The CUNYNGHAME family of Craigends
The Cuninghame or Cunningham family of Craigends were descended from the ancient family of Cunynghame of Kilmaurs, in Ayrshire, Scotland. They were the descendants of the second son of the first Earl of Glencairn. The direct male line of the family became extinct in 1917, but this chart only covers the family to the end of the 17th century.
Many Doigs have a descent from the Cuninghames of Kilmaurs through descent from Dorothy Cuninghame, wife of James Dog of Dunrobin in the late sixteenth century.
Jim Campbell has a web site devoted to the former mansion of the Cuninghame family at Craigends House, as well as another genealogy of the Lairds of Craigends.
1. William Cuninghame, 1st Laird of Craigends; second son of Alexander de Cunynghame, Earl of Glencairn; married (1) on 29 January 1484 to Elizabeth Stewart (died before 31 August 1496), daughter of Sir Walter of Arthurlie and Janet Cameron; married (2) by contract signed 31 August 1496 at Auchinleck to Marion Auchinleck, daughter of Sir John of Auchinleck. William was killed on 9 September 1513 at the Battle of Flodden Field, Northumberland, England.
His father granted William an annual rent of 15 merks from the lands of Walterston in Kilbarchany. On 4 February 1479 he was also granted a charter of the lands of Craiganys (Craigends) in the Lordship of Ranfurly. He married for a second time in 1496, and the marriage contract laid out a number of conditions designed to provide for any children of that marriage: 'Craigends thereby obleishes him to infeft the son (if any be) of the marriage in six mks. worth of land of auld extent called Bartanholm, and otherwise to pay the sowm of 1000 merks. If there be no son, but daughters, then to pay only the sowm of 300 mks.'
William had a charter of Robertland on 10 July 1506, which was confirmed by James IV in 1510. He was killed fighting for Scotland when king James IV broke his alliance with Henry VIII and invaded England; James IV and many of his noblemen were also killed.
Children by Elizabeth Stewart:
2. William Cuninghame, 2nd Laird of Craigends; married his step-sister Giles Campbell, daughter of George, Sheriff of Ayr and Marion Auchinleck. William was killed in a feud on 11 August 1533.
- William Cuninghame, 2nd Laird of Craigends (#2)
- Janet Cuninghame; married (1) Sir Patrick Houstoun, the Laird of Houstoun; married (2) the Laird of Boquhannan
- ?Jean Cuninghame; married John Maxwell of Dargavel => descendants (could be daughter of William, 2nd Laird)
Children by Marion Auchinleck:
- David Cuninghame of Bartenholm, 1st of Robertland; married before 22 January 1540/41 to Margaret Cuninghame of ?Craigends [the closeness of their relationship David was a half-brother of both her parents suggests Margaret may actually have come from the Craigton branch of the Cunningham family]. David died before 16 January 1543/44 => Cuningham of Robertland line
William's marriage to Giles was arranged at the time his widowed father married her widowed mother. Their marriage indenture stated: 'Also he [William] binds him to cause his son and appeirand air Wm Cuningham to marry Geilis Campbell, daughter to the said Marian Auchinleck, and, failing Geilis, to marry her sister Margaret, and, failing Margaret, to marry a third sister, Jonet. And in case he marry none of them, then to pay 300 mks.'
The feud in which William was killed was that between the families of Cuninghame (especially the Earls of Glencairn) and the Montgomeries of Eglinton. The feud began when Hugh Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Eglinton (who may earlier have been involved in the deaths of the 1st and 2nd Earls of Glencairn) was created Bailie of Cunningham in 1498. This brought him into serious disputes with the Cunningham family, traditionally lords of that area. In 1528 the Cunninghams had burnt down the castle of Eglintoun. William's murderers were members of the Semphill family, relatives by marriage of the Montgomeries.
- Gabriel Cuninghame, 3rd Laird of Craigends (#3)
- William Cuninghame, ancestor of the Cuninghames of Carncuren
- Robert Cuninghame; married Christian Park; ancestor of the Cuninghames of Bedland, Auchinharvie, and Southbrook
- son Cuninghame
- Janet Cuninghame; married by a charter dated 24 November 1550 to David Stewart of Cassilton and Castlemilk => descendants
- Beatrix Cuninghame; married John Porterfield, 1st Laird of Duchil
- Catherine Cuninghame; married (1) the Laird of Bavine; married (2) John Wallace of Elderslie (died after 1530) => descendants
- Geilis Cuninghame; married John Crawford the elder of Auchinames
- Marion Cuninghame; married George Maxwell of Newark
- daughter Cuninghame; married - Whitford of Whitford
- daughter Cuninghame; married - of Stanley
- daughter Cuninghame; married - of Dairhome
- daughter Cuninghame; married - Crawford the younger of Auchinames
- daughter Cuninghame; married - Crawford of Crawfordland
- ?Jean Cuninghame; married John Maxwell of Dargavel => descendants (could be daughter of William, 1st Laird)
- ? Margaret Cuninghame; married (1) Sir John Colquhoun of Luss (died 1536); married (2) before 22 January 1540/41 to her half-uncle David Cuninghame of Robertland => descendants by both marriages. [Given the close relationship between Margaret and her second husband, she may have belonged to another branch of the Cunningham family.]
3. Gabriel Cuninghame, 3rd Laird of Craigends; married Elizabeth Livingston, daughter of William of Kilsyth. Gabriel was killed on 10 September 1547 at the Battle of Pinkie, Lothian, Scotland.
- William Cuninghame, 4th Laird of Craigends (#4)
- James Cuninghame of Achinyards; married Margaret Fleming, daughter of the Laird of Barrochan => Cunynghams of Achinyards
- Janet Cuninghame; married Sir Patrick Houstoun of Houstoun
- Elizabeth Cuninghame; married Andrew Stirling of Portnallan and Law
4. William Cuninghame, 4th Laird of Craigends; married Margaret Cuninghame (died 1618). William died in 1568.
William's widow Margaret remarried twice. She is buried in the Old Kilmadock churchyard, near Doune, Perthshire.
- Alexander Cuninghame, 5th Laird of Craigends (#5)
- William Cuninghame
- John Cuninghame of Rawis
- Gabriel Cuninghame
- Grisell Cuninghame; married Robert Laminton of Inch
- Elizabeth Cuninghame; married the goodman of Grange
- Janet Cuninghame
- Dorothy Cuninghame; married about 1589 to her step-brother James Dog of Dunrobin (born about 1573, died February 1634)
5. Alexander Cuninghame, 5th Laird of Craigends; married (1) Grisel Dunbar, Lady Mochrum (died before 11 August 1586); married (2) Lady Elizabeth Cunningham of Glencairn (died before 7 September 1614). Alexander's will was proved on 3 September 1617.
Children by Elizabeth Cunningham:
- William Cuninghame, 6th Laird of Craigends (#6)
- Alexander Cuninghame
- James Cuninghame
6. William Cuninghame, 6th Laird of Craigends; married Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of Sir Archibald of Castlemilk. William died after 1636.
- William Cuninghame (#7)
- Archibald Cuninghame; married Isobel Craufurd of Kilbirnie
- Gabriel Cuninghame; married Jean Blair of Blair
- James Cuninghame
- Margaret Cuninghame; married William Napier of Merchiston
- Janet Cuninghame; married in 1630 to John Crawfurd the 16th of Crawfurdland
- Agnes Cuninghame; married (1) John Hamilton; married (2) --- Wallace of Ferguslie
- Jeane Cuninghame; married James Roberton
- Elizabeth Cuninghame; married Sir John Cunningham of Gilbertfield
7. William Cuninghame; married in 1622 to Elizabeth Napier, daughter of John Napier of Merchistown. William died in 1636.
William died before his father. His father-in-law John Napier was the famous mathematician who invented logarithms, and his wife's brother William married his sister Margaret.
- Alexander Cuninghame, 7th Laird of Craigends (#8)
- William Cuninghame of Butesbon; married Anna Montgomerie of Skelmorlie
- John Cuninghame
- Archibald Cuninghame
- Jean Cuninghame; married John Maxwell of Dargaval
- Anne Cuninghame; married (1) John Schaw of Bargarron; married (2) James Hamilton of Overshiels
- Elizabeth Cuninghame; married (1) John Maxwell, Laird of Southbar; married (2) James Brisbane of Selvieland
8. Alexander Cuninghame, 7th Laird of Craigends; married aged 19 to Janet Cuninghame, daughter of William Cuninghame of Achinyards. Alexander died in 1690.
Alexander matriculated Arms at the Lyon Office in 1674. He was a firm supported of Presbyterian church government, and spent five years imprisoned in the Tolbooth in Edinburgh for supporting the exiled Earl of Argyll.
- William Cuninghame, 8th Laird of Craigends, MP for Renfrewshire; married (1) Anne Ruthven; married (2) on 14 April 1689 to Christian Colquhoun, daughter of Sir John of Luss => descendants
- Margaret Cuninghame
- Elizabeth Cuninghame; married on 23 September 1671 to George Houston of Johnstone Castle
- Rebecca Cuninghame; married John Hamilton of Grange
- Janet Cuninghame; married John Alexander of Blackhouse
- Marion Cuninghame; baptised 21 August 1659 in Kilbarchan parish, Renfrewshire; married Alexander Porterfield of Fullwood
- Anna Cuninghame; died unmarried on 28 January 1694
Go to other family branches:Early | Kilmaurs | Glencairn | Cunninghamhead | Craigends
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Created: 17 December 1999
Last modified: 6 February 2002
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since 17 December 1999.