Civil War Sites Along The Trail
|SEARCH THIS SITE | MAP OF THIS WEB SITE|
Confederate outpost (Mile 3.6) Wilson Boulevard. Across Manchester Street, two signs mark the foot of the hill on which a Confederate fort overlooked the railroad in 1861, the high-water mark of the Confederacy here. Abandoned in August, 1861.
Confederate General Longstreet established his headquarters at Home Hill ( more photos from the HABS in 1967) (Mile 5.2, 1 mile off trail) in Falls Church after the battle of First Manassas but prior to the skirmish at Munson Hill (September, 1861). This was the high-water mark of the Confederacy in this area. In the attic of this house soldiers wrote their names and regiments on rafters.
Site of ambush of Union troop train, June, 1861. (Mile 11.4) Large, new sign at site. (Small marker at Park Street, Mile 11.5) An article in The Washington Times, June 20, 1992, describes this ambush.
Freeman House served as a brigade hospital during the War;
Mile 11.4 (at Vienna train station). Union camp in Vienna, near railroad station. Note stockade. One block off the trail, behind the Vienna American Legion Post, is a star-shaped earthen fort, with an interpretive sign, at 330 N. Center Street. Dating from the Civil War, it protected the Union camp. From the Vienna train station, take Ayr Hill West 1 block to Center, turn right.
Confederates burned the bridge over Difficult Run (Mile 14.5) in 1861. No one rebuilt it until after the War.
10407 Hunter Station Road briefly served as a hospital for Lt. Col. Kane's Union cavalry. (Mile 14.9)
After the Battle of Chantilly (September, 1862), Robert E. Lee's Confederate army marched up Ox Road and Ridge Road. They crossed the railroad at what is today called Reston Parkway. (Mile 18.1) There they tore up the railroad, heating the rails until they twisted and ripping out ties. They then passed through Dranesville and forded the Potomac River into Maryland. This was part of the first invasion of the North, ending at the Battle of Antietam.
Frying Pan Church was the site of a skirmish, as well as a hospital and a rumoured meeting place of Mosby. Two miles south of trail. Call (703) 324-8675 to arrange a special guided tour. Mosby attacked Herndon itself, but was driven off.
Kitty's Kitchen, 861 Monroe St. S., c. 1863, a house still standing. More on Kitty Kitchen Hanna on the trail, reportedly served as an eatery where Union officers purchased meals.
Mosby raided Herndon Station on March 17, 1863.
Ratcliffe-Hanna House, 1.7 miles south of Herndon depot. Once owned by Herndon's Civil War spy, Laura Ratcliffe. Larua was well known for greatly helping the Confederate cause. At 25 years old, she was a friend of General J.E.B. Stuart. She gathered military intelligence for him. He wrote numerous letters to her, including the poem, "To Laura." Stuart introduced her to Mosby, who credits Laura in his memoirs for saving his life in Herndon. Impoverished after the War, Laura married Milton Hanna, a Northerner, who built this house for them.
Ball's Bluff Battlefield. The most significant
Harrison House, in Leesburg, Lee's Headquarters during week before Antietam. On Sept. 5, 1862, Lee, Longstreet, Jackson and Stuart held a conference here (Mile 34.6)
East of Hamilton Mosby's cavalry clashed with Union infantry and cavalry on March 20, 1865. This engagement was typical of Mosby's skirmishes in that the combined casualties were small (for both sides, wounded, captured and killed were 31.)
Bullet holes are still visible in the Baptist church on High Street in Waterford, (Mile 38.6, 4 miles off trail) site of a skirmish. Also see the Civil War cemetery on Fairfax Street.
Ambush at Heaton's Crossroads, Trails sign at the Loudoun Valley High School, 340 N. Maple Ave., Purcellville. At Maple Ave. crossing of W&OD. Union cavalry attacked a column of Confederates under Gen. Jubal Early here July 16, 1864, after the Southerners ended their campaign into Maryland, which briefly threatened Washington DC. The attack captured or destroyed dozens of Confederate wagons, many of which were filled with booty from the campaign
webmaster. This page hosted by
Get your own Free Home Page