Flowers & Their Meanings

flower wreath

In the 1600's, a language of flowers developed in Constantinople and in the poetry of Persia. Charles II introduced the Persian poetry to Europe, and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu brought the flower language from Turkey to England in 1716. It spread to France and became a handbook of 800 floral messages known as the Book Le Langage des Fleurs. Lovers exchanged messages as they gave each other selected flowers or bouquets. A full red rose meant beauty. Red and white mean unity. Crocus said "abuse not", while a white rosebud warns that one is too young for love. Yellow roses were for jealousy, yellow iris for passion, filbert for reconciliation and ivy for marriage. The message would grow in complexity with combinations. A full rose placed over two buds meant secrecy. Remove the thorns from a rosebud and you say "I fear no longer." Remove the leaves also and your message becomes "There is nothing to hope or fear." Want to say "Your unconscious sweetness has fascinated me"? Then offer a Lilly of the Valley and Ferns.


Traditional Meaning


Talisman of love


A fanciful nature

Carnation, red:


Carnation, white:

Pure and ardent love

Chrysanthemum, red:

I love you

Chrysanthemum, white:





Innocence, gentleness


True love

Globe amaranth:

Unfading love


Delicate beauty

Jasmine, white:


Jasmine, yellow:



An open heart


Thoughtful recollection


Young love

Rose, pink:

Perfect happiness

Rose, white:

Charm and innocence

Rose, red:

Love and desire

Rose, white and red:



Beauty and youth


Dangerous pleasure


You are the perfect lover


May you get your wish


Modesty and simplicity


Happy Valentine's Day home

A brief history of this holiday.

Flowers & Their Meanings

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Give Me Your Heart

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My Funny Valentine

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Be My Valentine

Most of us will buy valentines to send to our loved ones this year. How did that all get started? What is the hsitory behind that?

Looking for Love?

Take heart! The numbers are in your favor.

He Loves Me, He Loves Me Not

Why wait for marriage? What does God have to say about this issue? Recommended books for single Christians and parents of teenagers.

Astronomy for FamiliesClassical Music for FamiliesMy Home Page


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Updated Jan. 4, 2003


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