- As seen by others in the beginning-
- "brave Macbeth" - Captain , I, ii
- "Bellona's bridegroom" - Ross, I, ii
- " valiant cousin, noble Macbeth, peerless kinsman" - Duncan, I, ii and V
- During the course of the novel till the end : character decreases - "this dead butcher"
1)Faults- burning ambition=> coupled with treacherous words of witches => thoughts of murder
- Macbeth knows the evil within him- " ...only /vaulting ambition" ( I, vii)
- Macbeth tries to Macbeth's evil but is swayed by the taunts and scolding of his wife. Act I, vii
- Act II- needs the support of his wife in carrying out the murder of Duncan
2)Guilt- strong imagination- turns guilt feelings into the physicality of a bloody knife ( Act I, iii) "..gouts of blood.."
- thinks he hears a voice call out when returning from the murder of Duncan
- sees Banquos Ghost
3)Fear- finds it easier to kill out of fear
- does not trust anyone
- ex- does not consult wife when he kills Banquo
- out of control- "I am blood/ stepped in so far that, should I wade no more, / Returning were as tedious as go o'er."
=> conscious decision to go on with evil deeds
4)Surrendered to Evil: ex- asks witches if he is now one of them - (IV, i)
- vows to be more brutal => orders the murder of Macduff's family ( IV, i 142-155)
- now described as "Devilish, treacherous, hell kite, fiend"
5)Realization- V, v- realizes that he has lost much more than he has gained
6)Pathos: treachery of the witches
- "Yet I will try the last. Before my body I throw the warlike shield, lay on Macduff, and damned be him that first cries "hold enough'
1)Beginning- violence of her determination and ambition => wants to be pitiless, to be male, to be cruel so she can achieve her "fell purpose"
- seems stronger than Macbeth
2)Macbeth- she is the driving force behind murder
- she shows her devotion to her husband in violent ways such as killing her own child
3)Guilt- does not realize the consequences of the deed
- guilt overcomes her ( III, vi ) "noughts had, all's spent, / Where our desire is got without content"
- by ( III, iv0 scene of the Banquet all drive's gone
- sleep walking- shows that the guilt has totally overcome her
- before= " a little water cleans the deed"
- after- "... all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand."
=> ends up committing suicid