This study for high school-aged students uses Dorothy Mills' Renaissance and Reformation Times as the central text. Internet supplements are available as links. A list of books which complement this study are available also.

Renaissance and Reformation Times
Dorothy Mills

You are listening to Sing Joyfully by William Byrd, 1543-1623.
Midi sequenced by D. C. Hayes.

Please choose the chapter you would like to read. Use your "Back" button to return to the chapter listing.
I: The Spirit of the Renaissance
II: The Renaissance in Italy
III: The Empire
IV: Spain. 1492 - 1598
V: France of the Renaissance
VI: Early Tudor England
VII: The Renaissance in the North
VIII: Renaissance Education
IX: The Renaissance & the Discoveries of Science
X: The Age of Discovery
XI: Europe on the Eve of the Reformation
XII: The Reformation in Germany: Martin Luther
XIII: Reformers in Switzerland & France
XIV: The Reformation in England
XV: John Knox & the Church of Scotland
XVI: The Bible in English
XVII: The Wars of Religion
XVIII: The Counter-Reformation
XIX: Economic Changes in the Sixteenth Century
XX: Elizabethan England

Chapter I: The Spirit of the Renaissance

Vocabulary:corporate, papal,sordid, temporal, wholly
Read entire chapter.
Prester John
Prester John from Medieval Sourcebook

Chapter II: The Renaissance in Italy

Vocabulary: austere, bull (n.; not the animal), courtier, maritime, materialism, opportunist, quay, seditions, vernacular, wholly

1. The Italian City State

Read pages 10, 11.
Map of Italian City-States
Statue of Francesco Sforza

2. Florence
i. Government          ii. Lorenzo de’ Medici

Read pages 12 - 18.
Procession of the Magi This is one of three frescoed panels portraying Lorenzo de’Medici and others as Magi, or followers of Christ.
Lorenzo de’Medici: Paternal Advice to a Cardinal
Villa of Poggio a Caiano
iii. Florentine Society

Read pages 18 - 22.
The Book of the Courtyer by Castiglione: “A Breef Rehersall of the Chiefe Conditions and Qualities in a Courtier”, “Of the Chief Conditions and Qualutyes in a Waytyng Gentylewoman”

iv. The Writers

Read pages 22 - 25 (1/2 of page): Petrarch, Boccaccio, and Pico della Mirandola
Petrarch’s Secret
Petrarch: Letters, c 1372: "To Posterity"
The Black Death: Bubonic Plague
Francesco Petrarca: Humanism and the Plague
Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista. St. Thecla Liberating the City of Este from the Plague
The Death, Introduction to Boccaccio’s Decameron
Pico della Mirandola: Oration on the Dignity of Man


Read p. 25 - 29.

v. The Artists and Builders

Vocabulary: fresco, tempera
Read p. 29 - 43
Supplement Text: Chapter VI: The Artist Paints for the People from The Story of Art: The Lives & Times of the Great Masters
Fra Angelico
Fra Fillipo Lippi
The Duomo

vi. The Reformer: Savonarola

Read p. 43 - 48.
Portrait of Savonarola
“A Sermon on the Lord’s Prayer.”

2. Venice and Her Painters

Read p. 48 - 51
Giovanni Bellini
Gentile Bellini
Vittore Carpaccio

4. Renaissance Rome
i. The Popes

Read p. 51 - 55.
Pope Nicholas V and the Vatican Library
Rome:The City Reborn
Sixtus IV
Historical Overview of the Inquisition
Portrait of Pope Alexander VI
The Borgias: The First Crime Family
Leo X:Condemning the Errors of Martin Luther

ii. Architects and Artists in Rome

Read p. 55 - 60

Chapter III: The Empire

Vocabulary: oligarchy, repudiate, prestige

1. Maximilian. 1493 - 1519

Read p. 61 - 64
Origins of the Holy Roman Empire

2. Charles V. 1519 - 1556

Read p. 64 - 75.

Chapter IV: Spain. 1492 - 1598

Vocabulary: sagacity, turbulent, jurisdiction, fortitude, gravity (adj.), parsimonious, dilatory, immutable, phlegmatic, autocratic, uniformity

1. Ferdinand and Isabella

Read p. 76 - 81.

2. Philip II. 1556 - 1598

Read p. 82 - 88.

3. Spanish Civilization

Read p. 88 - 90.
Muslim Spain and European Culture
Miguel de Cervantes
Diego Velazque

Chapter V: France of the Renaissance
1. The Growth of the French Monarchy

Vocabulary: reparation, dissimulation, vindictive, conciliate, insatiable, whet, ignoble, wont, consolidate, vindictive, taciturn, virulent
Timeline: Hundred Years' War
Causes of the Hundred Years' War
Read p. 91 - 93
Charles VII
Jacques Coeur’s Palace
Portrait of Louis XI, written by Philippe de Commynes

2. French Kings and the Italian Wars
i. Charles VIII. 1485 - 1498

Read p. 94 - 97
Anne of Brittany

ii. Louis XII. 1498 - 1515

Read p. 97 - 98
Louis XII
Wedding Portrait of Louis XII and Mary Tudor
Mary Tudor: Love Story with Charles Brandon

iii. Francis I. 1515 - 1547

Read p. 99 - 103
Francis I
Fontainebleau, favorite home of Francis I

iv. Henry II. 1547 - 1559

Read p. 103 - 105.
Jean Duvet: Henry II between France and Fame

3. The Court of France in the Sixteenth Century

Read p. 105 - 107.
Catherine de Medici and The Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day

4. French Architecture and Sculpture

Read p. 107 - 108.
The Louvre
Tuileries Palace
Jean Goujon

5. The Writers

Read 108 - 112.
Portrait of Guillaume Bude
Sonnets of Joachim du Bellay
Michel de Montaigne

Chapter VI. Early Tudor England. 1485 - 1558

Vocabulary: avaricious, alienate

1. The Foundation of the Tudor Monarchy

Read p. 113 - 116.

2. Henry VIII. 1509 - 1547

Read p. 116 - 124.
The Poetry of Henry VIII
The Wives of Henry VIII
Letters to Henry VIII from his Wives

3. Economic Troubles under Edward VI.

Read p. 124 - 127.

4. The Five Years of Mary Tudor

Read p. 127 - 130.
Lady Jane Grey
John Dudley
Portrait of Philip II

Chapter VII: The Renaissance in the North

Vocabulary: dispensation, vernacular

1. The Printers of the Renaissance

Read p. 131 - 134.
Medieval & Renaissance Book Production

2. Humanism

Read p. 134 - 135.
Humanism: Seeking the Wisdom of the Ancients

3. Erasmus

Read p. 135 - 144.

4. The Oxford Reformers

Read p. 144 - 145.

5. Sir Thomas More

Read p. 145 - 154.
Erasmus describes Thomas More
Thomas More's last letter
A Prayer by Thomas More
Sir Thomas More's Farewell to his Daughter

6. Two German Artists

Vocabulary: liberal (as in liberal arts), stipend, iconoclast, mien

Read p. 157 - 158.

1. European Educators of the Renaissance

Read p. 158 - 162.

2. English Education

i. John Colet

ii. Some English Books on Education

Read p. 167 - 171.

iii. The Sixteenth Century School

Read p. 172 - 174.

3. The Education of Women

Read p. 174 - 176.

Read p. 177 - 178.

1. Leonardo da Vinci: The Man of Science

Read p. 179 - 180.
Exploring Leonardo

2. Copernicus, 1473 - 1543

Read p. 180 - 184
Ptolemy's Conception of the Universe
The Folly of Giordano Bruno

3. Kepler and Galileo

Read p. 182 - 184.

Chapter X: The Age of Discovery

Vocabulary: apportioned
Read p. 185 - 190.
Map of Portugal
Bartholomew Diaz: Map of Voyage
Vasco da Gama: Map of Voyage
The Journal of Vasco da Gama

2. The Spanish Conquistadores

Read p. 190 - 194
Columbus: Map of Voyage
Amerigo Vespucci: Map of Voyage
Ponce de Leon: Map of Voyage
Hernando de Soto: Map of Voyage
Pizarro: Map of Voyage
Coronado: Map of Voyage
Ferdinand Magellan: Portrait
Ferdinand Magellan: Map of Voyage
If you would like to plot these routes on a map of your own, go to National Geographic's Atlas-Xpeditions and choose the world map.

3. The First English and French Explorers

Read p. 194 - 196.
John Cabot: Portrait
John Cabot: Map of Voyage

Chapter XI: Europe on the Eve of the Reformation

Vocabulary: heresy
Read p. 197 - 200.
The Waldensian Church
Jan Hus

Chapter XII: The Reformation in German: Martin Luther

Read p. 204 - 213.
The 95 Theses
Sermon on Threefold Righteousness
On the Liberty of a Christian Man
To the Christian Reader
Who is Really your God?
Luther's Tower Experience

Chapter XIII: Reformers in Switzerland & France

Vocabulary: dissipation

1. Zwingli in Zurich

Read p. 214 - 216.

2. John Calvin in Geneva

Read p. 216 - 220.

3. The Huguenots in France

Read p. 221 - 222.

Chapter XIV: The Reformation in England

1. The Reformation under Henry VIII

Vocabulary: dissolution, chantries

i. The Breach with Rome

Read p. 223 - 225.
The Act of Supremacy
The Act of Succession

ii. The Dissolution of the Monasteries

Read p. 225 - 230.
Portrait of Thomas Cromwell
The Suppression of Glastonbury Abbey
The Pilgrimage of Grace as recounted by Edward Hall

iii. Cranmer and the Prayer Book of Edward VI

Read p. 230 - 233.

3. Queen Mary

Read p. 233 - 235.
The Execution of Thomas Cranmer

4. The Elizabethan Settlement

Read p. 235 - 237.

Chapter XV: John Knox & the Church of Scotland

Read p. 238 - 242.
The Last Exaltation of George Wishart
Statue of John Knox

Chapter XVI: The Bible in English

Vocabulary: contradistinction.
Read p. 243 - 244.
St. Jerome in works of art by:
Pietro Perugino, Giotto, Durer
The Lindisfarne Gospel
John Wyclif, Translator and Controversialist
"How to Read the Bible"
The Lollards, followers of John Wyclif

Read p. 244 - 249, paragraph 1.
William Tyndale - Heretical Blasphemer?

Read p. 249 - 252.
The Great Bible
Woodcut Illustration from the Great Bible
King James
Basilicon Doran

Read p. 252 - 256.

Chapter XVII: The Wars of Religion

1. Spain and the Netherlands

i. Earlier History of the Netherlands

Read p. 257 - 258.

ii. Flemish Civilization

Read p. 258 - 259.
Jan van Eyck
Hans Memling

iii. The Revolt of the Netherlands

Read p. 259 - 264.

2. Civil War in France

i. In the Days of Catherine de'Medici

Read p. 264 - 275.

ii. Henry IV and the Edict of Nantes

Read p. 275 - 278.

Chapter XVIII: The Counter-Revolution

Vocabulary: accession

1. Reforms within the Roman Church

Read p. 279 - 282.

2. St. Ignatius of Loyola and the Jesuit Order

Read p. 282 - 285.

3. St. Teresa 1515 - 1582

Read p. 285 - 288.

Chapter XIX: Economic Changes in the Sixteenth Century

Read p. 289 - 292.

Chapter XX: Elizabethan England

Vocabulary: capricious, dauntless, autocrat, circumspeciton, judiciously, liturgy, privateer, usury, arable

1. Elizabeth and Her Times

Read p. 293 - 295.

2. Elizabeth and Her Government

Read p. 295 - 298.
Burghley House, home of William Cecil

3. The Religious Policy of Elizabeth

Raed p. 298 - 303.
Selected Writings of Elizabeth I
Puritan Sermons of: William Perkins
Richard Baxter

4. England and Europe

Read p. 303 - 305.

5. Mary, Queen of Scots

Read p. 305 - 310.
James V of Scotland
Mary Stuart Society
The Tower of London

6. Elizabethan Sailors

i. Adventure and Discovery

Read p. 310 - 315
Richard Chancellor
Richard Chancellor: "On Muscovie"
Martin Frobisher
Francis Drake
John Hawkins
Richard Grenville
A Battle of the Fleet, Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Humphrey Gilbert
Walter Raleigh

ii. The Great Armada

Read p. 315 - 317.
Elizabeth I: "Against the Aramada"

7. England at Work and at Play

i. Industries and Commerce

Read p. 317 - 320.

ii. London Town

Read p. 321 - 322.
Map of London, 1600

iii. In the Country

Read p. 322 - 324.

8. England Out of Work

Read p. 325 - 326.

9. Troubles in Ireland

Read p. 327 - 329.

10. The Spirit of the Age in Poetry, Prose & Music

Read p. 329 - 331.
Edmund Spenser
The Faerie Queene
Sir Philip Sidney
Christopher Marlowe

Additional Supplements: Book & Multimedia

This site is a member of WebRing.
To browse visit Here.

Hosting by WebRing.