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CUSCO TRAVEL

Cusco Travel was the capital of the Inca Empire (1200s-1532). Many believe that the city was planned to be shaped like a puma[13]. The city had two sectors: the urin and hanan, which were further divided to each encompass two of the four provinces, Chinchasuyu (NW), Antisuyu (NE), Qontisuyu (SW) and Collasuyu (SE).

cusco travel

A road led from each of these quarters to the corresponding quarter of the empire. Each local leader was required to build a house in the city and live part of the year in Cusco Travel, but only in the quarter of Cusco Travel that corresponded to the quarter of the empire in which he had territory. After Pachacuti, when an Inca died his title went to one son and his property was given to a corporation controlled by his other relatives (a process called split inheritance), so each title holder had to build a new house and add new lands to the empire, in order to own the land his family needed to maintain after his death.


According to Inca legend, the city was built by Sapa Inca Pachacuti, the man who transformed the Kingdom of
Cusco Travel from a sleepy city-state into the vast empire of Tahuantinsuyu. But archaeological evidence points to a slower, more organic growth of the city beginning before Pachacuti. There was however a city plan, and two rivers were channeled around the city. Archaeologists such as Larry Coben have suggested this city plan was replicated at other sites throughout the empire.


The city fell to the sphere of Huáscar in the division of the empire after the death of Huayna Capac in 1527. It was captured by the generals of Atahualpa in April 1532 in the Battle of Quipaipan, and nineteen months later by the Spaniards (see battle of Cuzco).

 

CITY Cusco Travel TOUR

Visit to important places like the Cathedral, the Temple of the Sun or Koricancha and the archaeological park of Sacsayhuaman (fortress built in the XV century). The tour includes visits to the ruins of Qenko (Temple of the God Puma), Pucapucara (fortress built in the XI century) and Tambomachay: Temple to render cult to the God Water.

 

MACHUPICCHU

cusco travel

Located 120 Km of the city of the Cusco Travel and at 2.400 m.a.s.l, the famous Inca citadel of Machu Picchu lies at the top of a mountain with the same name, several constructions standing in one of the world's most spectacular natural sceneries: the Cloud Forest. The perfection of its walls overflows the limits of imagination.

 

SACRED VALLEY

The Sacred Valley name is lost in time and it is surely related to its religious importance during the Inca period. Although almost five centuries have passed since the Inca's Empire collapsed, the Sacred Valley still reflects the lively mystical spirit that, to these days, surprises and inspires those who visit it, not only for its exuberant landscapes but for its history and culture.

The precise function of this city is still unknown. Several hypotheses appoint to ceremonial purposes as well as defense against the Antis attacks, or as a resting residence for the Inca. The only sure thing is that the citadel has the characteristics of a fortress due to its extremely difficult access.

 

INTI RAYMI

Every year on June 24th, Cusco Travel celebrates the Inti Raymi. This festival has been celebrated by the Incas as the Festival of the Sun in which Wiracocha, the God Sun, has the honor. The Inti Raymi symbolizes the eternal consecration of marriage between the Sun and its children, the human beings. Inti Raymi was the most important festival of the Inca’s Empire, the Tawantinsuyu, which religion was based on the cult to the Sun. On June 24th they celebrate the winter solstice, the beginning of the Andean New Year. Scientifically, the solstice begins on June 21 but, according to the Pacha Unachaq (sun clock used by the Incas) the sun remains at the same place for some days before June 24th. This day has been proclaimed by the main priest as the beginning of the New Year.

 

INCA TRAIL

Machu Picchu was connected with Cusco Travel, the capital city, and others through an excellent trails network. The Inca trail to Machu Picchu is considered as the most famous trekking route in South America, due to the different elements that offers to the visitor. It begins at the Km 82 of the railway, towards La Convencion Valley.

The natural scenery is impressive, with a remarkable balance between nature and the Inca architectonic work. The presence of the Vilcabamba mountain range (with snow-capped peaks 6.000mts. height and over, such as the Salkantay and Humantay, among others) along with spectacular forests and valleys, create fantasy images where dawns and dusks provide spectacles of greatness and mystery.

 

SALKANTAY MOUNTAIN

The Vilcabamba Mountain gorge forms an uneven range lying between the region's main rivers, the Urubamba and the Apurimac. Along the north side, massive snow-capped peaks hit the tropical forests creating a brilliant contrast between lush vegetation and high desolation.

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