Above is the JUDE family crest.
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click here to go to a list of surnames in this family tree.
There are primarily two major branches of the JUDE family in America. According to census records, one branch immigrated from Ireland to America and arrived in the state of Maine before eventually settling in the state of Minnesota. The other considerably larger branch appears to have English origins and eventually settled along the Tug River Valley in Eastern Kentucky and Southwestern West Virginia. This branch is known as the JUDE (alias FREDERICK) family. Even though the surname JUDE is the original surname of the JUDE (alias FREDERICK) family of the Tug River Valley, the surname FREDERICK was mysteriously used as an alias by this family for approximately 100 years between 1820 and 1920 before this family finally decided to permanently switch back to using the original JUDE surname. The FREDERICK surname is German and was originally spelled "FRIEDRICH". Sources suggest JUDE may be English. Early records from the seventeenth century show a high concentration of the JUDE family located near the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, which today is known as Newcastle and is one of England's largest cities. It is located in the county of Northumberland, which is England's most northern county. Even though there are records showing the JUDE surname in other parts of England, it appears the JUDE family of Northumberland are the progenitors of the JUDE family that eventually settled in America along the Tug River Valley of Eastern Kentucky and Southwestern West Virginia. These descendants can trace their origins to the three sons of John JUDE, Sr. who was born before 1765. Those sons included John JUDE (alias FREDERICK), Jr., Martin & Peter. More specifically, those members of the JUDE family who live or have relatives in Martin County, Kentucky, are descendants of John, Jr. He was a renowned pioneer of the Tug River Valley born about 1800 somewhere in the New River Valley, possibly in Surry Co., North Carolina.
There is not very much information about John Jr's parents. They lived in the New River Valley and their names were John, Sr. & Mary, who was also known as Polly. Apparently, John, Sr. died while his children were quite young and his widow remarried an unidentified German immigrant whose last name was FREDERICK or FRIEDRICH. John Jr's natural father, John JUDE, Sr., is recorded on the 1810 Surry Co., NC census as John JUDE. This is the earliest record found that pertains to this family in America. According to this record, John was listed as more than 45 years old indicating he was born before 1765. Ten years later, John Sr's widow, Mary or "Polly", whose maiden name is unknown, but may have been Jackson, is recorded on the 1820 Grayson Co., VA census as "Polly Jude". She was listed on this census as head of the household which indicates her husband may have died before the census was taken in 1820. Grayson Co., VA and Surry Co., NC are neighboring counties and the New River flows through Grayson County. Also, both censuses indicated there were three sons. Those three sons would have been John, Jr. and his brothers Martin & Peter.
Since Polly's new husband helped to raise her sons after her husband died, all three brothers assumed their step-father's FREDERICK surname. Martin's descendants continue to use the surname FREDERICK. Peter did not use the FREDERICK surname very long and suddenly switched back to JUDE and his descendants continue to use the surname JUDE. Information suggests that John, Jr. assumed his step-father's FREDERICK surname between 1820 and 1825 and according to legend, he came to Eastern Kentucky from the New River area of Virginia and the Carolinas with fellow traveler Moses Stepp. Even though John, Jr. assumed his step-father's surname, he apparently became closely associated with the family of Revolutionary War veteran Moses STEPP, who was another renown pioneer of the Tug River Valley. In fact, one source states John, Jr. was considered a foster son of Moses STEPP. The exact reason for this close relationship has not yet been confirmed, but there may be a connection through the Jackson family suggesting John Jr. may have been related to Moses' wife Sally (Jackson) Stepp. In fact, according to noted family historian Clyde "Cecil" Fields, John Jude was "a son of a Jackson and was related to President Andrew Jackson". If the preceding quote was referring to John's mother, then Moses' wife Sally could have been John's aunt on his mother's side. This would suggest that Sally and Mary were sisters and Mary's maiden name was Mary "Polly" Jackson. According to family tradition, John Jr. often traveled with Moses Stepp into the wilderness looking for new hunting grounds and it was on one of these hunting trips that they came to Eastern Kentucky. Even though John, Jr. assumed the FREDERICK surname in about 1825, most of his descendants did not decide to permanently change their surname back to Jude until about one hundred years later.
John, Jr. became a lumberjack. He was a large man who was well known for his enormous strength and his exceptional skills in this occupation. Stories have been handed down for many generations describing his participation in various occupational endeavors including barn raisings. He was also a very competitive person and was very active in barrel lifting contests and even fighting with bears. Also, whenever he was challenged to a brawl he would never refuse to participate and gained a reputation for his fearless determination and strong will. This trait has become part of John Jr's legacy and anyone who is familiar with this family, knows how prevalent it is among his descendants.
Using his skills as a lumberjack, John, Jr. settled the brushy, pristine wilderness of southern Martin County, KY along Wolf Creek. Due to his fierce determination, he was able to prosper in a very rugged environment and established strong ties within his community. In addition to his association with Moses STEPP, he also established strong ties with the family of James RUTHERFORD and became a large landowner and raised a large family with several members who married in the RUTHERFORD family. Later, the family of Civil War Veteran Isaac MAYNARD, Sr became closely associated with the JUDE family. The MAYNARD family was the largest family in the area and maintained a very close relationship with the JUDE family. In fact, Isaac MAYNARD, Sr. had 5 children who married in the JUDE family including three of Isaac's daughters who married grandsons of John, Jr as well as one son who married a granddaughter of John, Jr. and another son who married a great-granddaughter of John, Jr. The MAYNARD and JUDE families have maintained a very close relationship for more than 100 years, which has also resulted in many other intermarriages among these two families. The last time John JUDE (alias FREDERICK), Jr. appeared on a census was in 1880. On the 1880 Pike Co., KY census, he was recorded as "John Frederick" and stated that his father was born in Germany. Since FREDERICK is a German surname, John, Jr. was probably referring to his step-father.
Even though most of the descendants of John JUDE (alias FREDERICK), Jr. use the JUDE surname, there is one branch of this family who continues to use the FREDERICK surname. Apparently, John JUDE (alias FREDERICK), IV, son of John JUDE (alias FREDERICK), III and Sarah "Sally" RUTHERFORD, was involved in a family altercation and moved away from his family in Martin Co. and settled just west of Martin Co., KY in Morgan Co., KY near the Licking River and kept the FREDERICK surname.
The map of the Tug River Valley shown below includes most of Martin County and an area
known as Jude Fork. This area, located just north of the Pike Co. border, is where the
JUDE/FREDERICK family originally settled in Martin County. Immediately below is an enlarged section of Southeastern Martin County. Under the map is a list of
surnames that have become associated with the JUDE family.
Index of Jude Related Surnames
1292 individuals, 537 families
from file C:\WINDOWS\Desktop\Jude (alias Frederick).GED (25 Aug 1999)
Instructions: Just click on one of the surnames found below to find a list of individuals for that surname.
BONEY OR BOUNEY OR BONER,
WYATT (alias RUTHERFORD),
FRALEY (AKA JUDE),
FREDERICK (ALIAS JUDE),
JONES OR RATLIFF,
KENNEDY OR CANADY,
MAYNARD OR LYKENS?,
MAYNARD OR MARCUM?,
MULLINS (AKA JUDE),
RATLIFF OR ATLIFF?,
ROBERTS AKA KELLY,
STAYTON OR STANTON?,
STEPP (AKA JUDE),
WYATT (alias RUTHERFORD)
HTML created by GED2HTML v3.1a-UNREGISTERED (8/20/97) on Tue Aug 24 23:49:00 1999.
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