Das deutsche Alphabet: Aussprache

	A  ah	Anton			N  enn	Nordpol
	B  bay	Berta			O  oh	Otto
	C  tsay	Caesar			P  pay	Paula
	D  day	Dora			Q  koo	Quelle
	E  ay	Emil			R  err	Richard
	F  eff	Friedrich		S  ess	Samuel
	G  gay	Gustav			T  tay	Theodor
	H  hah	Heinrich			U  oo	Ulrich
	 I  ee	Ida			V  fow	Viktor
	J  yot	Julius			W  vay	Wilhelm
	K  kah	Kaufmann		X  ix	Xanthippe
	L  ell	Ludwig			Y  ipsilon Ypsilon
	M emm	Martha			Z  tset	Zacharias

ä [Ärger] 	long as in cape:  spät, schläft, Mädchen

ö [Ökonom]	round the lips and say "oy":  Öl, schön, hören

ü [Übermut]	round the lips and say "oe":  für, grün, fünf

ai like ai in aisle: Mai au like ow in how: Auto, Haus, Frau, kauft ei like ei in height: Eis, ein, heiss, nein ie like ie in recieve: anbieten, wieder, Dieter eu like oi in oil: Freund, Deutsch, heute, neun (also same as äu, as in Häuser) kn, pf both letters are pronounced: Knabe, Knie, Pferd, Pfennig ph like f: Photo, Physik qu like kv: Quelle, Quartier sp like shp at the beginning of a syllable: Sport, spielen st like sht at the beginning of a syllable: Stock, stehen th h is silent as in Thomas: Theater, Rothenburg b like p at the end of a word: Dieb d like t at the end of a word or syllable: Kind, Wind g always pronounced hard as in go: gehen, Geld s like z in zone before a vowel: See, sehen
A vowel is long in German 1) when it is doubled (das Haar); 2) when it comes before h (der Sohn); 3) when an ie dipthong (wieder); and 4) before a single consonant that is followed by another vowel (eben). A vowel is short 1) when it comes before two or more consonants (besser); 2) in the endings -el, -er, and -en (der Finger); 3) in prefixes such as be-, ge-, ver-, and zer- (beschreiben); and 4) the letter e at the end of the word (die Katze)

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