· Their goal of breeding is for betterment of the breed and to produce healthy sound puppies, which will make good pets.

· Knows the breed standard and is critical in evaluating breeding stock.

· Knows and explains both the positive and negative aspects of the breed

· Is aware of and screens for breed specific genetic health problems.

· Only breeds occasionally and usually with intentions of keeping a pup for themselves.

· The same bitch is rarely bred more than 2-3 times in her life.

· Usually breeds only 1 or 2 different breeds of dogs.

· Often show their dogs in order to evaluate worth as breeding quality.

· Will ask prospective buyers a lot of questions and may even require a home visit.  This is due to their concern that their puppies go to a good responsible home.

· Encourages potential buyers to visit their home and meet their dogs.  Often times will not own the stud dog though.

· Can discuss the qualities and flaws of their dogs.  Can discuss specific reasons for this particular breeding.  Knows the pedigree information.

· Puppies are typically raised in the home.  They are well socialized and have a good start on crate-training and house breaking.

· Don’t let puppies go to their new homes until at least 7-
8 weeks of age.  This is because of the importance of interacting with mom and littermates on the behavioral development of puppies.

· Often have a
contract.  This may have specific requirements (i.e. professional training, spay/neuter) as well as a “first right of refusal.”  This gives the breeder the right to get the puppy back if the owners are unable to keep it, for any reason, at any time.

Will be there to help you at any time in the future.  They will be willing to answer questions that may arise and counsel you with problems that may arise.  They will want to have visits and receive photos as puppy grows up.
Traits of an Ethical Breeder...
· Their goal of breeding is to make money.

· May or may not know the breed standard.  Will
breed whatever they have to whatever is available.

· Promotes
only the positive aspects of the breed.

· Doesn’t bother screening for genetic health problems.  Be wary of anyone who claims there are no health issues or
doesn’t need to test.

Breeds frequently (more than 1 or 2 litters a year) and oftentimes with same bitch.

· May breed
multiple breeds, depending on the trends.  Such “breeders” are commonly referred to as a “puppy mill.”

· Rarely show their dogs but may brag of champions in the pedigree.

· Will not ask many questions.  Their major concern is the payment.

· Be very suspicious if you are not allowed to visit the home and meet the parents.  Often times they own both parents.

· The reason they did this particular breeding is because these are the particular dogs they have available.  May be able to name a “line” that’s in the pedigree but won’t have a lot of in-depth knowledge.

· Puppies may be raised in the house, in the garage, a barn, or even outside.

· Will let puppies go as soon as they are weaned.

· Sells a puppy with
no strings attached.  They have no concern what happens to the puppy once sold.

· Has
no concern for you or your new dog once the money has changed hands.
Traits of An Irresponsible Breeder…
Sandra Wickwirer, DVM
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