GROUND UNITS, WARSAW PACT AND NATO, CENTRAL FRONT, 1980s
Unit Database for Boots, Tracks, and Rotors and Emcon C

Changes: August 2004: Introduced new fire support and air defense values.
September 18, 2003: increased Soviet Category I division Armor and AT Highest ratings to VI; modified British Infantry Division, Airborne Brigade, and Commando Brigade; reduced Troop Quality of the Danish Jutland Division.

NATO

Belgium

Belgian Armored Brigade
Two armored battalions, two mechanized battalions, artillery and support units. Regular, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 4 (2) III/IV (IV/V) 1 (4) [1]
[2] 4/4 M 8

 

Belgian Mechanized Brigade
As Armored Brigade, but with only 1 armored, 2 mech battalions. Regular, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 3 (2) II/IV (III/V) 1 (4) [1]
[2] 4/4 M 8

 

Belgian Parachute Commando Regiment
3 Para Commando Companies, 1 armored recon company, artillery battery, support units. Elite, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
1 2 (2L)
0*/II (I/V*) [2] [2] 2/1 F 8

 

Belgian Corps Armored Reconnaissance Regiment
4 troops armed with Scimitar and Scorpion light tanks, and Striker Swingfire ATGM carriers. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
1 2 (0) II/II (II/VI*) [1] [2] 5/4 M 9

 

Belgian Corps Artillery Group
2 battalions of SP 155 howitzers, 2 battalions of towed 203mm howitzers. Regular, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 2 (4) + 2 (8)
-- 4/4 M --

 

Belgian IHAWK SAM Battalion
4 batteries, with a total of 24 firing units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- -- 4 (4)
5/4 M --

Canada
Canada's chief contribution to the Initiative of the Central Front was the 4th Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group.

Canadian Mechanized Brigade
Two mechanized infantry battalions, 1 tank battalion (Leopard 1), artillery battalion, support units. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 5 (3) II/IV (III/V or VI*) 1 (4) [2]
[2] 5/4 M 9

Denmark
Due to the short service terms of its draftees and heavy reliance on reservists, Denmark's Jutland division was perhaps NATO's weakest frontline division.

Danish Jutland Division
Three brigades, each with 1 armored battalion, 2 mechanized battalions, 1 motorized battalion, 1 artillery battalion. Regular/Trained, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 10 (7) I/IV (II/IV or VI*) 3 (4) [1]
[2]
4/4 M 7



France
France's policy of independent nuclear deterrence and maintaining out-of-area force projection capability left it with a two-tiered ground force. The top tier was represented by the professional Force d'Action Rapide (FAR) of airborne, airmobile, and light armored/mechanized divisions. The concentration of professional soldiers in the FAR was due to the French laws preventing draftees from serving overseas without parliamentary approval. Although FAR units would no doubt have seen action on the Central Front, the brunt of the fighting would have been by regular army formations, the draftee-manned (stiffened by a strong backbone of professional NCOs) armored, light armored, and motorized infantry divisions.  Doctrine-wise, the traumatic experience of 1940 has led the French army to adopt a doctrine of maneuver which would have served the French forces well in the event of any clash with the ponderous Soviet forces. French forces would have likely performed well in the first several weeks of high-intensity combat. However, the French army lacked the depth to sustain a lengthy campaign vs. the Soviet Army. Due to France's inability to match USSR's masses of divisions, French army divisions intended mainly as a nuclear tripwire force. Moreover, the financial requirements of the nuclear deterrent and force projection capability have left the regular army units underfunded, and as a result modern equipment was concentrated mainly in the forward-deployed forces in Germany. Second-line and reserve forces suffered from considerably lower levels of readiness.

 French Armored Division (Division Blindee), forward-deployed, 1980s
Three armored regiments with AMX-30B2 tanks, two mechanized infantry regiments with AMX-10P IFVs, one motorized infantry regiment with VAB APCs, two 155mm SP artillery regiments, anti-tank and reconnaissance units. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
3 10 (4) III/IV (IV/V or VI*) 3 (5) [2]
[2] 5/4M 9

 

French Motorized Infantry Division (Division d'Infanterie Motorisee), forward-deployed, 1980s
One light armored regiment with AMX-10RC armored cars, three motorized infantry regiments with VAB APCs, one 155mm towed artillery regiment, reconnaissance and anti-tank subunits. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 8 (7) I/II (II/IV or VI*) 1 (4t) [3]
[2]
5/4M 9

 

French Light Armored Division (Division Blindee Legere), forward-deployed, 1980s
Two light armored regiment with AMX-10RC armored cars, two motorized infantry regiments with VAB APCs, one 155mm towed artillery regiment, reconnaissance and anti-tank subunits. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 8 (5) I/II (III/IV or VI*) 1 (4t) [3]
[2] 5/4M 9

 

French Parachute Division (Division Parachutiste), FAR, 1980s
7 parachute infantry regiments, one light armored regiment (ERC-90), artillery regiment, reconnaissance and anti-tank subunits. Half Elite, half Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
4 16 (14L) 0/I (II*/III or V*) 1 (4t) [3]
[2] 2/1F (5/4M if motorized) 7

 

French Airmobile Division (Division  Aeromobile), FAR, 1980s
3 combat helicopter regiments, one motorized infantry regiment, support units. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
1 7 (2L) (VI*/VI*) [2] [1]
5/4M (8A) 10

 

French Corps-level Reconnaissance Regiment, 1980s
Four squadrons of AMX-10RC armored cars, infantry and AT subunits. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
1 2 (0) II/II (III/III or V/V*) [1] --
5/4M 9

 

French Combat Helicopter Regiment, 1980s
Three Gazelle squadrons with HOT ATGMs, two Gazelle squadrons with 20mm cannon.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- 2 (0) (VI*/VI*) -- -- 5/4M (6A) 10

 

French Corps Artillery Brigade, forward-deployed, 1980s
Two AUF-1 GCT 155mm SP howitzer regiments.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 3 (5}
-- 5/4M --

 

French Corps IHAWK SAM Battalion
4 batteries, with a total of 24 firing units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- -- 4 (4)
5/4 M --


Germany
Bundeswehr's 12 Panzer and Panzergrenadier divisions would have represented a serious battlefield challenge to Soviet forces. Thanks to the combination of doctrine emphasizing bold battlefield maneuver, a highly competent officer and NCO cadre, and modern equipment, German divisions were formidable units that were individually superior to their Soviet counterparts. In addition, the Bundeswehr could rely on a large number of well trained and equipped Heimatschutz (Homeland Defense) brigades and a larger number of territorial regiments, battalions, and companies. These forces, trained to fight in urban and close terrain prevalent in large parts of Germany, were capable of significantly slowing down the AFV-heavy Soviet units and thus freeing Panzer and Panzergrenadier units for offensive counterstrokes. The large pool of trained reservists meant the Bundeswehr was reasonably well prepared for an extended conventional campaign.
 

Bundeswehr Panzer Division, late 1980s
2 Panzer and 1 Panzergrenadier brigades, with a total of 5 tank battalions (mostly Leopard 2, with some Leopard 1), 4 Panzergrenadier battalions with Marder IFVs, 1-2 Jaeger battalion(s), 1 Reconnaissance battalion with 30 MBTs, 3 M109 SP 155mm battalions, 2 towed 155mm battalions, 1 MRL battalion. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size: Strength Armor  Fire Support Air Defense Mobility  Doctrine
5 19 (9) IV/VIs (V/VI) 6 (4) [2]
[3] 5/4 M 9

 

Bundeswehr Panzergrenadier Division, late 1980s
As Panzer Division, but with proportion of Panzer and Panzergrenadier battalions and brigades reversed. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 19 (11) IV/VIs (V/VI) 6 (4) [2]
[3] 5/4 M 9

 

Bundeswehr Panzer Division, early 1980s
2 Panzer and 1 Panzergrenadier brigades, with a total of 5 Leopard 1 (with some Leopard 2) battalions, 4 Panzergrenadier battalions with Marder IFVs, 1 Jaeger battalion, 1 Reconnaissance battalion with 30 MBTs, 3 M109 SP 155mm battalions, 2 towed 155mm battalions, 1 MRL battalion. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size: Strength Armor  Fire Support Air Defense Mobility  Doctrine
5 19 (9) III/VIs (IV/VI) 6 (4) [2]
[3] 5/4 M 9

 

Bundeswehr Panzergrenadier Division, early 1980s
As Panzer Division, but with proportion of Panzer and Panzergrenadier battalions and brigades reversed. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 19 (11) III/VIs (IV/VI) 6 (4) [2] [3] 5/4 M 9

 

Bundeswehr Fallschirmjaeger Brigade (reinforced), 1980s
Two airborne battalions, two anti-tank battalions. Stats include Corps-level helicopter attack and transport helicopter assets (incl. 70 PAH-1 AT).  Elite (helicopters Veteran), Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
1 6 (4L) (V*/VI*) [2] [1] 5/4 M (8A) 11

 

Bundeswehr Corps Artillery Brigade
2 battalions of SP M110 203mm howitzers.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 2 (8*)
-- 5/4 M --

 

Bundeswehr Heimatschutz Brigade
2 tank battalions with Leopard I or M48A2GA2 tanks, 2 motorized Jaeger battalions, 1 towed 105mm artillery battalion, support units. Regular, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 3 (2) I/IV (II/IV or V*) 1 (2) [2]
[1] 4/4 M 8

 

Bundeswehr Heimatschutz Regiment
3 motorized Jaeger battalions. Trained, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 2 (2) 0/0 (I*/IV*) [2] [1] 4 5

 

Luftwaffe IHAWK SAM Battalion
4 batteries, with a total of 24 firing units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- -- 4 (4)
5/4 M --



Great Britain
The highly professional British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) constituted one of the key components of NATO's land defenses. During the 1980s British forces began to receive Challenger MBTs and Warrior IFVs, which significantly improved the combat power of their formations and increased their margin of qualitative superiority over Soviet forces.
 

British Armored Division, BAOR, 1980s
Three brigades, for a total of 5 armored regiments, 4 mechanized battalions, helicopter regiment, 3 155mm SP howitzer battalions. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 16 (6) IIIs/VIs (IV/VI) 3 (4) [2]
[2] 5/4 M 9/10

 

British Infantry Division, BAOR (wartime organization), 1980s
3 infantry brigades, 1 airmobile brigade (with a total of 3 mechanized infantry and 14 infantry battalions), 2 armored reconnaissance regiments, support units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
7 27 (22L) 0/II (IV*/VI*) 4 (3) [2]
[1] 5/4 M 8

 

British Royal Marine Commando Brigade
Three reinforced Commando Battalions, artillery battalion, support units. Elite, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 6 (6L) (II/V*) 1 (4) [2]
[1] 2/1 F 8

 

British Parachute Brigade
Four Parachute Battalions, 1 artillery battalion, 1 armored recon troop. Elite, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 6 (6L) 0/II (II*/II or V*) 1 (4) [2] [1] 2/1 F 8/9

 

British Artillery Division
Three regiments of SP 175mm guns and SP 203mm howitzers. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 3 (8*)
-- 5/4 M --



Netherlands

 

Dutch Marine Amphibious Group
4 Marine companies, supporting units. Elite, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
1 3 (3L) (0*/VI*) [1] -- 2/1 F (5/4 M if motorized) 8

 

Dutch Armored Brigade (forward-deployed)
2 armored battalions, 1 mechanized battalion, 1 artillery battalion, supporting units. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 5 (1) III/IV (IV/IV or VI*) 1 (4) [1]
[2] 5/4 M 9

 

Dutch Mechanized Brigade
2 mechanized battalions, 1 armored battalion, 1 artillery battalion, supporting units. Regular, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 3 (2) III/IV (IV/IV or VI*) 1 (4) [1]
[2] 4/4 M 8

 

Dutch Corps Armored Recon Regiment
A total of 20 tanks, 48 M113C&R (25mm cannon), infantry subunits. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
1 3 (1) III/IV [1] --
5/4 M 9

 

Dutch Corps Artillery Group
2 M110 203mm SP howitzer battalions, 1 M107 175mm SP cannon battalion, 1 M109 SP howitzer battalion. Regular, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 4 (8)
-- 4/4 M --

 

Dutch Infantry Brigade (Mobilization)
3 infantry battalions, 1 M101 105mm towed howitzer battalion. Trained, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
2 2 (2) (0/0*) 1 (2) [1]
 -- 4/4 M 5



United States
The US Army of the 1980s has definitively overcome the post-Vietnam malaise and fielded formidable, well-equipped and modern units animated by the new Air-Land Battle doctrine that offered a promise of effectively countering the superior numbers of men and materiel at the disposal of the Warsaw Pact. The highly effective performance of US divisions against the Iraqi army in the Operation Desert Storm suggests the USAREUR would have been an extremely dangerous foe for the Soviet Army.

 

US Army Armored Division, 1980s
6 Armored Battalions (M1A1 Abrams), 4 Mechanized Infantry Battalions (Bradley), artillery, armored cavalry, attack helicopter, and support units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 22 (7) V/VIs  4 (4) + 1 (9)
[2] 5/4 M 9/10

 

US Army Infantry Division (Mechanized), 1980s
5 Armored Battalions (M1A1 Abrams), 5 Mechanized Infantry Battalions (M2 Bradley); artillery, armored cavalry, attack helicopter, and support units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 22 (9) IV/VIs (V/VI)  4 (4) + 1 (9) [2]
[2] 5/4 M 9/10

 

US Army Infantry Division (Light)
9 light infantry battalions, artillery, helicopter, and support units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
4 12 (12L) (II*/VI*)  4 (4) + 1 (9) [1] 2/1 F (5/4 M if motorized) 7/10

 

US Army Infantry Division (Airmobile)
As ID(L), but with more ATGMs, and Agility and transport helicopters. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
4 14 (12L) (V*/VI*)  4 (4) + 1 (9) [1]
2/1 F (5/4 M if motorized) 8A 10

 

US Army Infantry Division (Airborne)
As ID(L), but with greater ATGM allowance and a M551 Sheridan light tank battalion. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
4 12 (12L) 0*/II (V*/VI*)  4 (4) + 1 (9) [1] 2/1 F (5/4 M if motorized) 7/10

 

US Marine Corps Division, 1980s
3 Marine Regiments, 1 Tank Battalion, 2 Attack Helicopter Squadrons, Transport helicopter squadrons. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 18 (14L) I/IV (IV*/VI* or IV) 3 (4) + 1 (8) [2]
[2] 5/4 M 9/10 (10 with airwing helos)

 

US Army Armored Cavalry Regiment
3 Armored Cavalry Troops, artillery battalion, air cavalry battalion, support units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
3 9 (1) IV/VIs 1 (4) [2]
[2] 5/4 M 9/10

 

US Army Artillery Brigade
3 M109 SP 155mm howitzer battalions. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 4 (4)
-- 5/4 M --

 

US Army MLRS Battalion
Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 1 (9)
-- 5/4 M --

 

US Army IHAWK SAM Battalion
4 batteries, with a total of 24 firing units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- -- 4 (4)
5/4 M --

 

US Army Patriot SAM Battalion
4 batteries, with a total of 24 firing units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- -- 4 (6)
5/4 M --

WARSAW PACT



Czechoslovakia
The actual combat usefulness of the Czechoslovak military to the Soviets in the event of a war against NATO would have likely been limited by lingering animosities after the 1968 invasion to suppress the "Prague Spring," budding pro-democracy movements, and insufficient provision of modern equipment.

Czechoslovak Armored Division, 1980s
3 armored regiments, 1 mechanized regiment, 1 artillery regiment, supporting units. T-72 and T-55 MBTs, BMP-1 IFVs, OT-64 SKOT APCs, Dana SP 152mm and 2S1 122mm howitzers. Trained, Tech Level 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 8 (3) III/V (IV/V) 6 (2) [2] [4] 4/3 M 7

 

Czechoslovak Mechanized Division,  1980s
As tank division, but with 3 mechanized regiments, 1 armored regiment
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 8 (5) II/V (IV/V*) 6 (2) [2] [4] 4/3 M 7



E. Germany
The Nationale Volksarmee (NVA) probably was the most reliable satellite army, although its reliability was by no means absolutely guaranteed. The rapid collapse of the GDR and overwhelming pro-reunification sentiment suggest its population (and, by extension, its army) might have shown limited support for any war against NATO.
 

NVA Armor Division, 1980s
Three tank regiments, 1 motor rifle regiment, 1 artillery regiment, supporting units. A mix of T-72 and T-55 tanks, MBTs, BMP-1 IFVs, BTR-70 APCs, SP and towed 152mm and 122mm howitzers. Regular, Tech Level 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 12 (5) III/V (IV/V) 6 (3) [2] [4]
4/4 M 8

 

NVA Mechanized Division,  1980s
As tank division, but with 3 MRRs, 1 TR.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 12 (8) II/V (IV/V*) 6 (3) [2] [4] 4/4 M 8


Poland
The largest non-Soviet army of the Warsaw Pact was all but crippled in the 1980s due to the severe economic crisis that befell the Polish economy in the late 1970s and lasted through the decade, and the use of the military to suppress the Solidarity-centered pro-independence and democracy movement. As a result of economic hardships and the complete loss of legitimacy by the Polish communist government, the Polish military was no longer a credible component of the Warsaw Pact offensive strength, with possible exception of its elite units.

Polish Armored Division, 1980s
3 armored regiments, 1 mechanized regiment, 1 artillery regiment, supporting units. T-72 and T-55 MBTs, BMP-1 IFVs, OT-64 SKOT APCs, Dana SP 152mm and 2S1 122mm howitzers. Trained, Tech Level 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 8 (3) III/V (IV/V) 6 (2) [2] [4] 4/3 M 7

 

Polish Mechanized Division,  1980s
As tank division, but with 3 mechanized regiments, 1 armored regiment. Trained, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 8 (5) II/V (IV/V*) 6 (2) [2] [4] 4/3 M 7

 

Polish Airborne Brigade,  1980s
3 airborne battalions, artillery battery, supporting units. Veteran, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
1 3 (3L) (III/V*) [2] [1] 2/1 F 7



USSR

The Soviet military machine in the 1980s reflected the systemic problems of the Soviet state that was rapidly nearing its extinction. Soviet divisions, although individually outwardly impressive and collectively seemingly overwhelming, suffered from a number of problems that severely limited their combat power in comparison with their NATO equivalents. Small unit tactics were unsophisticated, with battalions expected to advance deployed in WW2-style highly vulnerable skirmish lines into the teeth of NATO firepower. Even though forward-deployed divisions in the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (GSFG) were highly drilled, they were merely very good at executing fundamentally flawed tactics. Compounding the problem of troop quality was the pervasive corruption present at all levels of the Soviet military which did not spare even the high-readiness forward-deployed forces. Postings to the GSFG and other Groups of Forces were highly sought after due to the vastly better living conditions than in most Soviet garrisons, and means used to obtain such postings included employing political connections and outright bribery. Moreover, Soviet units lacked competent and experienced leadership at lower levels, particularly at the level of company and below. With no career NCOs to speak with and with many junior officers and sergeants, being little more than conscripts themselves, Soviet tactical units could not be relied upon to operate with skill on the battlefield. Although the Soviet military sought to reduce the vulnerability of its forces by increasing available artillery support, this effort did not result in fire support commensurate with the number of artillery tubes available to Soviet maneuver commanders due to command and control limitations and the "vertical" nature of Soviet artillery support which made it difficult to mass artillery fires in fluid tactical situations. The "elite" branches of the Soviet military were not immune from these problems, and their undoubted elan and high esprit de corps of these forces could not compensate for their tactical shortcomings. Furthermore, Soviet divisions have not evolved organizationally for several decades, apart from acquiring more and greater numbers of weapon systems and subunits. As a result, they have become unwieldy and lacking in combat agility. This problem was recognized by the Soviet military, which launched a reform effort replace the old "regiment-division-army" structure with a more flexible and agile "brigade-corps" one. However, this effort did not progress beyond the creation of up to two experimental corps (sometimes referred to as Operational Maneuver Groups). Therefore any war vs. NATO would have seen the Soviet Army still using its unwieldy and obsolescent organizational structure.
 

Soviet Tank Division, Category I, 1980s
Three tank regiments, 1 motor rifle regiment, 1 artillery regiment, supporting units. T-80BV/T-72B/T-64BV MBTs, BMP-1 and -2 IFVs, BTR-70 and -80 APCs, 2S1 and 2S3 SP howitzers. Regular, Tech Level 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 11 (5) III/Vs (IV/VI) 7 (3) [2] [5] 4/4 M 8

 

Soviet Motor Rifle Division, Category I, 1980s
As tank division, but with 3 MRRs, 1 TR.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 11 (8) II/Vs (IV/VI) 7 (3) [2] [5] 4/4 M 8

 

Soviet Tank Division, Category II, 1980s
Three tank regiments, 1 motor rifle regiment, 1 artillery regiment, supporting units. T-72 MBTs, BMP-1 IFVs, BTR-70 APCs, towed 152mm and 122mm howitzers. Trained, Tech Level 3 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 8 (3) III/V (IV/V) 6 (3) [2] [4] 4/3 M 6

 

Soviet Motor Rifle Division, Category II, 1980s
As tank division, but with 3 MRRs, 1 TR.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 8 (5) II/V (IV/V*) 6 (3) [2] [4] 4/3 M 6

 

Soviet Tank Division, Category III, 1980s
Three tank regiments, 1 motor rifle regiment, 1 artillery regiment, supporting units. T-55 and -62 MBTs, BTR-50 and -60 APCs, towed 152mm and 122mm howitzers. Green, Tech Level 2 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 5 (2) II/IV (III/IV*) 6 (2) [2]
[2] 3/3 M 4

 

Soviet Motor Rifle Division, Category III, 1980s
As tank division, but with 3 MRRs, 1 TR. Green, Tech 2 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
5 5 (3) I/IV (IV/IV*) 6 (2) [2] [2] 3/3 M 4

 

Soviet Airborne Division, 1980s
Three BMD-mechanized airborne regiments, artillery regiment, assault gun battalion, supporting units. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility  Doctrine
3 11 (6) II/III (V/V*) 2 (3) [1] [2] 5/4 M 9

 

Soviet Air Assault Brigade, 1980s
Two battalions of BMD-borne infantry, two battalions of light infantry, supporting units. Veteran, Tech 4 unit.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
1 5 (4) I/II (II/V*) [2] [1] 2/1 M (8A) 10

 

Soviet Artillery Division, Category I, 1980s
1 SP howitzer brigade (2S3), 1 SP cannon brigade (2S5), 1 MRL brigade (BM-27), 1 mixed 240mm mortar (2S4) and 203mm cannon (2S7) brigade. Regular, Tech 4 unit. Special Rule: Fire Support halved in Hasty postures.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 8 (4) + 8 (8)
-- 4/4 M --

 

Soviet Army-level Artillery Brigade, Category I, 1980s
Up to 5 battalions of self-propelled 152mm howitzers or guns. Regular, Tech 4
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 6 (4)
-- 4/4 M --

 

Soviet Army-level Multiple Rocket Launcher Regiment (Category I)
Three battalions of BM-22 MRLs. Regular, Tech 4
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- 3 (8)
-- 4/4 M --

 

Soviet Army-level Attack Helicopter Regiment (Category I)
4 helicopter squadrons with total of 64 Mi-24 'Hind-D' attack helicopters. Regular, Tech 4.
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- 1 (0) I/I (V*/V*) -- -- 4/4 M (6A) 9

 

Soviet Army-level SA-4 'Ganef' SAM Brigade (Category I)
3 battalions, for a total of 9 batteries and 27 SA-4 launch vehicles. Regular, Tech 3
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- -- 9 (3)
4/4 M --

 

Soviet Army-level SA-10 'Grumble' SAM Brigade (Category I)
3 battalions, for a total of 9 batteries and 27 SA-4 launch vehicles. Regular, Tech 4
Size Strength Armor Fire Support Air Defense Mobility Doctrine
-- -- -- -- 9 (5)
4/4 M --


Mike J.
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