Under the Local Government (Scotland) Act, 1889 many changes were made in the county boundaries, detached portions of Nairn, Perth, Selkirk & etc. being annexed to the counties surrounding them; whilst Orkney and Shetland, united for parliamentary purposes, were separated.
Thus there were 33 counties after 1889:
Counties of Scotland until 1890
Roxburgh
Selkirk
Shetland
Stirling
Sutherland
Wigtown
Aberdeen
Argyll
Ayr
Banff
Berwick
Bute
Caithness
Clackmannan
Dumbarton
Kirkcudbright
Lanark
Linlithgow
Nairn
Orkney
Peebles
Perth
Renfrew
Ross and Cromarty
Dumfries
Edinburgh
Elgin
Fife
Forfar
Haddington
Inverness
Kincardine
Kinross
Counties of Scotland from 1890 to 1974
Like the period after 1889, there were 33 counties prior to 1974, although many had different names and boundaries from these earlier counties.
Selkirkshire
Shetland
Stirlingshire
Sutherland
West Lothian (Linlithgow in 1889)
Wigtownshire
Aberdeenshire
Angus
(Forfar in 1889)
Argyll
Ayrshire
Banffshire
Berwickshire
Bute
Caithness
Clackmannanshire
Mid-Lothian
(Edinburgh in 1889)

Moray (Elgin in 1889)
Nairn
Orkney
Peebleshire
Perthshire
Renfrewshire
Ross and Cromarty
Roxburghshire
Dumbartonshire
Dumfriesshire
East Lothian (Haddington in 1889)
Fife
Invernesshire
Kincardineshire
Kinrosshire
Kirkcudbrightshire
Lanarkshire
Counties of Scotland from 1974 to 1995
Tayside Region
(based in Dundee)
Angus District Council
Dundee District Council
Perth and Kinross District Council

Island Authorities

Orkney Islands Council
(based in Kirkwall)

Shetland Islands Council
(based in Lerwick)

Western Isles Council
(based in Stornoway)
Borders Region
(based in Newton St. Boswells)
Berwickshire District Council
Ettrick and Lauderdale District Council Roxburgh District Council
Tweeddale District Council

Central Region
(based in Stirling)
Clackmannan District Council
Falkirk District Council
Stirling District Council

Dumfries and Galloway Region
(based in Dumfries)
Annandale and Eskdale District Council
Nithsdale District Council
Stewartry District Council
Wigtown District Council

Fife Region
(based in Glenrothes)
Dunfermline District Council
Kirkcaldy District Council
North-East Fife District Council

Grampian Region
(based in Aberdeen)
Aberdeen District Council
Banff and Buchan District Council
Gordon District Council
Kincardine and Deeside District Council
Moray District Council
Highland Region
(based in Inverness)
Badenoch and Strathspey District Council
Caithness District Council
Inverness District Council
Lochaber District Council
Nairn District Council
Ross and Cromarty District Council
Skye and Lochalsh District Council
Sutherland District Council

Lothian Region
(based in Edinburgh)
East Lothian District Council
Edinburgh District Council
Midlothian District Council
West Lothian District Council

Strathclyde Region
(based in Glasgow)
Argyll and Bute District Council
Bearsden and Milngavie District Council
Clydebank District Council
Clydesdale District Council
Cumbernauld and Kilsyth District Council
Cumnock and Doone Valley District Council
Cunninghame District Council
Dumbarton District Council
East Kilbride District Council
Eastwood District Council
Glasgow District Council
Hamilton District Council
Inverclyde District Council
Kilmarnock and Loudoun District Council
Kyle and Carrick District Council
Monklands District Council
Motherwell District Council
Renfrew District Council
Strathkelvin District Council
Following the Local Government (Scotland) Act, 1974 a two-tier system of local authorities was enacted, which operated until 1995. There were 9 Regional Authorities (broken down into 53 District Councils) and 3 unitary Island Councils.
In both cases, a body of councillors, who are elected every four years, ran these local government institutions.

Each Regional Council is listed with each of its component District Councils.
Counties of Scotland from 1996
The regions and districts were abolished on April 1, 1996 and replaced with the current unitary council areas of Scotland. In 1996 some regions became unitary council areas. Various regions were broken up into many council areas and various districts became unitary council areas.
In addition to the regions and districts, there were three island council areas, covering Shetland, Orkney, and the Western Isles (Outer Hebrides). These areas may be seen as regions consisting of just one district and, in retrospect, as early examples of Scottish unitary council areas.
Tayside Region
(based in Dundee)
Angus District Council
Dundee District Council
Perth and Kinross District Council

Island Authorities

Orkney Islands Council
(based in Kirkwall)

Shetland Islands Council
(based in Lerwick)

Western Isles Council
(based in Stornoway)
Borders Region
(based in Newton St. Boswells)
Berwickshire District Council
Ettrick and Lauderdale District Council Roxburgh District Council
Tweeddale District Council

Central Region
(based in Stirling)
Clackmannan District Council
Falkirk District Council
Stirling District Council

Dumfries and Galloway Region
(based in Dumfries)
Annandale and Eskdale District Council
Nithsdale District Council
Stewartry District Council
Wigtown District Council

Fife Region
(based in Glenrothes)
Dunfermline District Council
Kirkcaldy District Council
North-East Fife District Council

Grampian Region
(based in Aberdeen)
Aberdeen District Council
Banff and Buchan District Council
Gordon District Council
Kincardine and Deeside District Council
Moray District Council
Highland Region
(based in Inverness)
Badenoch and Strathspey District Council
Caithness District Council
Inverness District Council
Lochaber District Council
Nairn District Council
Ross and Cromarty District Council
Skye and Lochalsh District Council
Sutherland District Council

Lothian Region
(based in Edinburgh)
East Lothian District Council
Edinburgh District Council
Midlothian District Council
West Lothian District Council

Strathclyde Region
(based in Glasgow)
Argyll District Council
Bearsden and Milngavie District Council
Clydebank District Council
Clydesdale District Council
Cumbernauld and Kilsyth District Council
Cumnock and Doone Valley District Council
Cunninghame District Council
Dumbarton District Council
East Kilbride District Council
Eastwood District Council
Glasgow District Council
Hamilton District Council
Inverclyde District Council
Kilmarnock and Loudoun District Council
Kyle and Carrick District Council
Monklands District Council
Motherwell District Council
Renfrew District Council
Strathkelvin District Council
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