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The Doig family and Scottish History: a timeline

National events are on the left-hand side of the page; events relating to the Doig family and the Menteith area are on the right.

Click here or on the names of rulers in the chart for a genealogy and chronology of the Scottish royal family. This page is mirrored at Doig.net.


Stone Age
Pre-Celtic Beaker people and Tumulus people live in Britain
Stone Age
Neolithic tumuli (barrow tombs) built at Craighead and Blair Drummond
   
Bronze Age
Several cairns built in the Thornhill / Doune / Frew area
c 500 BC The Celts arrive in Britain    
   
Iron Age
Farmstead at Gargunnock, brochs built at Coldoch and on higher ground between Forth and Teith rivers
122-127
Romans build Hadrians Wall to keep out the Picts of Caledonia
140-142
Romans build Antonine Wall from the Forth to the Clyde
367
Picts overrun Hadrians Wall, the Romans rebuild it in 369
500
Scots from Ireland settle in Argyllshire and form the kingdom of Dál Riata under Fergus mac Ercc
early-mid 6th C
The Welsh (Briton) Saint Cadoc travels to Scotland, preaches to the unconverted Picts, and founds monasteries in the Forth-Menteith area in association with Caw of Strathclyde. One of the early churches associated with and named after Cadoc is at Kilmadock, near Doune.
563
St Columba crosses from Ireland to Iona to convert the Picts
685
The Picts defeat King Ecgfrith of Northumbria
7th-8th C
The four main parts of Scotland – Anglian Lothian, British Strathclyde, Scottish Dál Riata, and the Celtic kingdom of the Picts – all border on to each other in the Stirling area. Strathclyde later pushes into Menteith.
717
The church at Iona converts from Celtic to Roman usage
c 843
Kenneth mac Alpin unites the Scottish and Pictish thrones
450-850
Clearance of peat moss in the Vale of Menteith and around the Forth probably starts
860s-870s
Scotland ravaged by Viking attacks
904
Danish Vikings expelled from Scotland
937
King Athelstan of England defeats the Scots, Danes and Strathcylde Britons
954
Edinburgh, an Anglian (English) settlement, becomes part of Scotland
970s-990s
Kenneth II fortifies the Fords of Frew on the River Forth, which (along with Stirling) is one of only two safe places to cross between northern and southern Scotland. The fords lie on an ancient thoroughfare between Strathclyde and Doune.
1018
Malcolm II defeats the English and annexes Lothian
1040
Macbeth kills Duncan I
1057
Malcolm III defeats Macbeth
1069
Malcolm III marries Margaret (canonised in 1250), sister of the displaced Saxon claimant to the English throne
1102
The Norwegian king Magnus Barefoot conquers the Western Isles
1124
David I brings many Norman companions from England, who become the ancestors of most noble Scottish families
1192
Pope Celestine III declares the Scottish church to be independent from England
1238
Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith, founds an Augustinian priory at Inchmahome, an island in the Lake of Menteith
1261
Walter Stewart, younger brother of Alexander the Steward, becomes Earl of Menteith through his wife
1263
The Norse invade Scotland, and are defeated at the Battle of Largs by Alexander the Steward leading a mix of feudal and conscripted troops
1263
Walter Stewart, Earl of Menteith, commands a large force at the Battle of Largs; oral sources claim that members of the Doig family fought in Walter's troop
1266
The Norwegians cede the Hebrides and the Isle of Man to Scotland
c1260-70
Malise, Earl of Strathearn, grants Kincardine to Sir David Graham of Dundaff
1290
Death of the child-queen Margaret, Maid of Norway – 13 claimants compete for the throne
1292
Edward I of England chooses John Balliol as king
1296
Edward I invades Scotland, defeats Balliol, and removes the Stone of Scone to London
1297
William Wallace defeats the English at Stirling Bridge
1298
Wallace is defeated by the English at Falkirk
late 13th C on
The ancient Celtic judicial office of Mair is gradually assimilated with that of Sheriff. Mairs become executive officers of the new courts, making arrests, serving summons and carrying out judgments
1305
Wallace is betrayed and executed
1306
Robert Bruce is crowned king but is defeated by the English and forced to flee
1307
Robert Bruce returns and launches a seven year guerilla campaign with a victory over the English
1314
Robert Bruce defeats the English comprehensively at Bannockburn
1320
The Scottish nobles send the Declaration of Arbroath to Rome, seeking Papal recognition of their independence
1328
Scottish independence is recognised by the English in the Treaty of Northampton
1332
Edward Balliol defeats David II but is later forced to flee
c 1350
The Black Death strikes Scotland
1364
King David II marries Margaret Drummond, widow of Sir John Logie. They are childless and divorce in 1370.
1366
Annabella Drummond (Margaret's niece) marries John, Earl of Carrick, later Robert III.
1371
Robert Stewart becomes the first Stewart monarch as Robert II
1372
Alexander Doge is Vicar of Dunnichen, Angus (Forfarshire)
1390
Annabella Drummond is crowned Queen of Scots
1406
James I is captured by the English and not released until 1424
1412
St Andrew's University founded
1413
Thomas Dog becomes a student at Queen's College, Oxford
1425
James I has his cousin Murdoch, Duke of Albany and his elder sons executed for their actions while he was in captivity
1437
James I is assassinated
1457
William Dog is admitted as Burgess of Aberdeen
1460
James II is killed at the siege of Roxburgh
1460
Thomas Dog is on the faculty of St Andrews University
1463
Walter Dog is Keeper of Doune Castle
1467
Walter Dog becomes Chamberlain of Menteith
1469
Thomas Dog becomes Prior of Inchmahome
1471
Walter Dog is tenant of Kyncrech, Coupar Angus
1488
Many of the barons rebel against James III under the nominal leadership of his eldest son, who becomes James IV when his father is killed at the Battle of Sauchieburn
1490
John Dog is Burgess of Dundee
1491
Alexander Dog is Canon of Inchmahome
1492
William Dog is Burgess of Dundee
1503
James IV marries Margaret Tudor, 13 year old daughter of the English king Henry VII
c 1506
James Dog is mentioned in the court poetry of William Dunbar
1508
James Dog becomes Chamberlain of Menteith
by 1511
James Dog becomes Keeper of the Queen's Wardrobe, senior personal servant to Margaret Tudor
1513
James IV is killed along with many of his nobles in battle with the English at Flodden, Margaret Tudor becomes Regent for her young son James V
1514
Margaret Tudor marries Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus
1524
Protestantism is banned in Scotland
1529
Walter Dog is the hereditary Mair of Fee in the Lordship of Menteith
1540
James Dog of Dunrobin is created Seneschal of Menteith
1541
Margaret Tudor dies
1542
Mary becomes Queen of Scots at six days old, under the Regency of the Earl of Arran
1544-47
'The Rough Wooing' – Henry VIII of England invades and Edinburgh is burned
1547
Mary Queen of Scots is sent to Inchmahome Priory for safety
1548
Mary Queen of Scots sent to France
1552
James Dog of Dunrobin is made Commissioner of Levy for Menteith
1552
Dionisius (Dennis) Dog receives the chaplaincy of the Chapel of Christ's Well, Kilmadock. He is murdered by 1564.
1557
The first bond of the Protestant Lords of Congregation
1559
John Knox returns to Scotland and introduces Presbyterianism
1560
Abolition of Roman Catholicism
1561
Mary Queen of Scots returns to Scotland
1565
Mary marries her half-cousin Henry, Lord Darnley; Mary's illegitimate half-brother James, Earl of Moray flees to England
1566
Alexander, John and Archibald Dog of Ballingrew are granted remission for communicating with the rebels
1567
Darnley is murdered and Mary marries the Earl of Bothwell; they are captured and she is compelled to abdicate in favour of of her baby son James VI under the regency of the Earl of Moray
1568
Mary escapes, is defeated by Moray, and flees to England, where she is imprisoned by Queen Elizabeth
1570
Moray is assassinated and James VI's paternal grandfather, the Earl of Lennox, becomes Regent
1584
James VI establishes the Church of Scotland as an episcopal church
1583
John Dog is servitor to the Earl of Gowrie
1587
Mary Queen of Scots is executed in England
1592
Presbyterianism is fully established
1593
James Dog of Ballingrew is Mair of Fee and Chamberlain of Menteith
1592
The Roman Catholic leader, the Earl of Huntly, murders the second Earl of Moray, who is also Lord of Doune
1602
Paul Dog of Cessintully is one of the curators or guardians of James Stewart, third Earl of Moray and Lord of Doune
1603
James VI of Scotland becomes king of England on the death of Elizabeth I
1612
James VI reintroduces episcopalianism
1623
The first baptism in the Kilmadock parish records is that of Elspet, daughter of James Dog of Ballingrew
1638
The Scots reintroduce Presbyterianism and the National Covenant is drawn up
1644-45
The English Civil War spills into religious fighting in Scotland
1645
Thomas Dog of Craigmackerrane, near Perth, is mentioned
1646
Charles I surrenders to the Scottish army
1649
Charles I is executed in London and the Scots proclaim his son Charles II as king
1651
Charles II is crowned at Scone but his supporters are defeated by Oliver Cromwell; he returns to England in 1660
1661
Anglican episcopacy is once again established in Scotland
1666
A Covenanters' uprising is defeated
1679-80
Another Covenanters' uprising is defeated
1685
Paul Dog of Ballingrew is accidentally killed while serving against the Duke of Argyll, who rebelled against James VII in support of the Duke of Monmouth
1689
The Scottish parliament chooses William and Mary as monarchs after the Catholic James VII is forced to flee England after the birth of a son James to his Catholic wife
1689-90
The first Jacobite rebellion in Scotland is put down, indecisively at first
1690
The Scottish parliament reintroduces Presbyterianism
1692
Government troops massacre the MacDonalds at Glencoe after their chief is slow to swear allegiance to William and Mary
1707
The Scottish Parliament passes the Act of Union, bringing parliamentary union with England
1714
Queen Anne, the last Stuart monarch, dies and is succeeded by her Protestant Hanoverian cousin George I
1715
A Jacobite rebellion in support of James 'the Old Pretender' is defeated at the Battle of Sheriffmuir
1715
The Battle of Sheriffmuir is fought on the property of Charles Sterling of Kippendavie, son of Christian Dog of Ballingrew
1743
The church at Kilmadock is abandoned and services moved to a new parish church at Doune
1745
Another Jacobite rebellion led by Bonnie Prince Charlie, 'the Young Pretender'; the rebels invade England
1746
Bonnie Prince Charlie is defeated at Culloden by English forces led by the Duke of Cumberland; he escapes to France
1766
James Francis Edward Stuart, 'the Old Pretender', dies in Rome
1768
Dr David Doig, rector of Stirling Grammar School, publishes articles on Oriental and Classical subjects in the first edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica
1788
Charles Edward Stuart, 'the Young Pretender', dies in Rome
late 18th C
Last burial in Old Kilmadock Churchyard
late 1790s
Andrew Doig of Murdieston emigrates to New York state
1798
Robert Doig of Thornhill emigrates to the USA
1801
James Doig of Mackeanston emigrates to New York state
1805
The Corn Laws are passed, banning the importation of cheap grain
1807
Henry, Cardinal York, the last royal Stuart male, dies in Italy
by 1813
Walter Doig of Murdieston emigrates to New York state
1817
Paul Doig of Murdieston emigrates to Canada
by 1830
Paul Doig of Murdieston emigrates to Jamaica
1832
The first Reform Act greatly increases the electoral franchise
1836
John Doig of Murdieston emigrates to Canada after falling out with his landlord the 10th Earl of Moray
1843
The Free Church of Scotland breaks away from the (Presbyterian) Church of Scotland
by 1850
William Doig of Glasgow emigrates to Australia
1851
Andrew Doig of Kirriemuir emigrates to Michigan

John Doig of Auchtergarven emigrates to South Africa

1852
John Doig of Burntisland emigrates to Australia, then New Zealand

Henry Doig of Aberfoyle emigrates to New Zealand

1855
Compulsory civil registration of births, deaths and marriages begins in Scotland
1855
James Doig of Kirkcaldy emigrates to Australia
1860
Alexander and George Doig of Tibbermore emigrate to New Zealand
1861-62
Paul, Peter and Jean Doig of Frew emigrate to New Zealand
1863
Thomas Doig of Errol emigrates to New Zealand
1867
The second Reform Act extends the franchise further
c 1870
Paul Doig of Thornhill emigrates to Canada
c 1871
David Doig of Kirriemuir emigrates to Canada
1874
John Doig of Glasgow emigrates to New Zealand
1881
David Doig of Kirriemuir emigrates to Canada
1884
William Doig of St Andrews emigrates to New Zealand
1890
The Forth rail bridge is opened
1925
Alexander Doig of Dundee emigrates to New Zealand
1931
The National Trust for Scotland is founded to protect sites of historic and scenic significance
1979
A referendum on political devolution for Scotland chooses the status quo
1996
The Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland
1999
Following another referendum on devolution, a Scottish parliament sits for the first time since 1707

Sources:

  • George F Black, The Surnames of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1996
  • Brockhampton Chronology of British History, London, 1995
  • Frank Delaney, The Celts, London, 1986
  • Kenneth F Doig, The Dogs of Menteith and other papers, latest versions online
  • Kenneth Jackson (ed), Celt and Saxon: Studies in the Early British Border, Cambridge, 1963
  • J P Kenyon, The Wordsworth Dictionary of British History, Ware, 1994
  • John T McNeill, The Celtic Churches: A History, A.D. 200 to 1200, Chicago, 1974
  • Ordnance Survey, Map of Britain in the Dark Ages: North Sheet, Southampton, 1938
  • Norman H Reid, Scotland in the Reign on Alexander III, 1249-1286, Edinburgh, 1990
  • D W G Timms (ed), The Stirling Region, Stirling, 1974
  • David Williamson, Brewer's British Royalty: A Phrase and Fable Dictionary, London, 1996

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    ©, 1999-2002
    Created: 10 August 1999
    Last modified: 15 August 1999

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