AUFTRAGSTAKTIK
Miniatures Rules

  Mike J.
The J-8 Shop

UNITED STATES ARMY, 1980s

Introduction

Despite the doctrinal innovations of the AirLand Battle, which recognized the Soviet Army's numerical preponderance could not be dealt with solely through reliance on firepower (as shown by the Israeli experiences during the Yom Kippur War of 1973), the US Army did not embrace the doctrine of maneuver to the same extent as the German or Israeli militaries. In spite of its highly effective performance during Operation Desert Storm, the US Army did not display the sort of emphasis on speed, even at the cost of risking exposed flanks or bypassed enemy units, preferring instead to rely on a more methodical, phaseline-governed advance that maximized the impact of its considerable firepower. While this approach proved extremely effective against the Iraqi forces, it (along with political decisionmaking) contributed to some Iraqi Republican Guard units escaping to Iraq, where they helped put down Shia and Kurdish rebellions.

The US Army's emphasis on firepower was reflected by the greater concentration of resources at division, as opposed to brigade, levels. While maneuver-oriented militaries have tended to make their brigades and even battalions more self-sufficient and capable of autonomous operations, the long-standing pro-firepower bias of the US Army manifested itself through centralizing control at divisional level of assets that in other armies were permanent components of brigades. To a certain extent it was due to the magnificent array of weapon systems US divisions had at their disposal, which made them, at least in terms of firepower, more powerful than any equivalent unit in the world. However, it is not a coincidence that armies that embrace maneuver warfare tend to be relatively small forces whose likely foes outnumber and/or outgun them. A trauma of defeat by a more agile adversary, as in the case of France in 1940, can be a powerful stimulus as well. The US Army has lacked such experiences. In all of its conflicts in the 20th Century, if it did not outnumber its foes it certainly outgunned them. Superior firepower (including in the form of air-delivered ordnance) during World War 2 was more than enough to offset any deficiencies in maneuver. Nevertheless, although still clinging to the remnants of its attritional way of war that have served it so well during most of the 20th Century, the US Army of the 1980s compared very favorably with that of its likely opponents. Its combination of firepower and maneuver would have likely been sufficient to halt a Soviet offensive.

Doctrine and Troop Quality
Veteran, Balanced Doctrine, High Morale.
HQ Command Radius 8 (Battalion and Regiment) 16 (Division)
HQ Rating: 5

Cross-attachments:
Battalions may exchange companies. Companies within a battalion may exchange platoons, or platoon(s) from one company in a battalion may be attached to other company(s) in the same battalion. Brigades may exchange or transfer battalions.

Unit Organization

Size codes: s=small, m=medium, l=large; p=platoon, c=company, b=battery

Battalions:


Armored Battalion: 4 Tank Companies (mc), 1 SP Mortar Battery (mb), 2 M3 Reconnaissance Platoons (sp)

Mechanized Infantry Battalion:
4 APC or IFV Companies (mc), 4 Mechanized Infantry Companies, 1M901  Antiarmor Company (mc), 1 SP Mortar Battery (mb), 2 M3 Reconnaissance Platoons (sp), 2 Scout Infantry Platoons (sp)

Light Infantry Battalion: 3 Infantry Companies, 1 81mm Mortar Battery mb [Humvee], 1 TOW Platoon (mp) [Humvee]

Airborne Infantry Battalion: 3 Infantry Companies, 1 81mm Mortar Battery mb [Humvee], 1 TOW Company (mc) [Humvee]

Artillery Battalion: 3 Batteries (lb)

Divisional Cavalry Squadron: 6 M3 Platoons (lp), 6 Scout Infantry Platoons (sp), 2 SP 107mm Mortar Batteries (sb), 2 AH-64 Attack Helicopter Platoons (mp), 4 Scout Helicopter Platoons (sp)

Armored Cavalry Squadron: 1 Tank Company (mc), 3 Cavalry Troops [2 Tank Platoons (mp), 2 M3 Platoons (mp)]

Air Cavalry Squadron: 2 Attack Helicopter Troops [2 Attack Helicopter Platoons (mp), 1 Scout Helicopter Platoon (mp)], 3 Air Cavalry Troops
[1 Attack Helicopter Platoon (mp), 2 Scout Helicopter Platoons (mp)], 2 Transport Helicopter Companies (lc)

Attack Helicopter Battalion: 3 Attack Helicopter Companies (mc), 3 Scout Helicopter Platoons (sp)

Divisional Air Defense Battalion: 4 Stinger SAM Platoons (mp) [Humvee], 9 M163 Vulcan Platoons (mp)

Brigades:
Each heavy division had 3 maneuver brigade headquarters, with semi-permanently assigned armored and mechanized battalions and a "brigade slice" of divisional assets.

Light or Airborne Infantry Brigade: 3 Light or Airborne Infantry Battalions, 1 TOW Company (lc) [Humvee]

Divisions:
Armored Division:
3 Brigade HQs, 6 Armored Battalions, 4 Mechanized Battalions, 1 Divisional Cavalry Squadron, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion, 3 155mm SP Artillery Battalions, 1 MLRS Battery [2 batteries (mb)], 1 Divisional Air Defense Battalion

Infantry Division (Mechanized):
3 Brigade HQs, 5 Armored Battalions, 5 Mechanized Battalions, 1 Divisional Cavalry Squadron, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion, 3 155mm SP Artillery Battalions, 1 MLRS Battery [2 batteries (mb)], 1 Divisional Air Defense Battalion

Infantry Division (Light): 3 Light Infantry Brigades, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion, 1 Air Cavalry Squadron, 3 105mm Howitzer Battalions [truck-towed], 1 155mm Howitzer Battery (lb) [truck-towed]

Infantry Division (Airborne): 3 Airborne Infantry Brigades, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion, 1 Air Cavalry Squadron, 3 105mm Howitzer Battalions [truck-towed]

Infantry Division (Air Assault: 3 Airborne Infantry Brigades, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion, 1 Air Cavalry Squadron, 2 Medium Transport Helicopter Battalions [4 UH-60 Blackhawk Companies (mc), 1 Heavy Transport Helicopter Battalion [4 CH-47 Chinook Companies (mc)], 3 105mm Howitzer Battalions [truck-towed]

Corps-Level Units:
Armored Cavalry Regiment: 3 Armored Cavalry Squadrons, 1 Air Cavalry Squadron, 1 Artillery Battalion

Artillery Brigade: up to 4 battalions, including up to two each 203mm SP and Lance rocket battalions.


Unit Data


HQ

Brigade or Division HQ.
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
8t
1
CC: 2
HW: 2 [6]
SA: 2
CC: 3
--
II


Main Battle Tanks


M1 Abrams Tank Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
10t
10**
M1 IP: 11**
G (a/a): 10

HE (a/a): M
HW: 2 [6]
--
TI

 M1A1 Tank Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
10t
12**
M1A1 HA: 13**
G (a/a): 12

HE (a/a): H
HW: 2 [6]
--
TI

 M60A3 Tank Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
6t
8
G (a/a): 10

HE (a/a): M
HW: 2 [6]
--
TI

IFVs and APCs

 M2A1 Bradley IFV Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
10t
6
G (g/g): 4
M (g): 14* [10]
HW: 4 [6]
--
TI. Transports infantry up to sc size.

M113 APC Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
8t
1
--
HW: 2 [6]
--
Transports infantry up to mc size.


Infantry

Mechanized Infantry Company (Bradley)
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
sc
2f
0*
CC: 4
M (g): 10* [4]
SA: 3
HW (lp): 2 [4]
CC: 4
--
 II

 Airborne, Light and M113-mechanized Infantry Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
2f
0*
CC: 4
M (g): 10* [4]
SA: 3
HW (lp): 2 [4]
CC: 4
--
II

Reconnaissance and Anti-Tank Stands

M3 Cavalry Fighting Vehicle Reconnaissance Platoon
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mp or lp
10t
6
G (g/g): 4
M (g): 14* [10]


HW: 4 [6] --
TI. Carries a Scout Infantry Platoon.

Scout Infantry Platoon
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
sp
2f
0*
CC: 4

SA: 3
CC: 4
--
II. Carried by M3 CFV.


M901 Improved TOW Vehicle (ITV) Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
8t
1
M (g): 14* [10]

--
--
TI

Humvee TOW Platoon/Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mp, mc, or lc
8w
0
M (g): 14* [10]

--
--
TI

Artilllery

M109 155mm SP Howitzer Battery
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
lb
6t
1
G (b/b): 10*

HE (b): H
HW: 2 [4]
HE: H [36]


M110 203mm SP Howitzer Battery
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
lb
6t
0
G (b/b): 10*

HE (b): VH
HE: VH [40]



M198 155mm Towed Howitzer Battery
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
lb
8lw
0/-2
G (g/b): 10*

HE (b): H

HE: H [48]

MLRS Rocket Launcher Battery
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mb
6t
1
--

HE (b): H

HE: H [60] (0)
ICM

107mm SP Mortar Battery
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mb
8t
1
--

HE (b): M

HE: H [14]


81mm Mortar Battery, Humvee
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mb
8w
0 (when deployed); -2 (when moving)
--
--
HE: L [8]
--


Air Defense


 M168 Vulcan Battery
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
sp
8t
1
G (g/g): 1

HW: 5 [6]

-- AA Gun (g/g): 5 [6]


Helicopters

AH-1 Cobra Anti-tank Helicopter Platoon or Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mp or mc
H
1/2
M (g): 14* [10]
HW: 2 [6]
HE: L [6]
--
II

AH-64 Apache Anti-tank Helicopter Platoon or Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mp or mc
H
2/2
M (a): 16* [14]
HW: 4 [6]
HE: L [6]
--
TI


UH-1 Transport Helicopter Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
H
0/1
--
--
--
Lift: troops x1 own size

UH-60 Blackhawk Transport Helicopter Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
H
0/2
--
--
--
Lift: troops x1.5 own size


CH-47 Transport Helicopter Company
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mc
H
0/2
--
--
--
Lift: troops x3 size, light vehicles  x1 size

Aircraft

 A-10 Thunderbolt Attack Aircraft Flight
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mp
A
2/2
G: 6

HW: 4
HE: VH (+1)


 F-16 Fighter-Bomber Flight
Size
Move
Protection
AT
AP
Indirect
Special
mp
A
0/2
G: 3

HW: 2
HE: VH (+1)



Mike J.
=
====
The J-8 Shop
Wargame Rules, Variants, and Orders of Battle
http://www.geocities.com/pmj6/

“War is a series of catastrophes which result in victory.”
Georges Clemenceau



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