From Egg to Chick
Isn't it Eggciting? - Raising chicks and activities for the classroom with eggs
Raising baby chicks in the classroom can be a very exciting unit for children in the spring. There are several things to keep in mind when deciding to raise chicks in the classroom.
You need to have a home for the chicks once they are ready to leave the classroom. Do not send the chicks home with the students. They are not pets. Try to find someone who lives in a rural area who will care for the chicks.
your incubator does not have an automatic egg turner, you will need to have
access to your classroom to turn the eggs during the weekend.
|You can obtain fertile chicken eggs for incubation in the classroom from Carolina Biological Supply.|
Have a supply of plastic eggs which will open. These are easily obtained around Easter. Make a set labeled #1-21. Open the egg and trace the diameter of the smaller egg onto cardstock. Glue the circle onto the opening of the smaller egg half making sure that the egg will still close. On the circle, glue a picture showing the daily development of the egg corresponding to the number on the egg. Store the eggs in an egg carton. You can make a set for each student in the classroom. Each day you can open a plastic egg to see how the real chicks in the incubator are developing.
I like to make a large chart in the room which we use to countdown the days until the chicks hatch. We also use it to keep a record of the times we turn the eggs each day and the temperature inside the incubator each time we turn the eggs. You must be sure to turn the eggs three times a day, or the developing chick will stick to the side of the shell. It is a good idea to put an X on each shell so that you make sure you turn them completely.
Beginning on the third day, you can have the children candle the eggs to see if any of them are infertile.
One 8-1/2 by 11 inch piece of black construction paper
Roll the piece of black construction paper into a cone. Use tape to secure the cone. Make an opening at the small end of the cone approximately 1 inch in diameter.
Place a flashlight in the large end of the cone, darken the room, turn on the flashlight, hold the large end of the egg at an angle to the small end of the cone to examine the interior contents of the egg.
Once the chicks have hatched you can have the children make a baby book for each chick. Make birth announcements, give them a name. Write about all their firsts - first step, first food, etc. Take pictures of the chicks each day and put them in their baby books. You can also include information on a growth and weight chart.
The University of Illinois Urban Programs Resource Net has lots of information about hatching eggs and several wonderful worksheets and activities to download.
Activity: Make graphs showing the percentage of the eggs that
hatched, and the number of eggs that hatched on each day.
writing: Have the students write a conversation between two of the chicks
in their shell in the incubator.
Activity: Have the students measure and weigh each of the baby
chicks. Next, have them graph their results and compare the weight of the
|Math Activity: Weigh and measure the chicks each day for two weeks. Graph your results.|
Inside an Egg (A Lerner Natural Science Book) -- Sylvia A. Johnson
Text and photographs trace the development of a
chicken egg from the time it is laid until the chick is born. An excellent
Miscellaneous Egg Experiments
Egg in a Bottle
Wad up the paper and drop it in the bottle. Light paper or matches, allow to burn out and immediately put the egg in the neck of the bottle. The egg will make a slurping sound and be sucked into the bottle. This happens because as the air inside the bottle cools; it takes up less space. The pressure outside the bottle will force the egg into the bottle in order to balance the pressure. To get the egg out of the bottle, turn the bottle upside down with the egg resting on the inside of the mouth of the bottle. Place your mouth over the mouth of the bottle and blow hard. When you stop blowing, the egg will pop out.
Place the raw egg into a small jar. Pour enough vinegar over the egg until it is completely covered. Watch the egg for several minutes. You will notice that the shell on the egg appears to bubble. After three days, remove the egg from the jar or glass. Gently remove the shell while you rinse it under cool water. If the shell does not come off completely, return the egg to the jar or glass. covers the entire egg, and try to rinse the egg the next day. Examine the egg and have the students write their observations. Bubbles will immediately form on the surface of the egg and will increase in number over time. The bubbles are carbon dioxide gas. After 24 hours the shell is gone. The membrane of the egg remains. The chemical name of vinegar is acetic acid and egg shells are made up of calcium carbonate. There is a chemical reaction between the vinegar and the shell.
Next, fill a jar with corn syrup. Place the egg in the syrup. It will probably float. Observe the egg ever few hours and notice the changes. Keep the egg in the syrup for three days. Remove the egg and rinse it under cool water. Examine the egg and have the students write their observations.
Next, place the egg in a jar of water. Keep the egg in the water for three days. Remove the egg. Have the students examine the egg and record their observations.
Click here to see another osmosis experiment using eggs and karo syrup
Eggstra Strong Eggs - Try to see how much weight a raw egg will hold
Weigh the four raw eggs. Cover the table with a plastic cloth. Place the eggs in a bottle top. Place the four bottle tops in a rectangle, about 8" by 6". Put the piece of poster board over the eggs. Begin placing books on top of the poster board. Record how much weight the eggs hold before they break. Compare the weight the eggs held to their actual weight.
Floating Eggs - an experiment with buoyancy
By adding the salt to the water you increase
the density of the water. The buoyant force is equal to the egg's mass
Either of the two times each year when the sun crosses the equator and day and night are of equal length everywhere. During the spring (vernal) equinox (about March 21), it is said that an egg will stand on its small end. Although some people have reported success, it is not known whether such results were due to the equinox or to the peculiarities of that particular egg. Others insist that some eggs will stand on their small ends at any time of the year.
The Incredible Egg Drop
Students will create a package that will protect a raw egg when dropped.
Have students brainstorm a list of materials they might use in creating a container for their egg. Next, have them draw an illustration of their container. Begin collecting materials in the classroom to create the packages. Have the students work individually or in pairs to build their containers. Once the containers are built, take the students outside and drop them from a height you have decided upon - I recommend at least 8 feet.
Bungee Egg Drop
The object of the BUNGEE EGG DROP is to drop an egg from a height of one meter into a bowl of water without breaking the egg. An egg without any visible cracks or damage is scored.
Each class divides into teams. Each team is given a raw egg. Using any number of rubber bands and only 10 cm of masking tape, the teams create a BUNGEE EGG. One end of the rubber band cord is attached to a point exactly 1 meter above the bottom of the bowl. The other end is attached to the egg. The egg is dropped (free fall except for the rubber band tether) from the 1 meter point into a bowl filled with water to a depth of exactly 5 cm. The 1 meter distance is measured from the top of the egg. Plumb lines are allowed for aiming but may not be attached to the egg.
Teams are allowed a maximum of 2 official drops. The best of these 2 drops is counted. Repair of the egg for the second drop is allowed using an additional 15 minutes. An egg that hits the water but does not sustain a crack will be judged a successful drop. Cracks sustained during the recoil are considered breaks. The class result is the average number of successful teams participating.
International Egg Toss
In the "International Egg Toss," teams of students create packages to protect raw eggs when they are sent by surface mail to other participating classes.
Egg Obstacle Course (OM activity)
This Group Activity is designed to enhance your ability to solve an assigned problem using problem-solving techniques
The Rules for the Egg Obstacle Course:
1. You have five minutes to complete the obstacle course.
2. You may talk or work as you wish.
3. This is an obstacle course for an egg. You will be provided materials to move an egg through the course. You may not touch the egg. During the five-minute period you are to complete as many obstacles as possible.
4. Each team member may select from the items given. Only one member may use an item. You cannot use items and pass them to someone else when you are finished.
5. A different team member must move the egg for each obstacle.
6. If the egg breaks or cracks, the team must stop at that point.
7. You will receive 20 points for each obstacle successfully completed. You may take the obstacles in any order you wish.
8. The following materials will be supplied to each team:
1. Straight roll/carry – move an egg 15 inches on a flat surface.
2. Pass egg through a 2" or larger diameter tube 12 inches long.
3. Over a space – egg must be moved across a 24" inch space between two tables or chairs.
4. Down a ramp – egg must be taken down a 10" long ramp. One end of the ramp is raised four inches.
5. Table to floor – egg must be moved from the top of a 30" or higher table to the floor. The egg cannot be dropped or parachuted. The hand of the student involved in completing the obstacle cannot go past the top of the table.
Another neat Egg Obstacle Course Activity
Egg Experiments on the Web
Egg Art Activities
Organic Easter Egg Dyes
a variety of organic liquids - tea, cranberry juice, grape juice, apple juice, coffee, red cabbage juice, etc.
hard boiled eggs
It is really fun to make organic Easter egg dyes. Place each of the liquids in a jar and add a tablespoon of vinegar per cup of dye to each jar. Place the hard boiled eggs in the jar and allow them to soak 1-2 days. When you remove them from the jar, you will have beautifully colored eggs.
Great Electronic Schoolhouse International Decorative Egg Exchange - this is a really neat activity
Ukrainian Easter Eggs
Before doing this activity, I suggest reading one or both of the books below.
Rechenka's Eggs by Patricia Polacco.
String Art Eggs
This activity is messy. I suggest doing it outside. Blow up the balloon. Soak the string in liquid starch until it is very wet. Begin wrapping the string around the balloon. Begin first in one direction and then go in another. You want to almost cover the balloon entirely, leaving small holes about 1/2 inch. I cover the balloon horizontally, vertically, and then diagonally to make sure there is a nice pattern. Brush the string again with liquid starch. Lay the balloons on wax paper and let them dry for at least 24 hours. It may take longer. When the string has hardened and dried, break the balloon with a pin. For extra durability, spray each balloon with shellac. These look nice hung from the ceiling.
Break the colored eggshells into small pieces. Have the students draw a very simple design on their poster board. Apply glue to one area of the poster board at a time. Glue one color of eggshell pieces onto each section. When finished, allow to dry overnight. Spray the finished mosaic with shellac.
Remove all the membranes from empty egg shells and grind them into a fine powder. Mix two parts plaster of Paris for every part of shell powder. Mix in water to make a stiff paste which you will mold into a cylinder shape. Let harden. You may add powdered tempera to make colored chalk. Use these outside as sidewalk chalk. Do not use them on a chalkboard!
Chicken in An Egg
Put some of the dry tempera pain into a zip lock
bag. Place the cotton balls in the bag and shake them around until they
are yellow. Glue the balls together to make the chick's body. Glue
on two small squiggly eyes and add feat and beaks cut from construction
paper. Glue the chick into the egg shell.
Little Chicks fingerplay
Five and five eggs
(Hold up hands)
That makes ten.
Sitting on top is old mother hen.
(Fold one hand over the other)
Cluck, Cluck, Cluck
(Clap hands three times)
What do I see?
(fingers around eyes)
Ten fluffy chickens
As yellow as can be.
(hold up ten fingers)
Edible Bird Nests
Oriental noodles (you buy them in a can)
coconut which has been dyed green (add food coloring to a baggie, toss coconut to dye)
Give each child a piece of wax paper and a handful of oriental noodles. Have them arrange their noodles into a nest. Melt the chocolate chips and drizzle the chocolate over the nest. Allow to cool. Place a little bit of green coconut and a few jelly beans in the nest. Enjoy.
Egg Candle Craft Project
Easter Egg Dolls Craft Project
Homemade Egg Paint
Easter Egg Pin
Egg and Spoon Relay
Egg Toss contest
Penguin Shuffle Races
With penguins, the daddy penguin incubates the unhatched egg by carrying the egg on top of his feet. Have the children pretend they are daddy penguins in this fun race. Give each child a plastic egg filled with sand. The children will race by shuffling across toward the finish line without dropping their eggs. The first one to succeed wins.
Roll the Egg
masking tape on the floor for the start and finish lines. Place a plastic
egg on the starting line for each child. The object of the game is to roll
the egg to the finish line with YOUR NOSE.
Great Egg Roll Internet Project
The 2001 BIG Internet Easter Egg Hunt Entry Form
Visit Mrs. Seagraves' QUEST Class for more lesson plans, thematic units and activities!