, which he would soon apply to the study of engineering.   By age 17, he finished his preparatory studies at Providence College (Brown University, originally named Providence College) and was recommended to attend the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, New York.   Recognizing his son’s talents and desires for a different career than Benjamin and Albert, Caleb, his father, sought out all his business contacts and prominent family members to get George the proper recommendations to attend West Point.   Greene was an extremely bright student and well liked by all who met him in Rhode Island and at the academy.   In the end he became one of very few West Point candidates recommended for admission by one of the school's most famous faculty leaders in the history of the academy, Sylvanus Thayer, then the school's Superintendent.   Thayer's recommendation highly attested to the perceived scholarly abilities and outstanding aptitude of George.

      George was admitted and entered the U.S. Army Military Academy at West Point in June 24, 1819, where he quickly excelled at or near the top of his class in all subjects.   His work at West Point so impressed Superintendent Thayer that George was appointed "Acting Professor of Mathematics" in his cadet senior student year.   His fellow cadets thought he was an outstanding teacher and admired him for his unique distinction as a fellow student and teacher.   While at the academy George would become close friends with several future Civil War Generals such as fellow students: Hannibal Day (MOLLUS ID# 06423, who would also become a veteran of the War With Mexico as well as the Seminole Indian Wars in Florida and marry the daughter of Greene and his second wife Martha); Joseph King Fenno Mansfield (who became a top Union Army of the Potomac Corps Commander and was killed at the Battle of Antietam), David Hunter, (who commanded the Division under which Col. Ambrose E. Burnside’s Rhode Island Brigade served at the 1st Battle of Bull Run, MOLLUS ID# 00579); Alfred Mordecai (inventor of the Civil War Period U.S. Army Light Artillery "single" gun-trail cannon carriage and horse drawn limber odnance hauling system, or the Mordecai Field Artillery Design System, adopted by the War Department in the mid and late 19th century, MOLLUS ID# 13345); George H. Thomas (of Virginia, who served in the War With Mexico and became one of the top Union Army Commanders, Southern born, who refused secession, and commanded the Army of the Cumberland during the Civil War, PA MOLLUS—died prior to MOLLUS ID# assignment); Alexander Dallas Bache (MOLLUS ID# 00098, who later became U.S. Army Coastal Survey Superintendent for the War Department); Robert Anderson (MOLLUS ID# 00120, who held Fort Sumter at the start of the Civil War); Albert Sidney Johnston (who became Supreme Commander of Confederate Forces in the west during the Civil War and was killed at the Battle of Shiloh); Samuel P. Heintzelman (a student of Greene who worked on improving the defenses of Fort Mackinaw in Michigan and Fort Adams in Rhode Island, and became second in Command of the Army of the Potomac in November 1862, and commanded the Department of the North during the Civil War, MOLLUS ID# 00582); George Archibald McCall (one year younger than Greene, who became a hero of the Seminole Indian War and the War With Mexico, one of only two pre-Civil War U.S. Army Inspector Generals under Winfield Scott, organized and commanded the Pennsylvania State Guard and commanded the Union Army of the Potomac, 3rd Division, 5th Corps, was captured and exchanged for Simon B. Buckner [of Fort Donnelson] then retired due to an illness during the Civil War, died prior to MOLLUS membership); and Silas Casey, II, (a fellow Rhode Islander six years younger and a student of Greene, who became the Union Army of the Potomac, 4th Corps Commander, hero of the Battle of Seven Pines and authored “Casey’s Tactics”, the standard training manual of the U.S. Army during the Civil War, MOLLUS ID# 00370).   Of all these men, together as West Point Cadets, Greene was probably closest friends with Hannibal Day, George McCall, Albert Sidney Johnston and Alfred Mordecai.

      George graduated "Second" in his class of 79 men in 1823.   Upon his graduation he was appointed Assistant Professor of Engineering at the West Point Military Academy and served in that capacity for 3 years, which delayed his army officer’s commission.   Since West Point tradition allowed the top 1/3 of his class to select their first choice of field commissions in the army it was naturally assumed George would pick the Army Engineers.   Instead he selected the field artillery, usually selected by the middle 1/3 of West Point graduates.   In 1827, for a brief time he was assigned to the 3rd U. S. Artillery at Fort Monroe located at the mouth of the James River in Virginia, and served as Lieutenant.   After a few months he was transferred to Fort Wolcott on Goat Island in Rhode Island.   The following year in 1828, George was again transferred to Fort Sullivan in Eastport, Maine and served there until he resigned his commission in the Regular U. S. Army in 1836, due to the loss of two of his children and his wife Elizabeth.

      While in the Regular U. S. Army, stationed at Fort Wolcott, Lieutenant Greene met, courted and married his first wife Miss Elizabeth Vinton in Providence, Rhode Island in the summer of 1828.   Regretfully, he took his new bridge with him to the remote Fort Sullivan in the Maine Wilderness.   She would not survive the cold and rude living conditions there.   Together they had 3 children: Mary Vinton Greene; George Sears Greene, Jr. (the first G.S. Greene, Jr. of George and Elizabeth, who died at birth); and Francis Vinton Greene (the first F.V. Greene, of George and Elizabeth, who also died at birth).   During the birth of Francis, Elizabeth died as well, while trying to give birth in crude hospital facilities at Fort Sullivan where George was stationed.   George was devastated.   He served for 12 years at the rank of Regular U.S. Army Lieutenant without promotion and pay-raise.   Living conditions for George and his family were not the best, extremely cold in the winter and cold and damp in the summer.   Fort Sullivan was located in the remote northern reaches of Maine where proper medical care was not easily accessible, especially in an emergency situation.   He soon realized Fort Sullivan was no place for his wife and children.   The fort was built to help guard the unsettled border between Maine and Canada to keep an uneasy peace.   French-Canadian and American lumbermen were in constant sometime violent disputes over wooded areas and forestry rights, which ultimately led to the "Aroostook War" in 1839, between Maine and New Brunswick.   Plus the Caroline Affair and the unsuccessful revolt for Canadian Independence further inflamed the region, making it necessary Major General Winfield Scott, Commander of U.S. Forces, to keep Soldiers like Lieutenant George S. Greene at Fort Sullivan for long periods of time.   Scott deeply sympathized with Greene and did his best to try to convince Greene not to resign his well-deserved military commission, but Greene had enough of military life and returned to Rhode Island.

      A little over a year after his return to Rhode Island his mother also died, in 1838.   George felt estranged and a bit removed from his former life in Rhode Island.   His Brothers tried to get him interested in the mill, but he declined their offers.   At first General Scott convinced George to settle for an extended leave from military service, given the nature of all the tragedies that befell George, but his resignation became official on June 30, 1836, at which time he went to work as an assistant engineer for the Andover & Wilmington Railroad.   While thus employed he had occasion to work out of the company’s offices located in Boston and Charlestown, where he met and courted Miss Martha Barrett Dana, daughter of Samuel Dana, who served several terms in the Rhode Island State Legislature, the General Assembly and State Senate, as well as the U.S. Congress.   His marriage to Martha changed his life and together they started a new family.

      Greene lived at the Apponaug Homestead he inherited from his father and worked on several railroad projects in southeastern New England.   George and his new wife Martha stayed in Apponaug only a short time.   During this time George supervised the construction of the Providence and Worchester Railroad until he took the position of Chief Civil Engineer of the Groton Water Works for New York City in 1846.   With some of his time spent while back in Rhode Island, George became interested in drawing up research about his Greene family heritage as his cousin George Washington Greene was completing his three volume set of books titled the "Life of Major General Nathanael Greene".

      The return to Rhode Island and the move to New York began a time of great happiness and acheivement.   George Sears Greene and his wife Martha Barot Dana Greene parented 5 children: George Sears Greene, Jr.; Samuel Dana Greene; Charles Thurston Greene; Anna Mary Greene; James John Greene (who died at birth); and Francis Vinton Greene; and also raised Mary Vinton Greene (daughter of his first wife).   His children would go on to become prominent citizens of New York, New Jersey, and Rhode Island, and serve with distinction in the military.

      Upon being appointed New York City Chief Engineer, George's first big project was to solve the city's critical drinking water shortage problems.   He designed and supervised the construction of a separate water and sewage supply and drainage system, most of which is still in use today.   In the mid-19th century, the population of New York was growing at a rapid pace so he created massive reservoirs located in Central Park to solve the clean drinking water shortage and a system to drain the sewage in to the East River and the Hudson.   The Central Park Reservoirs are an important aesthetic feature of New York City's great park today as well; almost like an oasis at the heart of the city amid its hustle and bustle and tall buildings.   These projects were critical to the growth and development of the city.   As the threat of Civil War loomed, all Greene's projects were near completion.   When the Confederates fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, on April 12th-14th, 1861, saddened by the affair, Greene knew the consequences.

Louisa Greene
Anna Mary Greene

Photos Left to Right:
Louisa Greene.
Louisa was the youngest child and daughter of Rhode Island’s hero of the Revolutionary War, Major General Nathanael Greene and cousin of Major General George Sears Greene, Rhode Island hero of the Civil War.
Anna Mary Greene Day.
Anna was the daughter of George Sears Greene and Martha Barrett Dana Greene.   In 1871, Anna married U.S. Navy Lieutenant Murray Simpson Day.   Lieutenant Day was a U.S. Navy emissary to Japan from 1873 to 1876 and the son of her Father’s old West Point Comrade Brigadier General Hannibal Day.   As Colonel, Hannibal Day commanded the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, of the 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac.   He was one of very few Regular U.S. Army officers to decline a Breveted General Officer’s position in the Volunteer Army during the Civil War.   He led one of only two U.S. Regular Army Brigades in to the “Valley of Death”, in actions near the Round Tops at the Battle of Gettysburg and was promoted Brigadier General, Regular U.S. Army by Congress for his bravery.

Brigadier General George Sears Greene, Sr. - Promoted later to Major General;
Photo from the collection of Henry A. L. Brown

War Clouds

At the outset of the Civil War, as President Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to form the Grand Army to defend the Republic.   Governor Andrews of Massachusetts, Governor Sprague of Rhode Island and Governor Morgan of New York all offered Greene a colonelcy in their State Militias.   Since he had become a resident of New York City he felt he was most needed there and declined the offers of Massachusetts and Rhode Island.   George was not a politically motivated man, but he could not condone the radical actions of the Southern States.   He felt, no matter the social and political issues of the day, Americans must always remain brothers under one flag and one country.   He had long thought and expressed his view that the unabated issue of slavery and southern interpretation of States Rights might some day interfere with the American experience and threaten to tear the country apart.   When his fears came to fruition he did not hesitate to offer his services to preserve the Union for future generations.

After the firing on Fort Sumter, Greene sent a message to the Governor of New York and volunteered his services.   He was immediately commissioned Colonel in command of the 60th New York State Militia Infantry Regiment.   All of George's sons volunteered for service as well, however he denied his oldest son, George Sears Greene, Jr., permission to serve believing that he might be needed to carry on his line of the Greene name if George Sr. and his other sons were killed in the coming war.   As commander of the 60th, Colonel George Sears Greene Sr.'s first duty was to train his regiment for war and take it to defend the nation's capitol in Washington, where upon its arrival the unit was Federalized.   Once the capitol was secured, the 60th New York was deployed along the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad and the upper reaches of the Potomac River to guard the important rail link from Washington D. C. to all parts west.

The George Sears Greene Homestead - Warwick, Rhode Island;
Photo from the Greenes of Rhode Island, circa 1870s

Construction finished in 1790

Civil War General George Sears Greene was a 7th generation Rhode Island Greene descended from the original Surgeon John Greene.   His 6th generation father Caleb Greene, Jr., June 17, 1772 to December 4, 1853, was the successful ship’s Captain of a merchant vessel that sailed and traded with many European ports of call in the late 18th and early 19th Century during the very troublesome times between America and Britain on the high seas.   For several years after the Revolutionary War the British were engaging in the stoppage of American shipping and unlawful search and seizure of American goods, which America regarded as out and out piracy.   This would become one of the major causes of the War of 1812.   However, by 1807 President Thomas Jefferson persuaded Congress to take sweeping actions to respond to the incident of the HMS Leopard firing on and boarding the USS Chesapeake and forcibly removing 4 of the Chesapeake’s crew; hanging one and pressing the other 3 in to the British Navy.   President Jefferson thereby closed all American ports to British and foreign trade and disallowed all U. S. Merchant ships from trading with any foreign country in response to the unlawful acts of Britain.   Until the British apologized and made full restitution, all American Merchant ships would have to confine their activities to only American ports of call.   The British never acknowledged any of their offences.

As time went on Jefferson’s closed policy ended up putting many U. S. Merchant companies out of business including Caleb Greene, George’s father.   His grandfather Caleb Greene, Sr., a 5th generation Greene, April 23, 1737 to April 23, 1813, and 5th generation cousin to Colonel Christopher Greene and General Nathanael Greene, willed the house and mills in Apponaug to George’s father Caleb Jr.   George’s grandfather Caleb Sr. and his great grandfather Samuel Greene Jr., 4th generation Greene, October 22, 1700 to 1780, had received water power rights from the town fathers of Warwick to dam a small river in Apponaug flowing to Narragansett Bay to establish a saw and grist mill next to the family home.   George’s father Caleb Jr. converted the two smaller mills into an expanded cotton mill business and worked it until his death in 1853, at which time George Sears Greene inherited the family house in Apponaug and a small portion of the mill business primarily operated by his older brother Benjamin Robinson Greene and younger brother Albert Daniel Greene.   While he worked as a civil engineer for the Providence and Worchester Railroad, George Sears Greene and his family lived in the Apponaug family homestead in Warwick with his parents; from his return of military service to Rhode Island from 1836 to the death of his stepmother Betsey (who had no children) in 1852 and his father in 1853.   The land for the house and mill was purchased about 1702 by his great great grand father Samuel Greene, Sr., 3rd generation Greene, January 30, 1670 to September 18, 1720, the son of John Greene Jr., August 15, 1620 to November 27, 1708, who was the son of Surgeon John Greene, first generation Greene, close pioneer associate of Roger Williams the founder of Rhode Island Colony.   The George Sears Greene Apponaug Family Homestead was started by Samuel Greene Jr. and finished by Caleb Greene Sr. in about 1790.

George, Martha & Their Boys

Mjr. Gen. Geo. Sears Greene, Sr. Martha Barrett Dana Greene G.S. Greene, Jr., Engineer
Capt. S.D. Greene, USN Major C.T. Greene Gen. F.V. Greene (Span-Am)
Images, Top Left to Bottom Right:
Major General George Sears Greene, Sr., (Pre Civil War image of the General);
General Greene's second wife, Martha Barot (Dana) Greene

Their Boys: George Sears Greene, Jr.; Samuel Dana Greene of the USS Monitor;
Charles Thurston Greene (who lost his leg in the Civil War); Francis Vinton Greene

A Home of Refuge - The Greene Apponaug Homestead;
Greene House Photo from the collection of Dorothy Mayer, circa 1890s.   Gen. Francis Greene, his wife and friend standing in front.

The Year Of Jubilee

It is thought the Greenes may have been Abolitionists for a time before the Civil War.   Their home in Apponaug sits atop a labyrinth of tunnels through the ground which once led to the water near Apponaug Cove connecting to Narragansett Bay.   This would have been ideal for the Greenes to hide out run away slaves, then aid them in their escape by ship to Canada.   The entrance to the passageway is located behind a paneled wall next to a fireplace in the front side parlor of the house.

For a time the house was lived in by Mary Vinton Greene and her family and Charles T. Greene, her half brother who lost a leg in the war in a skirmish at Ringold, Georgia, while serving under Sherman in early 1864.   By 1900, the G. S. Greene house in Apponaug was owned by Francis Vinton Greene who served as Lieutenant on his father's staff during the Civil War and served with distinction as a general at Manila with Dewey and Arthur MacArthur during the Spanish-American War.   The eldest of George Sears Greene's sons, George Jr., volunteered for service in the Civil War but his father disallowed it, insisting that George Jr. might become the only male to survive the war to carry on his line of the Greenes.   The General's second son, Samuel Dana Greene, graduated from U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, and was commissioned executive officer aboard the USS Monitor under Captain Warden.   During the famous battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack (CSS Virginia) at Hampton Roads Virginia Sam took command of the ship when a lucky shot from the forward pivot gun of the CSS Virginia hit the pilot house of the Monitor blinding Captain Warden.   After the war General George Sears Greene became a well respected man everywhere he lived.   When the General visited his daughter and two younger sons at their house in Apponaug (Warwick), on numerous occasions they were also visited by other prominent people of the era such as: Ulysses S. Grant, Philip H. Sheridan, Ambrose E. Burnside, Elisha Hunt Rhodes, Louisa May Alcott, William Sprague, Julia Ward Howe and Clara Barton; as well as Rhode Island GAR and MOLLUS Civil War Veterans, Senators, Congressmen, local reporters and authors.

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