Born: April 23, 1791 at Cove Gap near Mercersburg, Pennslyvania.
Education: Graduated from Dickinson College at Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
Occupation: Lawyer, diplomat, public official, served briefly in War of 1812.
Family life: A bachelor. James Buchanan was the only President who never married.
Political career: Served in Pennsylvania legislature, then became a Jacksonian Democrat. Representative in Congress from Pennsylvania, 1821-31; senator, 1834-45. Was minister to Russia and Great Britain; served as Polk's secretary of state. Hoped for Democratic presidential nomination in 1844, 1848, 1852; elected in 1856.
Highlights of his presidency: Failed to move decisively on secession of South Carolina, taking narrow view of presidential power.
Appearance: Tall, stately, stiffly formal in the high stock he wore around his jowls.
Died: June 1, 1868 at Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Buried: Woodward Hill Cemetery in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Abraham Lincoln * Calvin Coolidge * Thomas Jefferson * Andrew Johnson
Herbert Hoover * James Madison * Ulysses S. Grant * Franklin D. Roosevelt
James Monroe * Rutherford B. Hayes * Harry S Truman
John Quincy Adams * James A. Garfield * Dwight D. Eisenhower * Andrew Jackson Chester A. Arthur * John F. Kennedy * Martin Van Buren * Grover Cleveland
Lyndon B. Johnson * William Henry Harrison * Benjamin Harrison * Richard M. Nixon
John Tyler * Grover Cleveland * Gerald Ford * James K. Polk * William McKinley
James E. Carter * Zachary Taylor * Theodore Roosevelt * Ronald W. Reagan
Millard Fillmore * William Howard Taft * George Bush * Franklin Pierce
Woodrow Wilson * William J. Clinton