Euro notes and coins were introduced on 1 January 2002.
The symbol for the euro is
There is 100 cent to the euro.
The eleven European Union (EU) Member States that joined the euro from the beginning are Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal and Spain, (Greece joined the euro on 1 January 2001).
There are eight euro coins: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent and 1 and 2. The design on one side of each coin (the side that shows the value) is common to the coins of all the countries of the euro area. The common side shows a map of the EU in different forms with a dynamic background composed of lines and stars. The common side on the three lowest-value coins (1, 2 and 5 cent) places Europe in the world. The common side on the 10, 20 and 50 cent coins symbolises the EU as a group of nations. The common side on the 1 and 2 coins shows a Europe without frontiers.
The other side of the coins shows the twelve stars of the EU flag and the year of issue, plus a design (or designs) reflecting the country in which the coins were produced. For example, the Irish design consists of the harp and the word Eire. This national design appears on all denominations of euro coins produced in Ireland. The common sides of the euro coins and the national sides of the euro coins produced in each of the twelve participating Countries, (Plus 3 additional countries who have adopted the Euro as their own currency: Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican), are shown on this website.
The 1, 2 and 5 cent coins are reddish bronze in colour, the 10, 20 and 50 cent coins yellow, the 1 coin yellow on the outside with a silver-coloured centre, and the 2 coin silver-coloured on the outside with a yellow centre.
Euro coins (regardless of the national designs) and euro notes are useable in all the countries of the euro area.
If you would like more information about other places where the Euro is in use then please view the website: Where can I use my Euro currency?